ELECTRONIC COMMUNICATION MC 2023
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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ivory Dickens on Sunday November 1, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to MC 2023 at Oklahoma State University taught by Jordana Burson in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see /class/232807/mc-2023-oklahoma-state-university in Mass Media Communication at Oklahoma State University.
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Date Created: 11/01/15
MC 2023 Electronic Communication Final Exam Study Guide In addition to studying your midterm exam there will be up to 10 questions from the midterm on your final be prepared to answer questions on the following Aural Storytelling section I Describe how a podcast works 0 A podcast is a series of digital media files audio andor video that are released I 39 quot quot and 39 39 39 39 not J through web syndication The word podcasting became more popular than webcast in common vernacular due to the popularity of the iPod 0 Types of Audio Stories I Basic OverviewBookstory brief summary of a story that often accompanies a print or web version of a story Podcast indepth coverage of a specific subject that is often episodic I Breaking News often called in from location brief summaries of what is happening at that given moment I Radiofeatures lengthier stories on more complex subjects often use multiple subjects and sound sources Visual Storytelling section I Types of camera shot Closeup wideshot etc and what they convey o Close up shot Shows a subject s face and shoulders close enough to show subtle facial expression 0 Medium shot Shows a subject s upperbody arms and head 0 Wide shot shows an entire subject from head to toe I Types of camera movement pan tilt zoom etc 0 Pan the camera doesn t change location but rotates to the left or to the right 0 Tilt also called pitch the camera doesn t change location but rotates upward or downward 0 Boom the camera physically moves up or down 0 Dolly the camera physically moves in closer to the subject or out farther away from the subject dollyin brings the viewer physically into the scene 0 Zoom the camera s lens is adjusted to increase or decrease the camera s field of view but the camera doesn t physically move zoom in brings the scene to the viewer I Tips for making better videos from Day 19 Notes 0 Know the strengths amp limitations of your camera and shoot accordingly 0 Stabilize yourself 0 Touch the zoom and DIE not reallybut seriously though 0 Tighten up your shots 0 Shoot the action 0 Set the right white balance on your camera 0 Get close to the sound source 0 Don t go straight from the camera to YouTube 0 Cut anything that doesn t add to the story 0 Use an editing program 0 Begin your video at the start of the action 0 Use filters amp effects thoughtfully and sparingly O Filetype and compression matter The three steps of video production and what happens during each step 0 O O Preproduction Production Postproduction Rule of Thirds 180 Degree Rule 0 Rule of Thirds Divides the frame into thirds both horizontally and vertically like a tic tactoe board The points where the vertical and horizontal lines cross are aesthetically pleasing sports to place subjects It is usually best to avoid placing horizon lines exactly in the middle of a frame but above or below is cool 180 Degree Rule a cameras should be on the same side ofan imaginary lline of actionquot so as not to disorient the viewer General steps to postproduction amp things to avoid when editing 0 0 General steps to postproduction I Log amp capture your footage I Do any necessary file conversion I Watch through your footage and take notes what pieces do you immediately want to keep or discard Organize your video clips into folders or bins and decide which will have what footage Make lrough cuts of the footage you want to keep in the timeline amp start placing them in order Keep making rough cuts and arranging clips in the order to be played until you ve made it through all the footage Watch through your finished rough cut and make changes or rearrangements Tightenup your cuts so that they appear smooth and the pacing of the video improves Watch through your video several times until you re happy with the result Add any finishing touches and export your finished video in the desired format Avoid I Jump Culs your subject inexplicably changes positions from one frame to the next with no explanation as to how it go there Missing Frames there s ldead air between frames because there is too much room between cuts Breaking the 180 Degree Rule Text outside the Title Safe Area the captions or text you ve included won t be visible on ALL televisions unless it s inside the inner red box Mixing Aspect Ratios you don t want to mix 4x3 standard with 16x9 or anything in between Pick one and be consistent Editing tools in iMovie amp what they do 0 O O OO Trim allows you to select the frames of video you want to keep and then trims the rest away Split splits one segment of video into multiple segments so that you can rearrange clips in a new order Join reverse of split Clips must ve come from the same segment and be in the same order Cut removes selected segment from timeline Copy copies selected segment O 0 Paste pastes a copied segment wherever the red playback bar is on the timeline Crop amp Rotate allows you to crop the frame to a specified area and rotate it if you want I The difference between Flash and HTML5 video be able to give an example of each that we viewed in class Flash 1 PS Can only be played if Adobe Flash Player is installed on one s computer or via browser plugin Is the current standard for web video Used by Hulu YouTube Reuters Supports a limited number of video file types h264 MP4 etc Does not support chaptering menus subtitles Provides quick streamingplayback of highquality compressionless video Intends to become the new standard for web Video Is not supported by several browsers for best results use Google Chrome Hampered by a disagreement as to what file types should be allowed there are no specifically required file types as of yet Apple YouTube somewhat supported HTMLS will be promising for interactive video because it is a coded elements that can be altered and affected by other bits of code I Describe Augmented Reality 0 A type of virtual reality that aims to duplicate the world s environment in a computer An AR system generates a composite view for the user that is the combination of the real scene viewed by the user and a virtual scene generated by the computer that augments the scene with additional information I Describe how to embed a video on your blog Export your video from your software iMovie etc and upload to YouTube After it has been uploaded to YouTube copy the embed HTML code and on Wordpress paste in the 0 HTML box on a new post Website section I Be able to de ne and create a sitemap and template 0 O GO A sitemap is an organizational chart with the relationships of each page on the website I Describe how a web page works how it is read and accessed on a webserver You create a website on your computer using iWeb Dreamweaber Frontpage Publisher etc That software converts what you ve made into bits of code most CSS and HTML When you ve finished your site you quotpublishquot it by saving in on a webserver When you register a domain name for the site like ljoryisawesomecom you ll tell the registry service where to find your file This sets the Domain Name Records DNS When your DNS records are set and your site is published people can easily visit your website When they type joryisawesomecom into the browser their computer will send a request to the webserver that houses the site The computer and the webserver will quottalkquot to each other in another programming language like PHP f everything s okay no missing files etc the browser will begin reading the code and compiling the website on the user s computer screen I Name the three common web programming languages and how they re used 0 000000 0 O O I Be able HTML Hypertext Markup Language a basic programming language for creating content CSS Cascading Style Sheets describes how the website should look what fonts colors elements amp etc will be used on the site PHP allows webservers to talk to one another to quickly load pages and information like internet databases for example Know the basic HTML tags we discussed in class and how they re used ltbgt or ltstronggt Bold ltigt or ltemgt Italics ltugt underline don t underline text unless it is a hyperlink lta hrefquotwwwsitecomquotgt inserts hyperlink to page or document ltimg src jorypngquot altJorygt inserts holding space for an image ltugt unordered list bulleted list ltogt ordered list I ltligt first item in list ltblockquotegt for long quotation excerpts ltpgt defines a paragraph ltbrgt break lines in a paragraph to code a very simple website on paper like we did in class 0K Describe the web design process we talked about in class
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