Week Eleven Notes: Emancipation and Free Labor
Week Eleven Notes: Emancipation and Free Labor History 370
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by KatieAlbritton on Saturday October 31, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to History 370 at University of North Carolina - Wilmington taught by Dr. J. McCarthy in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 32 views. For similar materials see History of the Caribbean in History at University of North Carolina - Wilmington.
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Date Created: 10/31/15
Week Eleven Emancipation and Free Labor Katie Albritton Study Soup Slave Emancipation AntiSlavery Opposition Activism Marronage Cudjoe Jamaica Legend of leadership Mackandal Haiti Serious threat to whites Abolitionism in USA Nat Turner rebellion AntiSlavery Ideology Enlightenment ideas of freedom equality the noble savage Condorcet Slavery illogical Blackstone Slavery illogical unprofitable USA Independence Despite ignoring slavery problem French Revolution Blacks welcomed to assembly Slaves freed temporarily 1794 Haitian Independence inspires intimidates Successful slave rebellion Fear spreads throughout slave societies Haiti isolated Inspires harsh fugitive slave laws USA Many slaves and free black reenslaved Abolition of the Slave Trade Antislavery sentiment Reform economics rather than seize property Bills eventually pass Parliament 1790s delays Trade ended 1807 Prospect of Eurowide reforms Vienna 1815 idea too radical USA ends slave trade 1808 Sweden 1813 Netherlands 1814 Royal Navy police Atlantic UK declares all slave traders pirates English Reform Movements Repeal of Penal Laws 1829 Can be Catholic again Irish League Great Reform 1832 Voting redrawing of voting districts Factory Act 1833 Limit number of hours per week you could employ women and children Chartism 1836 Help in organizing labor against factory owners Eventually grows into Labor Movement Elizabethan Poor Law 1836 Repealed Have to go to the church you were born in if you are poor Repeal of Corn Laws 1846 Protective tariffs of grain Irish Potato Famine Expand suffrage every adult male by 1867 Utilitarianism laissezfaire economics Each family should take care of its own interests which will be good for everyone Marketplace will stay out of economics free trade Reforms often touted as uniquely British Age of Liberalism Slave Population does not reproduce Hard work Poor nutrition Harsh punishments Few women overall Abortions Attempts to ameliorate the worst abuses Registration of all slaves Wilberforce pushed through Parliament Introduced 1815 passed 1819 Hold owners accountable for injury disappearance Attempt to improve health Check on health improvements AntiSlavery Society founded 1823 In uence of nonconforming sects Methodists Baptists Moravians Establish missions Church of England does not proselytize Oppose slavery on principle Minister to lower classes Stress personal piety Sam Sharpe Baptist preacher Becomes activist Jamaica advocates for emancipation Leads main slave rebellion in Jamaica Missionary John Smith died in jail Dutch Guiana After 1823 slave rebellion Rebellions Barbados 1816 only big rebellion in Barbados ever Easter Sunday 70 estates involved Anticipation of emancipation 50 slaves killed one white man Harsh retaliation 214 slaves executed Risings Tobago march on government building 1807 West India Regiment Mutiny 1808 Jamaica Conspiracy 1815 rising 182224 Dominica maroon war 18091814 Demerara 1823 Dutch Guiana Baptist War Jamaica 183132 Sam Sharpe 200 estates burned 60000 slaves rebel Inspires conspiracies in Antigua Bahamas Parliament and Emancipation Debate centers on economics Value of slaves prices of sugar Preference for freegrown sugar Compensation to owners for loss of property How can government afford such payments How will colonies continue to produce Emancipation passes July 1833 come on line 1834 20 million to be paid to planters Slaves under 6 years old freed immediately Others to work day for six years paid Apprenticeship period 18341838 Ended early 31 July 1838 Criticized as disguised slavery No compensation for slaves for actual slavery many planters cannot afford to pay slaves Pay infrequent Free Labor Theory Free labor better than slave labor Dignified Allows natural tendency to labor Question Would freed slaves work at all Stigma All try to avoid plantation work France Netherlands end slavery 1848 Trend Coerce labor model Danish Virgin Islands Workers clean house get to garden small plot Paid 015hr first class workers Late for work forfeit 12 day39s wages Laziness absence punishable by magistrate Changes Jamaica Big drop in sugar Many plantations abandoned Barbados Increases sugar production Cuba Huge increase of sugar Huge increase in slave imports Latest technology trains mills Trinidad Indians improve economy Retail farming small manufacture St Vincent most of the windwards small farms peasant economy St Lucia Sharecroppers metayers Guyana Cooperatively purchased plantations Leewards Sugar mostly gone except St Croix In ux of Foereign laborers In ux from India East Indes China Most indentured return often not paid Also brought to South Africa Hawaii Slaves work alongside free workers Cuba East Indians India mostly in ux 18381924 British Guyana 238000 Trinidad 145000 Jamaica 21500 Guadaloupe 39000 Surinam 34000 St Lucia St Vincent Grenada Martinique Dutch East Indes to Surinam 22000 Chinese Most to British Guiana and Cuba Legacy of Slavery Racism Stigma about labor alleged laziness Emigration from region Racial strife among groups Cultural oppression British outlaw drumming festivals Huge African populations glass ceilings