PSY 310: Week 6 Notes
PSY 310: Week 6 Notes PSY 310
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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brianna on Saturday March 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 310 at Colorado State University taught by Richards in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Basic Counseling Skills in Psychlogy at Colorado State University.
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Date Created: 03/26/16
Terms Challenging and Confrontation O Confrontation when the interviewer points out discrepancies or contradictions of which he client is unaware of or unwillingunable to change Challenging 0 Conflict Between 0 0 Samples 0 Functions 00000 0000 GOOD verbal and nonverbal messages I immediacy beliefs and experiences words and actions experiences and plans two verbal messages You said but you also said You believe but you experience You said but you acted On one hand on the other hand increase client s awareness and insight identify maladaptive feeling cognitions or behaviors help in dealing with and overcoming resistance or denial helps clients own their own problems NOT for I blaming clientshelper Q How to Confront 0 000 GO timing matters I not at very end or beginning I use sparingly identify specific discrepancies make tentative statements I l statements nonjudgmental tone is calm and nondefensive monitor verbal and nonverbal cues in client 0 When to Confront OOOOOO strengths and assets weaknesses feedback excusesexternalization unrealistic goals irrational ideas Terms Ch 11 Changing Techniques 0 Production Blocking people are too polite to blurt out ideas while brainstorming ideas dry up 0 Brainwriting used to reduce production blocking each person writes an idea and each is shared 0 Alternative Interpretation method of helping clients to recognize that solutions can be seen in many different ways 0 SelfDisclosure reveals something personal about the helper Self Disclosure Q deliberate and effective 0 Types 0 Intentions Q Risks O 00 000000 nonimmediate lnescapable immediately viewable l ex physical issues pregnancy broken bones etc Inadvertent can be nonverbal Deliberate conscious decision I Disclosures of Similarity 0 allows helpers to communicate approval and reassurance validation l Disclosures of Information 0 provides info about training experience etc I Disclosures of Feelings 0 models expression of feeling for clients and provides opportunity to examine similarities and differences I Immediacy Q focusing on material as it is related to you and the therapeutic relationship 0 process the how of the relationship increase the therapeutic alliance deepen client understanding and insight generates new perspectives model and educate deal with resistance normalize clients experience possible boundary violations shift focus from client to helper O O role reversal client as caretakerfriend client discomfort with helper selfdisclosure 0 Poor Intentions O O O anxiety relief to be liked to solve client s problems 0 Effective Self Disclosures OOOOOOOOO Changing Techniques 0 Why OOO consider carefully your intentions formulate with needs of client in mind keep the focus on the client be concise focus on insights not details bring focus back to client by using basic counseling skills use infrequently if you feel uncomfortable don t do it monitor client s reactions to your disclosure stimulate clients work toward resolving own problems aid clients in getting in touch with creative ideas help clients examine selflimiting assumptions Giving Advice and Information 0 Giving Advice 0 0 opinion Not Great I Why 0 clients get advice from many other sources making helper who only gives advice impotent 0 client will not always follow advice 0 often disregarded 0 Game of Advice WDYYB I Why don t you Yes but 0 helper is responsible for outcome of advice 0 sends message that client is incapable of working out problems themselves 0 consequence of advice can damage relationship 0 may violate clients values 0 When is is appropriate I when it is concrete and invites reaction and discussion I presented as one alternative to other solutions generated by client I suggests that client should alter instructions to fit circumstance I when helper s directive can reduce risk of danger 0 Giving Information 0 factual O supplying data or facts to help client reach goal 0 can change the relationship by putting helper in superior position more knowledge 0 When to Give Information orient clients to the interviewing process provide instructions or directions psychoeduca on present feedback provide alternative directions direct clients to other resources help monitor safety in emergency situations 0 Styles Facilitating vs Directing Helping vs Enabling Experiential vs Didactic Brainstorming 0 used to increase creativity 0 Rules 0 1 no ideas are evaluated l nonjudgemental O 2 freewheeling is encouraged l practicality is discouraged O 3 quantity is more important than quality 0 4 hitchhikingpiggybacking is encouraged Q How To 0 helper is a facilitator client generates most ideas 0 Basic PhasesSteps l 1 challenging assumptions and asking the right ques ons 0 reverse assumptions 0 generates new ideas based on new concept 0 what is the goal I 2 generating ideas I 3 evaluating and agreeing in potential conclusions Alternative Interpretation 0 helps decrease catastrophizing thoughts 0 Purpose 0 to convince the client that there are many alternatives to a negative first reaction of catastrophic thinking
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