AMERICAN GOVERNMENT POLS 1113
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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jared O'Keefe on Sunday November 1, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to POLS 1113 at Oklahoma State University taught by Leslie Baker in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 26 views. For similar materials see /class/232823/pols-1113-oklahoma-state-university in Political Science at Oklahoma State University.
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Date Created: 11/01/15
Study Guide for Exam 1 POSC 1113 Baker You will need an orange scantron for the exam See the bookstore for this item All notes and books need to be in your backpack Cell phones and Ipods are not permitted to be in use during the exam The exam is in our regular class room at the regular class time LectureZChapter One Questions from this chapter tend toward definitions Be sure to review all of the terms in the glossary Define the core democratic values of freedom order and equality Why and how are they often in con ict with one another What are the different types of government from totalitarianism to anarchy What do these types of governments control in the economy and the social sectors LectureZChapter Two Why did the Sugar Stamp and Coercive acts anger the colonists Why did Shay s Rebellion disturb political elites so much Articles of Confederation powers and weaknesses and how they were addressed in the Constitution What were the main goals of each of the Continental Congresses John Locke what were his philosophies about government and how did he in uence the founding of our country What are the core tenets of Social Contract Theory What are the main principles embodied in the Declaration of Independence What are the main points of the Virginia Plan New Jersey Plan and the quotGreat Compromise Who favored each of the above plans What were the core aws of the Constitution in the Antifederalists view What were the main arguments for a strong national government in Federalist 10 and 51 What is contained in each of the first 10 amendments How is the Constitution amended and how many times has it been amended Be able to define and identify examples of checks and balances separation ofpowers republicanism federalism Full Faith and Credit and privileges and immunities LectureZChapter Three How have the Supremacy clause Necessary and Proper Clause and Commerce clauses been used to define the federal and state balance of power What are the different types of federalism What causes the shift to a different form of federalism Be able to define Mandates Preemptions Restraints Full Faith and Credit GrantsinAid Exam 1 Study Guide 242011 71900 PM Politics The application of scarce values and resources deciding who gets what and when Liberty The freedoms and privileges given to the people of a country Order The amount of security given to a people Equality o All are conflicting because if a people want liberty they have to sacrifice a given amount of order andor equality and vice versa Totalitarian A form of government in which the government has complete control over it s citizens rights are given at the government s jurisdiction Anarchy The absence of established government Authoritarian Government has total control in exchange for protecting its people Libertarian Relies on the freedoms of the individual The government serves only the basic protections for a people opposite of authoritarian Le itimate Government People recognize a government s authority and role in society Direct Democracy A system of government in which political decisions are made by the people directly rather than their elected representatives probably attained most easily in small political communities Republic A form of government in which sovereignty rests with the people as opposed to a monarch Democratic Republic A republic in which representatives elected by the people make and enforce laws and policies Representative Democracy A form of government in which representatives elected by the people make and enforce laws and policies may retain the monarchy in a ceremonial role Elite Theory A perspective holding that society is ruled by a small number of people who exercise power to further their selfinterest Pluralism A theory that views politics as a conflict among interest groups Political decision making is characterized by bargaining and compromise Capitalism An economic system that is characterized by the private ownership of wealth creating assets free markets and freedom of contract Eminent Domain A power set forth in the 5th Amendment to the US Constitution that allows government to take private property for public use under the condition that just compensated is offered to the landowner Socialism Support for economic and social equality Socialists traditionally envisioned a society in which major business were taken over by the government or by employee cooperatives Communism A revolutionary variant of socialism that favors a partisan and often totalitarian dictatorship government control of all enterprises and the replacement of free markets by central planning Exam 1 Study Guide 242011 71900 PM Su ar Act Passed by the British Parliament in 1764 Colonists refused to pay the new tax Stam Act Passed in 1765 to reinforce the colonists obligation to pay government taxes It sparked the colonists anger towards no taxation without representation Coercive Act The Intolerable Acts closed all harbors and allowed British military into colonists homes without consent o Many of the newly imposed taxes violated the colonists rights under English Commonlaw However there was no written record stating the colonists rights so the monarch was able to enforce whatever he pleased o If taxes weren t paid the colonists wouldn t be given a public trial This violates English Commonlaw Shay s Rebellion o Because of The Articles of Confederation the federal government was unable to maintain peace between the colonies o Shay s Rebellion highlighted the flaws in the Articles of Confederation It also demonstrated that the central government could not protect the citizenry from armed rebellion or provide adequately for the public welfare Articles of Confederation m Organization of states with a governing body states hold the majority of power o Strengths The federal government was given the ability to draft an army tax the states and to maintain control over the states o Weaknesses National government had no enforcement mechanism severe economic downturn after the Revolutionary War no executive force controlling the federal government and states didn t often contribute to the national government First Continental Congress Colonist s first form of legislative congress o Was held at Carpenter s Hall on September 5 1774 oThe Congress passed a resolution requesting that the colonies send a petition to King George III expressing their grievances Resolutions were also passed requiring that the colonies raise their own troops and boycott British trade The British government condemned the Congress39s actions treating them as open acts of rebellion Second Continental Congress One of the main actions of the Second Congress was to establish an army It did this by declaring the militia that had gathered around Boston an army and naming George Washington as commander in chief The participants in that Congress still attempted to reach a peaceful settlement with the British Parliament John Locke s political philosophy was a more libertarian view c He believed that the government should only protect its citizens on the most basic level o Locke s political philosophy was used in the whole first part of the Declaration of Independence Social Contract Theory o People are willing to give up few freedoms to install a government that protects everyone s rights o People have the obligation to overthrow the government if the government exceeds that obligation The Declaration of Independence o Universal Truths o Natural Rights and a Social Contract Life liberty and the pursuit of happiness The Virginia Plan o Develop a system of representatives 2chamber legislature System would be based on the population of the state Representatives would be responsible for settling state disputes Officials would be elected by the people o Develop an executive branch Congress would appoint who is chosen to this branch The New Jersey Plan o Suggests that each state gets equal representation in legislative system c Develop a judicial system c Congress could regulate and impose taxes o Executive office would consist of a group of members from the Congress Executive branch decides who is appointed to the judicial branch The Great Compromise o The House of Representative s would be population based o The Senate would consist of 2 officials per state Congress would appoint the Senate o Development of the Legislative Judicial and Executive Branches were successful Connecticut Compromise AntiFederalism o Antifederalists were concerned with the president s control over the military o They were also concerned with the layering of governments o They re primary concern was the lack of a listing of the people s rights The Constitution o The first 10 amendments in the constitution state what the government can t do 10th amendment states that any power not listed in the Constitution belongs to the jurisdiction of the states o The Constitution is amended by the Legislative Centric Model National Congress proposes an amendment House and Senate vote 23 majority is required for the House and 3 is required for the Senate the president decides to either pass or veto o Constitution has been amended 27 times Terms oChecks and Balances A major principle of the American government system whereby each branch of the government can check the actions of others oSeparation of Powers The principle of dividing governmental powers among different branches of government oFederalism A system of government in which power is divided by a written constitution between a central government and regional or sub divisional governments Each level must have some domain in which its policies are dominant and some genuine constitutional guarantee of its authority oFull Faith and Credit States that if you have a contract in one state that other states have to respect it oPrivileges and Immunities Special rights and exceptions provided by the law States may not discriminate against one another s citizens Exam 1 Study Guide 242011 71900 PM Supremacv Clause Federal law supersedes any state law in a conflict oMcCuloch v Maryand Necessary and Proper Clause US Congress shall be able to do anything necessary and proper to carry out their given powers Different Types of Federalism o New Federalism under Nixon administration oStabilityCrises Dichotomy Shift to different forms of federalism fluctuate based on the state of stability of the states If the states are generally stable the federal government gives the states more power if the states are in a state of crisis the federal government steps in to take control Mandates Requirements of the states enforced by the federal government typically no money is attached Preemptions