New Land Empires in America
New Land Empires in America HST 121 - M001
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ryan Ratty on Friday October 30, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HST 121 - M001 at Syracuse University taught by J. Takeda in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see HST 121 in History at Syracuse University.
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Date Created: 10/30/15
HST 121 Ryan Ratty 10132015 New Land Empires in America What was the Age of Exploration Who participated How was it made possible Naval Technology Military Revolution Slave Trade Effects on demographics in the Americas Aztecs Incas Slavery Native Americans Age of Exploration What was it Age of Exploration and overseas expansion 14501650 Reconfiguration of Europe Shift from the Mediterranean to Africa Asia Americans Economic globalization and international trade Europeans not only participants The West as a transportable idea set of practices What Made Europeans Explore Is it due to European power or weakness The Ottoman block The Persian block Religious Crisis Catholicism threatened by outside Catholicism threatened from within Religious Wars throughout Italian Wars Crisis of Renaissance Europe was not winning as a whole compared to other civilizations or cultures Then why did they start running around the globe Trade and Commerce Trade routes to the East Spices silks perfumes etc Marco Polo 1291 Historical context Centralization Absolutism and Court Society Luxury and fine Competition for Wealth Mercantilism and bullionism Gold 14001500 purchasing power increases Christianity in Crisis Christianity Crusades and Reconquista Spanish Inquisition 1478 1492 Expulsion of Jews 1493 Alhambra Decree HST 121 Ryan Batty 10132015 1502 Catholicism compulsory The Early Birds Bartholomew Diaz Vasco de Gama and Portuguese Exploration in Africa Alternative route to Asia Bypass Ottoman Turks Bypass Maghreb North Africa Duke Henry the Navigator 1487 King John II of Portugal appoints Diaz to head an expedition to sail around Africa to find a trade route to India 1498 de Gama reaches Calicut India Spain and Portugal Pope Alexander VI and the division of the world 1494 Treaty of Tordesillas Creating a Catholic New World Spanish America 1 Christopher Columbus Genoese Italian Catholic Faith Patrons Isabella and Ferdinand of Castile and Aragon Territory explored Caribbean Islands Central America South American coast Spanish America 2 Hernan Cortes 14851547 Who was he Conquest of Mexico 15191522 Fall of Aztec Tenochtitlan and Montezuma 450 Spaniards vs 300000 Aztecs Aztecs Tenoch an 1345 Mexica founded Tenochtitlan 1428 Aztec Empire founded Aztec Economy large irrigated agricultural estates nonAztec slavesserfs Spanish America 3 Francisco Pizarro 14781541 Who was he Conquest of Incas 180 men from Panama to Peru Captures and kills Atahualpa 1533 Potosi Cerro Rico discovered in 1541 Silver deposits Was America a Mistake Discovery as Disaster HST 121 Ryan Ratty 10132015 Most calamitous event in history Cornelius DePauw 1768 Academie Francaise Competition 1792 Economic benefits moral corruption America hath poured all the sources of corruption on Europe European Invasion Largest movement displacement and destruction of peoples in world history World Population Circa 1492 500M 8OM in Western Europe 2050M in America 1015M South 600K by 1620 102OM Central 1 M by 1620 57M North 600k by 1620 Displacement 14921820 95M Africas to America 2M Europeans to America
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