Week 10 Notes - Revival Architecture and Furniture
Week 10 Notes - Revival Architecture and Furniture THFM 4600
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ashleigh Schneider on Friday October 30, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to THFM 4600 at Bowling Green State University taught by Margaret McCubbin in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see Period, Style, and Form in Theatre at Bowling Green State University.
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Date Created: 10/30/15
Period Style and Form Week 10 Monday Exam 2 Wednesday Revival ArchitectureDesign 0 Movements O Neoclassicism I Concerned with generalizing the human experience into universal symbols I A new revival of classical antiquity I Idealists who did not accept the world at face value 0 Romanticisim I Concerned with the individual and the search for meaning in his life I Not a specific style but a state of mind revealed in many different ways 0 Did not like social order I Wanted an emotional experience of any kind particularly individual emotions 0 Architecture 0 Neoclassical I Saw Baroque as too extravagant and the Rococo as frivolous I Wanted to create a modern style based solely on research and re ections of what was then considered modern art 0 Earliest attempt was Palladianism 0 William Kent and the Earl of Burlington were greatly in uenced by this work 0 Became the principal architects of the Palladian revival I The classical style was the only rational approach since it was manmade and therefore could be controlled I First works were publications which extended knowledge of the ancient world beyond just classical Rome I Resulted in 0 A revival of Rome as a creative center of the arts 0 A passion for Greece 0 The formulation of a new theory of expressive architecture I New thought was to reject the aesthetic approach and that the earliest most functional and rational style was the best 0 Beauty based on simple geometric shapes I Design styles were argued as to superiority I Oldest was the best 0 Therefore Greek was better than Roman but the best was Etruscan believed to be the oldest I Greek art became dominant 0 True Greek revival in architecture didn t start until the 1790s 0 Palladianism 0 France Spread to America 0 First known here as Georgian and later Federal style 0 Earliest examples are in wood or brick rather than stone 0 Examples of buildings in the Neoclassical style 0 Mt Vernon O Jefferson s Monticello O The Catholic Cathedral in Baltimore 0 United State Capitol 0 City planning based on the Roman grid around a central square is implemented Accepts the Neoclassic which is used by the Revolution and the Empire to express revolt against old ideals AngeJacques Gabriel 0 An early French architect who closely responds to the English view 0 Wanted to bring back the sense of nobility and grandeur that was missing from the Rococo Pantheon 0 Created by Jacques Souf ot 0 The first building to fully represent the new expressive approach 0 Required no decoration or sculpture La Madeleine 0 Created by Pierre Vignon 0 Considered the most perfect classical temple since the antiquity 0 Dominated an entire quarter of Paris Napoleon 0 Dramatically changed the look of Paris 0 Designed the Champs Elysees a series of avenues from the Arc de Triomphe 0 Had the Louvre connected to the Arc O Technological developments Central heating discovered and implemented Hot and cold running water and sanitary plumbing developed and became common Elevators telephones and mechanical ventilation used by the last decades of the century Gas lights began to be installed and in the 1880s electric lights were also available 0 Gothic Commercial architecture 0 Iron began to be used for bridges and inner structures of factories became a standard means of supporting roofs over large spaces Another revival style that was highly popular in England Traced to the 18th century romantic garden which was designed to evoke emotions Examples 0 Strawberry Hill 0 Houses of Parliament Indian Gothic 0 Two exotic styles combined to a creampuff version of the Taj Mahal 0 Example Brighton Pavilion America 0 Started as Greek Revival but was followed by Gothic 0 Used for public and commercial buildings 0 Example Kenyon College 0 Common Victorian styles 0 ItalianTuscan villa deliberately asymmetrical with a simple facade and a square tower overlooking the building 0 Italianate bracket eaves with a at or bay window facade and sometimes a porch O m the buildings are outlined in strips of wood and the facade particularly is highlighted with decorative stick work I Sometimes called mockTudor or Tudor revival O Eastlake this tends toward heavy architectural elements contrasting with a great deal of light decorations 0 Second Empire there is a mansard roof line with dormer windows above and an Italian or Italianate building below 0 Chateauesgue this is also known as NeoRenaissance or French Renaissance revival This tends to be large scale stone construction with steep roofs and much decorative detailing I Richard Morris Hunt 0 The architect who started this style 0 Is considered the Father of American Architecture I The first professionally trained American architect but studied in France and fell in love with all things French 0 Colonial Revival large scale building exhibiting a mixture of colonial styles which are often Neoclassical 0 Italian Renaissance large scale stone construction this should probably be considered another part of the Colonial Revival 0 Queen Anne this was also called Modern Colonial though it looks nothing like Colonial It has a very open oor plan and has been described as the ultimate anything goes Victorian I It was the era between 1880 and World War 1 when American architecture became important 0 BeauxArts I The name is taken from the Ecole des BeauxArts I Came to represent an approach to architectural design I not really a specific architectural style I Characterized by four main ideas I The arrangement of the interior spaces is based on solving the problems of the buildings use and is re ected on the exterior I The architect uses an ideal geometry based on balance and to this end employed axes on which rooms were arranged in order of importance I There is a calculated dramatic effect and the facades and entries are crucial in establishing the initial reactions 0 The buildings contain sizable halls and corridors which help produce a feeling of stateliness O NeoB aroque I Best represented by the Paris Opera designed by Charles Garnier I Qualities come more from the profusion of sculpture and ornament than the architectural vocabulary I Has some similarities to that of Gothic Revival 0 Furniture 0 Revival of Greek and Roman forms and motifs 0 Characteristics I Legs tended to be straight or canted and sometimes uted like columns I Shapes were basically rectangular I Egyptian motifs appear later I Sabre legs appear as the back legs of furniture 0 Sheraton Adam and American Phyfe all follow the Neoclassical style Chippendale starts off Rococo but does some Neoclassical work while Hepplewhite sticks with a more Rococo style Furniture revivals to match all the architectural styles 39 Some were Visually pleasing others were not Victorian interior styles form the basis for how we place and use furniture
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