journalism wk 3/22/16
journalism wk 3/22/16 101- Communications
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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by tanillemonica on Saturday March 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 101- Communications at Boston University taught by Tammy vigil in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 26 views. For similar materials see The World of Communication in Journalism and Mass Communications at Boston University.
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Date Created: 03/26/16
Journalism Wk. march.22.16 William McKeen Journalism - not a dying business do not confuse journalism & newspaper - Telling true stories, giving people info they need to be good people - No journalism = humans are extinct We tell stories - To know - To understand - To be aware The medium is unimportant - part of our DNA (From cave drawings>> campfire stories>> journalism) “For what reason do we exist but to make sport for our neighbors” – Jane Austen - Tell true stories: News} has no clear definition News= unexpected, cared about, and weird stories Dog bites man- not news, man bites dog= news - Journalism is always changing, twitter= great headline service - Audience is an ever-changing group of emotion - News can be manipulated Agenda Event Photo opts Senator Joe McCarthy - timed his announcements to just fit headlines - Was disastrous: facts were unchecked b/c pressed for time to make paper deadline. - Eventually caught MLK Jr - news likes conflict - demonstrations: Birmingham 1963: MLK used children in protest, Police used attacked dogs & fire hose on children - MLK used media to tell story} country was ashamed Hierarchy of News - Editors assigns reports to cover certain topics: beat reporter Editor Managing editor Wire editor Style editor Sports editor Copy editor Only conspiracy in journalism is to meet deadlines Editor take into consideration: - Oddity/weird factor - Timeliness - Proximity - Prominence (Celebs/ Status) - Conflict Journalist- need decide how to tell story: engage, make people, and make people care - Talk to people/ strangers - Writing about other people (have to care about other people) Drama seekers - Ride alongs: parachute into the lives of others} look of the drama Journalism- never know what to expect Hunter S. Thompson - book by William McKeen} breaks down the facts, investigates the story, displays the story for others >> develops full POV Journalism about people Look for drama in your life} when you care about the story+ good writing Find the story: Unlock - Have to understand others The Provost Questionnaire: The same question asked to different ppl that reveals inner self Interviewing In- person: best option On the phone: possible Writing (Email): if you have to >> keep it professional & be polite The Basics: Preparing, Interviewing, writing For interviews: - Take notes - Develop a short hand - Use one side - Use quotes Questions - What is the goal? - What is the (tentative) story? - How is this interview advancing the story? No Boring quote: quotes should say something exciting & telling in an engaging way Tips - Look in the eyes - Smile - Listen actively Active listening - Encouraging - Restating - Reflecting - Summarizing Asking/ Acting question “I was just wondering…” - No Y/N questions but questions that bring out stories & emotions Closings - “Is there something you want to say…” - “Something I may have forgotten to say...” - “Who could tell me more…” - “Where can I reach you while need clarification…” Your best story- maybe the one you’ve been carrying around w/ you all your life March.24.2016 History of journalism - American journalism began in Boston >> a hand-me-down culture} everything about our society is inherited from somewhere else Chinese Printing Press (PP) was created before Gutenberg’s PP Everything inherited for ex: Free Speech from England - English Printer: John Twin - Published the _ of the _ of the public} did not write only printed>> refused to identify writer} was tortured & killed painfully & slowly Published by authority} govt approved Areopagitica: written by John Maton- did not send writing to be approved by govt Mass COM} PP- Gutenberg’s version John Lock - free speech= natural right - Came to America b/c they wanted something different – was dissatisfied st Wasn’t too long until 1 newspaper st America’s 1 newspaper= Publick Occurrences} went out of business after one issue – govt shut down - Callback} free speech could make people think>> writer became pharmacist 2nd newspaper: in Boston} published by authority Ben Franklin Helped older brother print/ create Americas 1 great newspaper- Not published by authority) - They defined what journalism would be Franklins made fun of other _ commoners One targeted commoners went to governor >> governor laughed @ them >> franklins made fun of governor>> governor= upset shuts down paper>> Ben fled to Pennsylvania John Peter Zenger - NY Printer - Hired by two employees of the governor to print a newspaper( np) that criticized the governor for them anonymously - Governor: Bill Cosby - Only name found on np was Zenger’s>> Zenger takes the heat - Zenger became hero to journalist - Zenger charged w/ Libel- in some way, shape, & form must prove written hatred, ridicule, & or contempt - 2 anon employees resign when Zenger is charged & were disbarred by governor >> hired lawyer: Alexander Hamilton, for Zenger >> Zenger acquitted - Alexander Hamilton: if what he says if true why is he to be punished for speaking truth Thomas Paine - Civil servant>> Pirate>> Journalist: by networking - His ideas on what we had to fix for the future End slavery Emancipation of women Abolish dueling Prevention of animal cruelty Equitable divorce law Copyright laws Commonsense – originally published anon -written by Paine: Inspired a revolution Paine w/ G. Washington - Paine joined the army: lousy solider} sent to write >> wrote: the American Crisis The Green Dragon Tavern: A bar where they wrote Samuel Adams also a journalism After Revolution Dark ages of journalism Info have V. Info have nots Those who have the info: news aimed at a narrow demographic (rich & powerful) 1833: The Sun (NY) - Np before only available on a yearly subscription & size: huge - The Sun: Daily sale & travel size & 1 cent Penny press era: info open to new people Literacy up>> no= stories of everyday ppl} demand for the gossip Reason to learn how to read The have nots now have Before The Sun nps were all about shipping, trading, etc} no interest Made price of citizenship= 1 cent Horace Greenley: NP=chance to educate - Originally developed the concept of the penny press but failed Idea: Abolish slavery } HG was a household name made Abraham Lincoln a household names 1920s Muckrackers Jacobs Riis - from Denmark>> homeless>> journalist - learned photographer - brought awareness to poverty, homeless, & poor on NY streets Lincoln Steffens - Showed evil behind fortunes Ida Tarbell ( ant-monopoly) - Attacked corrupt business Upton Sinclair - The Jungle - Health conditions exposure - Ratified the concept of public health - President Roosevelt invited Sinclair to White House Previously no regulation David Graham Phillps - Found corruption & treachery Lewis Hine - Crusaded on behalf of children - Child labor exposure Journalism brought war home through photography st - 1 photographs of dead bodies released to public The history of century= history of journalism Citizen Journalism - No $ concern - No skill or ethics} they bring biases Journalism & New media converging: engages, captures, & informs