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Week 11: (March 21-25) Gender and Sex - Cultural Anthropology

by: Ricardo Rauseo

Week 11: (March 21-25) Gender and Sex - Cultural Anthropology ANT2410

Marketplace > University of Florida > ANT2410 > Week 11 March 21 25 Gender and Sex Cultural Anthropology
Ricardo Rauseo
GPA 3.8

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About this Document

These notes cover what we saw on Week 12: Gender and Sex
Cultural Anthropology
Crystal Felima
Class Notes
Cultural Anthropology
25 ?




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ricardo Rauseo on Saturday March 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANT2410 at University of Florida taught by Crystal Felima in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views.


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Date Created: 03/26/16
Monday, March 21, 2016 Sex & Gender Development of the study of Gender in Anthropology  Anthropology of Women  Anthropology of Gender  Feminist Anthropology Defining Gender and Sex Sex as a biologically determined category  Refers to an individual’s membership in one of two biologically distinct categories—male or female Gender as a socio-culturally constructed category  Refers to the physical, behavioral, and personality traits linked to sex. Intesex A person is born with a reproductive or sexual anatomy that do not fit typical binary notions of male or female bodies. Gender: Masculinity vs. Femininity Social definitions of maleness/femaleness Gender Roles Defined as the expected ways of behaving based on a society’s definition of masculinity and femininity. Explanations for the gender division of labor  The strength theory: men’s work typically involves tasks, (like hunting and lumbering) requiring greater strength  The compatibility with childcare theory: women tend to assigned work activities that are compatible with caring for infants and young children.  Expendability theory: the loss of men is less disadvantageous reproductively than the loss of women  The economy of effort: o It may be advantageous for a gender to do tasks that follow in a production sequence o It may also be advantageous for one gender to perform tasks that are located near each other. Human Sexuality The sexual practices of humans, usually varying from culture to culture  Includes sexual thoughts, feelings and behaviors. Sexuality in Anthropological Research Sexual culture: the system of cultural meanings about sexuality and the social practices of sexuality Sexual identity: an element of some sexual cultures, the intentional sense of having a sexual desire around which you social identity is built Sexual life way: A culturally constructed expression of sexuality and gender roles. Wednesday, March 23, 2016 Sex and Gender Gender Ideology A system of thoughts and values that legitimizes gender roles, statuses, and customary behavior Exploitation Cause by gender Ideology  Male Gender Biased  Female Infanticide  Nutritional Deprivation  Infant Mortality  Honor Killings. Power to get something/ or over something Gender is competitive instead of collaborational  Hierarchy  Dichotomies  Language and culture are really embedded  Phallic symbol powerful Friday, March 25, 2016 Gender Stratification  The hierarchical ranking of members of a society according to gender  Influences work: Women, on average earn less than men with the same levels of education and years of experience Inequality at Work  Gender Segregation  Job Mobility o Glass ceiling and “sticky floor” o “Mom jobs”  Sexual harassment  Institutionalized Sexism  Discrimination Gender and Industrialism  Gender roles changing rapidly in the United States  Both men and women constrained by their cultural training, stereotypes, and expectations  The Feminization of Poverty Gender-Based Violence “Violence Against Women” (1993)


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