Week 10, notes on Hinduism
Week 10, notes on Hinduism Phil 111
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Trevor Meed on Sunday November 1, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Phil 111 at St. Cloud State University taught by Dr. Jordan Curnutt in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 50 views. For similar materials see Multicultural Philosophy (Diversity) in PHIL-Philosophy at St. Cloud State University.
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Date Created: 11/01/15
Study group notes week 10 Intro to Hinduism -What is Hinduism? The Sanskrit word ‘Sindhu’, refers to the Indus river From ‘Sindhu’, Persians coined term ‘Hindu’, to refer to people living in Indus river valley ‘Cradle of Indian civilization’ Hinduism is name of religion for people in India, no doctrine that constitutes Hinduism. No single unified religious body AUM symbol in Sanskrit for Hinduism Sanatana Dharma. ‘eternal’ Dharma no exact equivalent in our language but is like ‘religion’ or ‘law’. It is Sacred literature of India Dharma is not a single book but a vast array of books The Vedas, is a category for the sacred texts, starts with ‘The Rig Veda’: Written 1600- 1200 BCE, this writes on life of human-like gods and there activities The Upanishads, were written over 100 years and the last moves into a new perspective, a monotheistic view, written 600-200 BCE th Shankara, a school founded on ‘Hindu’ philosophy, 9 century AD/CE; this was founded on the book Upanishads, category Vedas, the school is called Vedanta, ‘end of the Vedas’ ‘Crest Jewel of Discrimination’ Shankara There are 4 qualifications to reach Attainment, and it requires the knowledge of Atman and Brahman 1. Discrimination: ability to tell the difference between, the Real- eternal and permanent- Brahman, -from the unreal, which is ephemeral and temporary – the universe 2. Renunciation: Give up sensual pleasure and desires, desire of the body 3. Six treasures of virtue: various practice to cultivate mental discipline and detachment, must be able to endure pain and discomfort, have faith to believe in teachings of the master and from the ‘Upanishad’ 4. Long for liberation: free from ignorane, knowledge of true self: the ultimate reality of self ‘Devotion’ is the supreme means to liberation. Pure knowledge of the Atman - Who are you? What is the self? Liberation from what? What is Atman? Brahman? Atman = cannot truly be defined, in Sanskrit it means ‘self’ or ‘soul’ ; the ‘self-existent reality’ ‘its nature is eternal consciousness’ it knows all things and as a pure consciousness ‘supreme being’ is an eternal flame in the human heart ‘witness of the three states of consciousness 1. Waking consciousness: perceive objects outside us and feel emotions towards them 2. Dream consciousness: perceive objects and feel desires or aversions, but we have turned inward, looking inside ourselves. Experience our own mind 3. Dreamless consciousness: objects vanish and we experience bliss, but we are still self- aware of ourselves being something 4. Ascend to ‘pure consciousness:’ beyond dreamless state, is the ultimate state of awareness is consciousness with no object of consciousness, this state is the Atman. Know the Atman as the real I The mind mistake unreal thinking unreal is real result Ignorance rope bondage death Body birth & death Ignorance chains us to the world: trapped in endless cycle of ‘karma-samsara’ Karma: ‘action’ produce energy that dissipates into later good or bad things Samsara: ‘wandering’ the moving of a soul from one body to next, decided by karma, this is an endless cycle. The goal is to escape from it
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