Introduction to International Relations
Introduction to International Relations POLS 10200
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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Tobin Torp on Sunday November 1, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to POLS 10200 at University of Notre Dame taught by Susan Rosato in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see /class/232709/pols-10200-university-of-notre-dame in Political Science at University of Notre Dame.
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Date Created: 11/01/15
Iran Nuke Debate MAD Counterforce target the retaliatoryfirststrike means missiles Countervalue directly target the enemy s population Splendid first strike you have the nuclear capability to attack all your opponent s ability to retaliate against you No danger of retaliation No 2 101 strike 0 US today SDI Nuclear Triad Nuclear delivery by air by missiles and by subs StabilityInstability Paradox when there is stability at the nuclear level normal conventional attack more likely instability at that level Crisis Stability Deterrence Horizontal Proliferation Vertical Proliferation Hiroshima and Nagasaki Central Powers Triple Alliance WWI Triple Entente later called the allies WWI Allies WWII Axis WWII Franz Ferdinand Schlieffen Plan Kaiser Wilhelm Iuly Crisis 1st image explanations for WWI WWII Cold War miscalculations misperceptions leaders 2 101 image explanations for WWI WWII Cold War Cult of the Offensive Fisher Thesis myths of empire domestic systems of democracy fail to balance domestic ideologies domestic economies 3ml image explanations for WWI WWII Cold war polarity buckpassing bid for hegemony fear of rising powers Versailles treaty League of nations Operation Barbarossa invasion ofUSSR by the Nazis Significance o Realists why you shouldn t think that pap er agreements make you safe in the international system Operation sea lion planned invasion ofBR by GER Supposed to happen after the battle ofBR but GER lost Battle of ER Significance O MolotovRibbentrop pact Expression of buckpassing rus decided to bandwagon w Ger Rwanda Yugoslavia Serbia what the dissolution of Yugoslavia and ethnic civil war that followed what theory explains what happened Ethnic civil wars Explanations for civil wars elite manipulation domestic politicssecurity dilemma Elite in Rwanda Interhamwe The long peace NSC 68 Author Paul Nitze 1950 what security policy of US should be against USSR more aggressive than containment policy suggested by Kennan Advocates massive buildup covert actions What would be required for containment to work Nitze thought US needed to be even more aggressive Truman doctrine Marshall plan NATO Phases of cold war Origins Intensification ends w CMC in 1963 D tente End Game 19801989 Massive US military buildup opens arms control treaties under Reagan perestroika and glasnost George Kennan policy of containment based on military strategy and philosophy the long telegram sets up policy of containment Containment Korean war Cuban missile crisis Terrorism definitions and why ppl do itgoals ofit Lexus v olive tree freeman Lexus symbol of globalization capitalism Olive tree symbol of tradition Con ict btwn the two bc globalization has proliferated ideas against traditional way of life Terrorist tactics Key authors Waltz 0 Levels of analysis and defensive realism o Expresses argument that posen uses for nuclear proliferation I Inherently defensive source of stability in international system Posen 0 Ethnic con ict and security dilemma Realist argument regarding nuclear proliferation of Iran why it is okay if they have nuclear capability I Causal arrow comes down Elite manipulation at the top magnifies down I As opposed to ethnic strife occurring first then elite take advantage 0 Why should they have a nuclear bomb I Waltz s argument 0 Inherently defensive reasonable More prudent o Won t hand weapon off to terrorist organization 0 They could be attacked o No guarantee that group will use weapon 0 Shiite leader political leader Ayatollah and religious leaders of Iran pulled back instead of moving forward for ideological reasons 0 Disintegration of state 9 anarchy 9 security dilemma 9 ethnic warcon ict I Counterargument causal 0 Civil unresthistory of ethnic con ict 9 disintegration of state 0 Sokolski 0 We should worry about Iran I Posen responds to all of his points 0 A handoff of nuclear weapons 0 Causing nuclear proliferation in the region 0 Oil prices I Iran would use it to set prices at high level 0 Would be emboldened to support hesbollah Mearsheimer o Offensive realism o WMD USSRUS reached a level of MAD w nuclear weapons but kept building up their armories If they had already achieved MAD why did they keep doing so Offensive realism must be real Pape 0 Strategic logic of suicide terrorism Kaufman o Possibleimpossible solutions for ethnic civil wars 0 Proposes partition as a solution to ethnic civil wars Gaddis 0 Why the cold war stayed cold Justification of terrorism Oen man s terrorist is another man s freedom fighter perspective War on terrorism legitimizes it No longer a crime Violence leading to counterviolence is legitimate Tight balancing alliances btvvn states so close that if one state goes to war all must follow Credible commitments waltz once you have a nuclear weapon you can say ifyou try to overturn my state Iwill ensure your destruction not credible to say I want you to alter your behavior otherwise I ll use nuclear weapon not coercion Reasons for the long peace Structural o Bipolarity 0 States are independent not interdependent stability easier 0 Geographically separate 0 Don t trade much Domestic in uence 0 Bureaucratic states decision to engage in war difficult 0 Nuclear weapons unwilling to risk war 0 Surprise attack reconnaissance revolution bc of satellites planes that can spy on other side impossible to raise a surprise army 0 Ideological moderation not extreme ideologies mutual respect no threat 0 Superpower game rules I Never set down on paper I Both acted as ifthey were in play I Respected spheres of in uence no intervention I No direct confrontation fought through proxies I Use of nuclear weapons as last resort bc of fear of mutually assured destruction I Preferred to allow strange borders to persist rather than trying to change them 0 Ex GER border SN Korea SN Vietnam The myth of empires theory Domestic explanation ofWWII When states are captured by elites military and economic 0 Those elites are convinced that they live in scary world easy to be overthrown but they can still easily conquer other states ESSAY need empirical examples Communism v capitalism Communism inherently aggressive desires to spread Definition and significance of term for IR Know the sequence of events for Cold War and the July Crisis pre WWI Wars of expansion lead to balancing coalitions and are therefore unsuccessful Cult of offensive Domestic level explanation Know definition of terrorism Random destruction effect state s ability to Civilians must be scared go to gov39t Demonstrative no intention to hurt ppl 0 IRA setting a bomb in a pub calling pub to announce that there s a bomb Destructive want to hurt ppl Suicide sometimes demonstrative sometimes destructive sometimes both