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Basic Downhill Skiing

by: Lionel Wilkinson

Basic Downhill Skiing KINES 011

Lionel Wilkinson
Penn State
GPA 3.74

Lee Dewolski

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Lee Dewolski
Class Notes
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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lionel Wilkinson on Sunday November 1, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to KINES 011 at Pennsylvania State University taught by Lee Dewolski in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see /class/232994/kines-011-pennsylvania-state-university in Kinesiology at Pennsylvania State University.

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Date Created: 11/01/15
Name InsTrucTor DaTe of class Day of class SKIING REVIEW SHEET 1 WhaT is The ResponsibiliTy Code for skiingsnowboarding LisT each key word for The acronym CLOVERS and briefly explain each one 39 C ConTrol ski or ride in conTrol aT all Time 39 L LifT know how To load ride and unload 39 O OverTaking when overTaking anoTher skier heshe has The righT of way 39 V Visible if sTopping on a slope or Trail sTop in a visible place 39 E Emerging sTop and yield To oncoming Traffic when emerging onTo anoTher slope 39 R ResTrainTs skis or snowboards should be equipped wiTh brakes or oTher resTraining devices 39 S Signs obey all posTed signs 2 LisT and define each of The four skills in skiing 39 Balance Occurs when all forces are in equilibrium 39 RoTary sTeering Skier uses muscles To guide feeTskis in The desired direcTion 39 Pressure managemenTconTrol Managing The pressure of The skis on snow by flexing exTending or Transferring pressure from one ski To anoTher 39 Edging Using The JoinTs of The body To increase or decrease The edge angle of The skis on The snow 3 WhaT are The componenTs of a balanced sTance 39 FeeT are shoulderwidTh aparT 39 Upper body is quieT hands are forward 39 Ankle and knees are flexed ankle JoinT is mosT imporTanT JoinT in skiing 39 WeighT is balanced on whole fooT 39 AThleTic sTance 4s 1 Why is a balanced sTance imporTanT when skiing Give aT leasT 2 reasons 39 A balanced sTance keeps The whole ski in conTacT wiTh The snow for improved ski performance 39 A balanced sTance allows a skier To mainTain equilibrium in varied Terrain and snow condiTions 39 A balanced sTance allows The skier To move efficienle inTo The new Turn Where do Turning movemenTs originaTe whaT parT of The body Why is iT imporTanT ThaT They do so 39 Turning movemenTs should originaTe in The feeT and legs noT The upper body 39 Turning movemenTs need To sTarT in The feeT and legs because iT produces a more direcT Turn enTry and is Thus more efficienT How do skiers puT Their skis on edge By angulaTing creaTing angles in ankles knees and hips 39 WhaT are opposing edges The inside edges of your skis as you look down on Them 39 WhaT are corresponding edges The same edges of your skis boTh lefT edges or boTh righT edges as you look down aT your skis WhaT is The difference beTween a carved Turn and a skidded Turn In a carved Turn The skis do noT slip move sideways or skid move forward and sideways simulTaneously In oTher words any given poinT on The ski passes Through The same poinT on The snow In a skidded Turn The skis slip or skid aT some poinT in The Turn 39 WhaT 2 adjecTives should describe our edging ThroughouT The Turn SmooTh and progressive WhaT is pressure conTrol or pressure managemenT 39 Pressure conTrol movemenTs are movemenTs ThaT creaTe mainTain reduce or redirecT The pressure of The skis on The snow achieved Through leverage exTension flexion and Transfer of pressure from ski To ski 39 How do you pressure a ski i Leverage pressure fore and afT ii ExTension opening ajoinT iii Transfer of pressure from one ski To anoTher 39 How do you release pressure on a ski i Flexion closing ajoinT ii Transfer of pressure off one ski and onTo anoTher 39 How does The pressure on your ouTside and inside ski change ThroughouT your Turn AT Turn iniTiaTion a skier Transfers pressure onTo The new ouTside ski and The inside ski becomes lighT AT The sTarT of The nexT Turn The skier Transfers pressure onTo The new ouTside ski The inside ski from The previous Turn and The new inside ski The ouTside ski from The previous Turn becomes lighT 9 Define The following Terms 39 Traverse A Traverse involves moving across The hill wiThouT any movemenT downhill wiThouT crossing The fall line 39 Fall line The fall line is The paTh of easT resisTance down The hi 39 Sideslipping Sideslipping means moving your skis sideways down The fall line 39 Moguls Moguls are mounds of snow ThaT are creaTed by people skiing in The same paTh 10 WhaT is a wedge Turn and why is using a wedge advanTageous in learning To ski A wedge Turn is a Turn on opposing edges wiTh The Tips of The skis closer TogeTher Than The Tails Using a wedge is advanTageous in learning To ski because 39 One ski is already poinTed in The direcTion of The nexT Turn 39 The skier39s cenTer of mass is beTween Their base of supporT 39 Opposing edges help The skier slow down when moving on The snow 11 WhaT is a wedge chrisTy Turn Explain boTh Turn iniTiaTion and Turn compleTion WhaT level of skiers uTilize This Turn 39 A wedge chrisTy begins wiTh a wedge skier is on opposing edges buT aT some poinT during The Turn The skis maTch or become parallel skier is on corresponding edges 39 MaTching your skis means ThaT They are parallel and have The same edge angle 39 Skiers who ski on inTermediaTe slopes marked by a blue square generally uTilize wedge chrisTies 12 WhaT is a parallel Turn WhaT kind of skiers uTilize This Turn 39 In a parallel Turn The skis remain parallel ThroughouT The Turn from The Turn iniTiaTion To The Turn compleTion 39 Advanced skiers generally uTilize This Turn people who ski on advanced blue Through black diamond Terrain 13 WhaT is Turn shape and why is iT imporTanT when skiing 39 Turn shape is The resulT of The parTicular blend of skills ThaT a skier applies And ideal Turn shape is a quotCquot wiTh a slighT hook aT The end 39 Turn shape is imporTanT for conTrolling speed An appropriaTe Turn shape will allow a skier To conTrol speed regardless of The Terrain 14 Draw a ski Label The waisT Tip Tail and shovel 15 When you buy or renT skis They adjusT The binding To a specific DIN seTTing WhaT 3 facTors affecT your personal DIN seTTing Why is H imporTanT To have The correcT DIN seTTing 39 The DIN seTTing is based on a skier39s heighT weighT and abiliTy 39 A correcT DIN seTTing is imporTanT so ThaT a ski will release when a cerTain amounT of force is applied To The binding Thus keeping The skier from being injured 16 WhaT is a ski39s camber How do you decamber a ski WhaT happens when you reverse a ski39s camber and Tip H on iTs edge 39 Camber When a ski is resTing on a flaT surface only The Tip and Tail will Touch The waisT will noT Touch The surface 39 A skier decambers a ski by sTanding on iT or pressuring iT This movemenT disTribuTes pressure evenly along The ski 39 When you reverse a ski39s camber and Tip iT on edge while moving iT will TURN 17 WhaT is a ski39s flex How does The flex of a ski for a beginner differ from The flex of a ski for a more advanced skier 39 Flex is The ski39s abiliTy To bend along iTs lengTh 39 A beginner ski is sofTer meaning ThaT iT has more flex A more advanced skier has a sTiffer ski one wiTh less flex 18 WhaT is sidecuT How does more or less sidecuT affecT The radius of a Turn 39 SidecuT is The hourglass shape of The ski The ski is wider aT The Tip and Tail and more narrow aT The waisT 39 A ski wiTh more sidecuT will have a shorTer Turning radius meaning ThaT The ski will Turn more quickly when puT on edge 19 WhaT facTors should a skier consider when choosing The following equipmenT 39 AppropriaTe flex skis for beginners should have more flex also known as a sofTer ski Skis for more advanced skiers should have less flex also known as a sTiffer ski 39 AppropriaTe lengTh skis are measured in cenTimeTers In an experienced skier The ski Tip should be beTween chin and nose heighT when you sTand The skis on Their Tails Less advanced skiers may have shorTer skis while They are learning To improve Their skiing 39 AppropriaTe shape skis are being made now wiTh more sidecuT more of a difference beTween The Tip and waisT and waisT and Tail 39 Ski Type Some skis are made specifically for longer or shorTer radius Turns An allmounTain ski will enable a skier To ski all kinds of Turns on all kinds of Terrain BooTs 39 BooTs should be a 4buckle fronTenTry booT RearenTry booTs Tend To have fewer adjusTmenTs and do noT promoTe a good balanced sTance 39 Flex you should be able To flex your booTs regardless of The level aT which you ski In general booTs for beginners are more flexible and booTs for more advanced skiers are less flexible 39 BooTs should be comforTable and fiT correchy Bindings 39 The DIN seTTing is a number ThaT indicaTes aT whaT poinT your bindings will release Your DIN seTTing is based on your heighT weighT and skier abiliTy Lower DIN seTTings are for people who are shorTer lighTer andor less experienced Higher DIN seTTings are for people who are Taller heavier andor more experienced When buying bindings The DIN seTTing should fall in The middle of The range of The bindings For insTance if your DIN seTTing is a 6 The range of your binding should be approximaTely 39 39 Ease of use iT should be easy for you To puT on and remove your skis wiTh The bindings ThaT you choose 39 CenTered on ski your binding should be cenTered on your ski Be especially careful of This if you are buying used equipmenT 20 You have fallen and need To hike several feeT up The hill To reTrieve a losT glove Name 2 ways To geT back up The hill while on skis 39 SidesTep 39 Herringbone


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