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Introduction to Abnormal Psychology

by: Ms. Olin Runte

Introduction to Abnormal Psychology PSYCH 270

Marketplace > Pennsylvania State University > Psychlogy > PSYCH 270 > Introduction to Abnormal Psychology
Ms. Olin Runte
Penn State
GPA 3.73


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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ms. Olin Runte on Sunday November 1, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSYCH 270 at Pennsylvania State University taught by Castonguay in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 30 views. For similar materials see /class/233082/psych-270-pennsylvania-state-university in Psychlogy at Pennsylvania State University.

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Date Created: 11/01/15
103 DEPRESSION Unipolar one type of emotions that is particularly distressed Has more disastrous negative impact on your life than major chronic medical conditions like cancer Symptomatology epressed mood generally sad not very excited about life feel as if life is a burden if you ask them how they feel miserable not really getting a lot of joy from life diminished interest or pleasure in things that would typically get them going hobbies work relationships nd it dif cult to motivate themselves weight loss or weight gain without intention one of the somatic symptoms is a uctuation in weight majority lose weight weight gain is atypical rare insomnia or hypersomnia wake up very early in the morning even if they don t want to or nd themselves wanting to sleep a lot sleep more than they typically need psychomotor agitation or retardation trembling or be very slow to act fatigue or loss of energy no matter how much they sleep feelings of worthlessness or guilt not worthy of attention or respect based on things there are no evidence for guilt or shame for things most people would not feel for not worth attentionaifection whatever they are doing is not worthwhile guilt or shame about what they have done or failed to do difficulty concentrating want to do something want to study but their mind goes off issue of dif culty of focusing on what they should bewant to be doing recurrent thoughts of death thoughtsintentions about dying or committing suicide irritability are irritated by peoplethings and angry people are irritated by them so people are angry and hostile towards them DO NOT NEED TO MEET ALL OF THESE TO BE DIAGNOSED Clinical Features Suicide 0 Have ideas intentions thoughts or plans of suicide up to 15 of people who meet criteria of depression will attempt or commit serious attempts of suicide 0 Very dif cult to predict who willwill not commit suicide Higher risks I Individuals with psychotic features delusions hallucinations loss of contact with reality 0 O O Health 0 000 O O O O O O I History of previous attempts becomes less of a big deal engage in behaviors that will increase your probability to commit suicide Family history of completed suicide some studies show that family history of depression higher risk for you 39 abuse A A J 39 39 A with abuse is dangerous when people intake alcohol lose focus on things that they should not be doing become more risk oriented may due things in the state of drunkenness that they would not do sober 1 Occupational and Social factors Reduction of work performance unemployment Severe impairment in relationships recreational activities and overall satisfaction with life people will report these reductions and problems in their social lives commitment to activities they find pleasurable even when they have recovered from depression in other words depression is not only very distressing dangerous but your life will actually change you will be less positive about life less engaged factors Increased utilization of medical services more frequent visits to physicians more emergency room visits Premature death from general medical conditions Increased pain and illness describe higher level of pain Poor prognostic for medical problems cure for illnesses is much worse for eX someone dealing with cancer or diabetes if they suffer from depression will decrease the likelihood that they will benefit from medical treatment will be severely less Health implications are especially important for older individuals people over 55 and have depression are 4X at risk for dying than those not depressed elderly brought to nursing homes ask if going there is creating depression Prevalence Most commonly treated condition most patients will come primarily for depression or will be part of problem Lifetime Women 10251 in 4 Men 512 More prevalent for women data is showing that the way men and women deal with stress is very different when men deal with stress they get mad aggressive extemalize but when women are stressed they internalize and ruminate turn things around against themselves Not related to income education or ethnicity the manifestations of depression may however be different for people of different ethnicity for example Asians report more somatic symptoms Risk for depression as increased tenfold since 1945 this generation is 10X more likely to have depression than grandparents great grandparents may be due to the fact that back then depression was more taboo Onset Mid 20s Decreasing recently people are experiencing depression younger and younger more severe and longer depressions Course Chronicity 50 of people who are depressed NOW will still be depressed one year from now 40 will still be depressed 2 years from now do not assume things will just go away


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