Week 10 Notes- Intro to Comp Politics
Week 10 Notes- Intro to Comp Politics PSCI 2012-100
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Molly Mortimer on Sunday November 1, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSCI 2012-100 at University of Colorado at Boulder taught by Dr. Andy Baker in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 39 views. For similar materials see Intro to Comparative Politics in Political Science at University of Colorado at Boulder.
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Date Created: 11/01/15
Monday October 26 2015 Intro to Comp Politics Week 10 Global Development and Underdevelopment What A Example Dharavi Mumbai India 1 Largest slum in Asia dirt roads open sewage illegal electricity no running water B Defining Third World or Developing Countries or Less Developed Countries 1 Third World refers to a political ideology communism during the Cold War not economics but it stuck as meaning poor The developing world is very diverse all the countries are not all poor a Some countries are uppermiddle income Income is almost entirely determined by the country you re born in over anything else C Characteristics 1 Economic a Poor infrastructure roads internet sewage b Informal housingsettlements c Informal sector unregulateduntaxed economy d Primary products and laborintensive manufactures Social a Worse health outcomes high infantchild mortality rate low life expectancy b Poorer educational outcomes c Greater gender inequality d Greater ethnic fragmentation 3 Political Monday October 26 2015 a Less likely to be a democracy or shorter history of democracy b More likely to have political violence and instability c Weaker state capacity d Almost all colonized by a Western country between 1500 and 1970 some exceptions like the US D But it s getting better 1 Extremely poor less than 125 a day decreased from 52 of the world s population in 1980 to 20 today 2 Life expectancy increasing as well ll Why A Example India and the Hindu Rate of Growth 1 125 billion people will surpass China in the near future 2 Very slow economic growth overcome by population growth 3 British Raj 18571947 colonial drain extracting resources without offering anything comparable in return lndia didn t industrialize 4 Independence 1947 Partition Hindus and Muslims IndiaPakistan partition huge violence 5 Jawaharlal Nehru and Indira Gandhi 19471984 stateled development 6 Hinduism caste system determined occupations does not lend itself to economic growth 7 The tropics diseases people concentrated in the middle of the country to keep cooler