Week 5 - Autonomy
Week 5 - Autonomy Psych 413
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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lynette Walker on Saturday October 31, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Psych 413 at University of Washington taught by Kathryn Monahan in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 29 views. For similar materials see Adolescent Development in Psychlogy at University of Washington.
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Date Created: 10/31/15
Psych 413 Week 5 1026 Development of Autonomy Autonomv develobed independence and perceived separateness from others gt Types 0 Independence Behavioral Autonomy Doing what you want to do rather than following what others want you to do 0 Emotional Separated but lose relationships with parents peers and other signi cant people in life 0 Cognitive Value autonomy Developing a signi cant set of your own moral views that are separate and unique from others gt Autonomy usually develops before Identity starts to develop Concepts go hand in hand Theories on the development of emotional autonomy gt Psychoanalytic 0 Anna Freud 1958 Detachment Must unconsciously emotionally detach from parents De ned as an emotionally violent event and has to happen or else you develop the psychological issues associated with psychoanalytic theory in the future gt lndividuation 0 Peter Bles 1967 You can become different from parents but still have a close relationship with them Detachment without separation You become emotionally free to challenge the relationship in a different way than you were able to do before Child no longer sees parents as infallible beings deidealizaiton The relationship becomes more like a peer relationship they do not have to make decisions for you Emotional Autonomy and Parents gt Emotional Autonomy is triggered by puberty o Assumes an adult like relationship gt Social cognitive development 0 Multifaceted views of themselves like false self gt What do the adolescents do that is different 0 Privacy A psychological need to have a life outside of family life and the child relationship towards parents Need to see themselves as a different person than what the family perceives Development of sense of self 0 Public Distancing embarrassing to get physical attention from parents Wants to be seen as independent not a childish relationship gt What parenting style promotes healthy autonomy o Authoritative explain why and when child is able to make decisions for themselves or not Practicing the fostering of autonomy at an early age Behavioral Autonomv gt Decision Making Catherine Lewis 1981 0 Increase in the different factors that go into decision making seen in adolescent years Weighing future consequences Suggesting independent specialists to be consulted Recognizing potential risks of decision Cautions against parties with vested added interest in the decision gt Susceptibility to Peer Pressure 0 Susceptibility to parental pressure decreases between preadolescence and mid adolescence while peer pressure strength increases 0 Susceptibility to peer pressure has a bell curve effect between preadolescence and mid adolescence The bell curve meaning the susceptibility to peer pressure peaks in early adolescence Increased reactivity to peer pressure more reward felt gt Redlich amp Goodman 2003 quotDon39t touch the alt keyquot 0 Sample 1213 yo 1516 yo College Students 0 Procedure Asked each participant to codetype out a paper content of paper is given they just have to type it out Told to not press the alt key because supposedly it will erase all the research data At the end of the session researcher comes in and asks if the participant touched the alt key When participant says no researcher grabs a white sheet of paper lies and accuses the participant of pressing the alt key 0 Results 73 of 12 and 13 year olds falsely confessed to pushing the alt key 88 of 15 and 16 year olds 50 of college students 0 Conclusion Teens are more likely to falsely confess to things when asked by a perceived higher authority Examples in real life 0 Murder on a Sunday Morning documentary 0 Central Park 5 Value Cognitive Autonomy Extent to which the individual develops a sense of right and wrong good and bad gt Piaget Children and teens morally explain behavior in different ways 0 Early development rules have no exceptions right and wrong is black and white Heteronomous o Autonomous More aware that laws aren39t absolute have to understand the emotions and intentions within context of situation to understand whether a behavior is good or bad gt Kohlberg stages of moral development 0 Preconventional engage in behavior on basis of reward and punishment Intention is to please others and receive immediate reward 0 Conventional morality is whatever the rules are 0 Post conventional living to higher order rules or values 0 Stages are rue orientate what I value vs what they value gt Gilligan critic of Kohlberg 0 Justice vs Care Morality is not just an individual thing but connected with others Social connections determine morality What39s better for everyone 0 Either selfserving or community serving gt The Trolley Problem Greene et al 2001 0 Given a scenario where a decision must be made that con icts morality A trolley is coming down the train tracks There is a split in the tracks 5 workers on one track 1 worker on the other track Trolley is set to go down 5 worker track Do you pull the lever making it hit 1 worker This is a purely cognitive decision It is mathematical ip the switch and save 5 lives and sacri ce 1 0 Around 70 choose to pull the lever Second scenario 5 workers on the track you are on a bridge overhead and an extremely fat person is standing there with you If you push him you will be able to stop the train saving the 5 workers Do you push This is a decision that con icts the cognitive problem solving in the rst scenario with the emotional reactivity of this decision It is personal and highly emotional This demonstrates the cognitive and emotional brain connections used in moral decision making Moral Reasoning and Moral Behavior gt Criticism and Kohlberg 0 He focused on moral thought more than mora behavior 0 These two things can contradict each other gt Bandura 2002 0 People use mora justi cation for their immoral acts 0 People want to nd a way to justify their own actions gt Cau man et al 2000 0 When is it ok to engage in violence 0 Peer violence list ofjustifications organized by the percentage of participants who found it acceptable high acceptability to low acceptability Self Defense participants found this as the most acceptable males more than females Protecting someone Provoked the gender difference is most pronounced here Just because you can get away with it almost no acceptability 0 Dating Violence Males are overall more accepting of dating violence Religion and its continuitv throuoh teen vears gt Spirituality One39s own beliefs the understanding of god39s principles 0 Development of this helps identity 0 Strong continuity through adolescence and young adulthood gt Religiosity belonging to a religious group and denomination 0 Changes in religiosity during teen years develops autonomy 0 May not be continuous through adolescence and adulthood gt The development of a meaningful philosophy of life has decreased signi cantly from the 60 s while development of a nancially stable well being has increased
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