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PY 372- Week 11 Notes

by: Alexia Acebo

PY 372- Week 11 Notes PY 372

Alexia Acebo
GPA 3.7

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A collection of notes from the 11th week of PY 372! Includes prejudice and aggression!!
PY 372 William Hart-Social Psychology
William Hart
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexia Acebo on Saturday March 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PY 372 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by William Hart in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 30 views. For similar materials see PY 372 William Hart-Social Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.


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Date Created: 03/26/16
PY 372 Notes- Week 11 Reducing Prejudice: Promoting Racial Harmony in Class  Jigsaw Classroom: divided into racially mixed groups and given test q’s o Result:  Less prejudice  Greater esteem  More success Conflict & Cooperation  A perceived incompatibility of actions or goals o Opposing sides see more conflict than is actually there  Conflict is often made up Type of conflict social dilemmas  Public goods dilemma: everyone must contribute to a common pool to maintain public good  Commons dilemma: everyone takes from a common pool of goods which will replenish itself if used in moderation but will disappear if overused. -AGRESSION- **any physical or verbal behavior intended to hurt someone or something TYPES:  Hostile: driven by anger and performed as an end in itself  Instrumental: means to achieve another goal  Symbolic: does not involve physical harm but harms the victim through gossip, character assassination, damage to property or interference with progression toward a goal  Sanctional: society finds acceptable/ mandatory WHY are people aggressive?  Nature and nurture  Lorenz: aggression is an instinct that serves as a survival technique  Freud: Hydraulic model- aggression builds with time o Catharsis: release aggression o Sublimination: channel aggression  Frustration- Aggression Theory o Dollard: aggression is always the result of frustration  REVISED: Cognitive Neoassociationist theory o People will have unpleasant experiences o Sense will be made o Feel emotion and act INSTINCT THEORIES-problems no strong evidence of build with time, cant account for cultural differences, human aggression can be controlled/ delayed BIOLOGICAL CAUSES:  Brain  Genetic  Biochemical NURTURE (learning) Importance of learning: cultural differences- men in MW versus South Social Learning Theory  Most aggressive responses are learned o Bandura: we learn aggressive behavior by observing and imitating o Bobo doll study Other evidence… watching violence does make people slightly more aggressive backed by correlation studies  Leads to imitation  Increase in arousal in viewers  Desensitizes people through repeated exposure  Inaccurate view of the world !!!What can be done to reduce violence? Factors harsher laws, crime patrol, legalized abortion, aging population **Education addresses the image of toughness


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