Popular in History Of Psychology
Popular in Psychlogy
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Vanessa Alpert on Thursday January 22, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PY 370 at a university taught by Dr. Sheila R. Black in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 164 views.
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Date Created: 01/22/15
PY 370 Notes 1132015 Early Greek Medicine Dream Book talked about stuff that was embarrassing things that people often dreamed about being naked in public has to do with human nature and human vulnerabilities way back when Alcamaen first to dissect bodies of animals try to see any principles that governed anatomyphysiology holistic Did not rely on the mysilicism of the priests Hippocratesrejected the notion that gods responsible for illnesses such as epilepsy emphasized sciencenature emphasized holistic approach to medicine many of his theories were wrong Identified various mental illnesses Formulated theory of thirst mentioned thirst was due to dry throat having a parched mouth wrong Formulated theory of temperament Brain lateralization left hemisphere controls ride side of the body if someone had trauma to right side of head they would should impairments on the other side of the body there is truth to this GaLen lived 600 years after Hippocrates but he revived interest in Hippocrates work agreed with him dissected animals and interested in anatomy holistic thinker interest in peoples well being credit for laying ground work of psychotherapy He talked about curing disorders of the soulby describing the dynamics that currently take place in psychology Advances in Mathematics Thales predicted a solar eclipse in 585 BC Pythagoras and the Pythagorean theorem Video to establish laws of beauty and other laws of nature Claimed to see the beauty in the universe Plants and animals grow according to mathematical laws grow in certain patterns 11618 is ratio for beauty Today we have mathematical models which purport to explain ask for rest of bullet Materialism the universe can be understood via the great materialism of the world You can explain everything by breaking down every organism by the smallest components physical Atomism Atomism was developed by Democritus He thought that the world was comprised of a collection of atoms The human mind was a collection of atoms which could in uence the external world The human mind is thought to be formed by experience objects would omit atoms and then we would perceive them in a certain way see a circle as a circle M 495435 BC Greeks questioned the reliability of the sensory system Zeno invented puzzles and paradoxes to point out the inadequacy of the sensory system your senses can fool you Motion is an illusion imposed by the mind Zeno challenged the notion that the human mind can be studied via the material world Advances in Philosophy Socrates Socratic Method you can get people to discover various principlestruths by just questioning them you don t learn anything new because if you did not know it at first how would you know it was true Rationalist truth lies within you and by using good deductive reasoning you can unearth this truth Deductive Reasoning truth ultimately comes by using this Put to Death through poison made many people uncomfortable m Did not trust senses of perceptions we through our senses only see a shadow of what really exists Forms Rationalist who believed in measurement and deductive reasoning Pythagoras had shown that some aspects of human skill could be measured In Plato s utopian society people would be assigned roles based on their skills Aristotle More of a natural scientist than Plato or Socrates More of an empiricist in that he did not rely only on observation He believed that both deductive and inductive reasoning observe were important He was able to uncover basic principles of human memory Epicureans Persons goal in life is to be happy Stoics persons goal in life is reasoning more important than momentary happinessdid not like public expression of emotion Rationalism vs Empiricism ohn Locke disagrees with Rationalism Possible examples of innate knowledge Whatsoever is is It is impossible for the same thing to be and not be John Locke said children and idiots do not understand these two things Occam s Razor simplest explanation Locke says man is born as built as Tabyla Rasa blank slate There are only 2 fountains of knowledge Sensation from our senses Re ection observing things within ourselvesalmost like a sixth sense Simple vs Complex Ideas 1Examples of knowledge not derived from senses Godinfinity 2Can you invent a new simple idea Locke says it is impossible 3Primary vs Secondary qualities Primary exists in the bodies themselves Secondary qualities color texture sound and taste produce our sensations 1152015 Bishop Barkley Mental Dependency of Ideas 1Sensory objects houses mountains rivers etc are things present to us in sense experience 2 What is presented to us in sense experience consists solely in our ideas or sensations 3 Ideas exist solely in our minds 4 Therefore sensible objects exist solely in our minds Occam s Razor The Cause of Ideas 1 Only the mind can cause ideas 2 Did our minds produce them 3 No because then things would disappear when no one was looking at them 4 God s mind must have created them 5 We can have direct experience of the world without the intermediate step of physical matter 6 To be is to be perceived Connections to modern debates Newton vs Einstein Noam Chomsky children s experience with language is to limited children learn language so quickly so there must be some sort of innate structure there Geoffrey Sampson learning language quickly is good Steven Pinker infants have ideas such as space time and numbers that are already hardwired in their minds David Hume Perceptions of the mind Impressions direct sense experiences things we hearsee lovehatedesire we feel within us Ideas copies of our impressions thoughtsmemories of impressions we have Believes we can combine impressions to form new things Hume s Fork Relations of ideas Matters of Fact the contrary is always possible Cause and Effect Our entire idea of cause and effect comes entirely from experience Every effect is distinct from the cause just because something happened after something else does not mean it will always happen 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