Week 10 Lecture Notes
Week 10 Lecture Notes HIST 2030
Popular in Tennessee History
Popular in History
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Maria Martinez on Friday October 30, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 2030 at Middle Tennessee State University taught by Derek W Frisby in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 22 views. For similar materials see Tennessee History in History at Middle Tennessee State University.
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Date Created: 10/30/15
Week 10 Lecture Notes History 2030 4 R39s of Tennessee Rivers 0 Were used by the North to get in between the South and their resources in hopes of lowering morale and getting the upper hand 0 The North39s battle plan was to use the rivers and the railroad to get in the way of the South39s resources Resources 0 The resources played an instrumental role in the war as it was fought by soldiers and soldiers need resources to fight 0 From food to clothes to weapons the resources can make or break the war and the North was going to do everything they could to have the higher advantage Railroads 0 Were key to the civil war as they were used to get resources back and forth 0 all battles take place near rivers and railroads because it was more logical given the large armies in play Reconstruction 0 Was referred to as a quotglorious failurequot because the promises made the African Americans after the civil war were never seen through 0 President Lincoln39s definition of quotrestorationquot was to change the way it looked without actually rebuilding any social structure just basically rearranging the structure Lincoln wanted restoration but Congress wanted Reconstruction 0 Lincoln wanted to restore the South to the Union to do this he captures Nashville the South39s first capital 0 He makes Andrew Johnson governor who believed the opposite of Lincoln to try to get control of the South 0 Battle of Antietam I Fought on September 17 I The Confederates march into Maryland and the battle ensues leaving 17000 casualties Emancipation Proclamation 0 Lincoln realizes that in order for him to get control of the South slavery has to end 0 Therefore he says that any state that 39returns to proper relation with the Union39 will be provided with compensated emancipation but by December 30 1862 all the slaves would be freed without compensated emancipation for the states 0 Because of the Battle of Antietam everyone can see that the South was winning so when Lincoln proposed the compensated emancipation none of he states followed through 0 The joke thought Lincoln to be a joke Lincoln insists that his newly appointed general Rosecrans take his troops to was against the Confederates in the winter 0 Rosecrans refuses multiple times until the Confederate General John Hutton Morgan and his newlywed wife ride around Nashville setting fire to bridges on December 26 1862 Rosecrans leads his troops to battle against the Confederates at Stones River 0 The battle goes on for 3 days and results in the most percentage of casualties 33 but the Union wins 0 In light of the battle Lincoln is encouraged and the emancipation proclamation is fueled 0 Tennessee is exempt from the emancipation proclamation as a means to convince them to agree to the terms because Lincoln needed Tennessee o The emancipation proclamation doesn39t really free many slaves its more motivating to the North than actually effective 0 1 year after the Battle at Stones River the Union Army is on its way to victory 0 Lincoln39s 10 plan 0 Lincoln stated that when 10 of a state wanted to rejoin the union they could have their civilian army and representation back 0 Lincoln offered the Confederate soldiers amnesty no fine no restriction no punishment and this angered some Unionists o Radical Republicans o Believed that Lincoln was wrong to be so lenient and conciliatory and must be replaced 0 They form a congressional committee and investigated Lincoln39s Conduct of War even calling on the testifying of some Generals against Lincoln 0 One general that testified saying that the Union was losing the was because they didn t hate the enemy enough claiming Lincoln was one of quotthemquot because he came from Kentucky and so he was a Southerner in disguise o This starts the attempt by the Unionists to run the equivalent of a smear campaign on the South hoping to make the North hate the South so much killing them would be easier Election of 1864 0 Lincoln didn t run as a republican and leaves the republican party and ends up winning the presidency Fort Pillow Massacre O Confederates attack a garrison mostly filled with African American soldiers The North stuck on this idea that they needed to hate the enemy sees Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest who is a rich slave holder and beings to paint him like the posterchild of everything South everything they were fighting against The Confederates wouldn t get any slack on this if the reports that state that Forrest killed African Americans in cold blood unjustly in turn the republicans try to discredit Lincoln and paint his as a traitor with a secret agenda claiming again that he was a Southerner in disguise so he was withholding violence to help them win Lincoln won over the people when he responded to the claims urging the North not to give into the violence because they were better than the South WadeDavis Manifesto o Radical Republicans pas out their plan for wartime policy 0 Lincoln took WadeDavis Bill and didn t sign it and also didn t veto it to try and keep the power form the South 0 Thwarts the South on this and the Radical Republican respond by writing an angry worded letter called the WadeDavis Manifesto o This turns people against the South Appomattox 0 April 1865 the war finally ends here Lincoln39s Assassination O The day that Lincoln is killed 3 were supposed to die President Abraham Lincoln General Ulysses S Grant and Secretary of State William Seward The day he dies Lincoln announces that African Americans should get the right to vote and John Wilkes Booth does not share the same opinion Booth sneaks into the theatre where Lincoln and his wife are and shoots Lincoln in the back of the head a moral wound Ulysses S Grant was supposed to die in the theatre alongside Lincoln but Grant had declined the invitation to join Lincoln and his wife and was saved William Seward having recently broken his arm was bed ridded when Louis Powell Paine snuck into his room after beating a guard and Seward39s own son leaving him in a coma and stabbing Seward multiple times before someone pulled him off the Secretary of State Paine Powell gets away and luckily for Seward when Paine went to stab his knife through Seward39s neck it was caught on the metal frame of his broken arm so Seward lives Booth is killed when the 3 assassins are cooped up in a barn hiding from the authorities a soldier by the name of Boston Corbett ignores the orders to bring them in alive and shoots Booth after claiming Booth raised his gun It is important to note that Corbett later changed his story saying that God told him to shoot Booth The four that are hanged for the assassination of president Lincoln are Mary Surratt the first woman to be hanged Louis Paine Powell David Harold and George Azerodt
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