Week 1-2 Lecture Notes
Week 1-2 Lecture Notes SOC-S100
Popular in SOC-S100
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Sociology
This 11 page Class Notes was uploaded by Maddie Franciskovich on Thursday January 22, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOC-S100 at Indiana University taught by Peter Lista in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 166 views. For similar materials see SOC-S100 in Sociology at Indiana University.
Reviews for Week 1-2 Lecture Notes
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 01/22/15
Intro Sociology Social Institutions Week 1 12215 633 PM I SOCIOLOGY A the study of people human social life groups and societies 1 group of people involved in persistent relationships that share a common culture identity 2 enduring patterns of social behavior that are equally emergent from and determinant of individual ac on 3 capacity of individuals to act and the choices we make B WEEKS 26 1 systems of norms organized around the presentation of values 6 WEEKS 712 1 unequal opportunities and rewards for different social positions of statuses in a society STUDYING SOCIOLOGY 1 C Wright Mills a The application of imaginative thought to the asking and of sociological questions Someone using the sociological imagination thinks himself away from the familiar routines of daily lifequot E Also the ability to look past individual actions to understand the relationship between both individual agency and social structure 2 Pierre Bourdieu a The difficulty in sociology is to manage to think in a completely astonished and disconcerted way about things you thought you had always understood B 1 people n the study of human behavior in contexts of face to face interactions 0 self one on one interaction 2 societies The study of large scale groups organizations or social systems a Social structures and institutions examine large scale patterns 3 groups I indicates a population size that falls between the micro and macro levels such as a community or an organization Wikipedia 2014 n investigate groups 4 What types of sociological questions are best answered at each of these three levels of analysis Macro Study the ethnicalracial inequality in the educational system study of globalization Micro nervous habits in an interview Mesa 9 how childrens clubs are organized norms of behaviors in workplaces differs between jobs C Sociological Research Methods a the systematic empirical investigation of social phenomena via statistical mathematical or numerical data or computational techniques wiki 2014 a aim to gather an in depth understanding of human behavior and the reasons that govern such behavior and investigates the why and how of decision making not just what where 3 What methods do sociologists use a Micro meso U BoTh quoliTy ond quonTiTy o How long if Tokes To press 0 buTTon lnTerprerTion of d resume 4 WhoT oTher Types of sociological meThods o n microquoliToTive b n sTudy of group movemenTs 9 quoTiTymdcro 0 n mdcroquoliTy n Tronscrist of orgdnioniondl meeTings sTudy bilows of frde or sororiTies over Time dnd see how They ore differenT 9 n Mdcro micro quonTiTy a Look of peoples friends on fdcebook friends of friends and how They ore connecTed SOCIOLOGICAL THEORIES A Morx 18181883 1 STudied cldss conflicT dnd indusTridlionion in England 2 ConTrol over scorce economic resources resulTs in conflicT beTween people dnd groups wiThin socieTy a Profariof worllter selling labor for d pdycheck b Boowazee eliTe c ExplodeTion leods To closs conflicT which in Turn resulTs in socidl chdnge d HisTory is The resulT of closs conflicT B Max Weber 18641920 1 STudied copiTolism in The US The rise bureducrdcy 2 refers To The replacemenT of TradiTion and moral values as moTivaTors of acTion for raTional moTivaTions a Values and ideas as opposed To maTerial resources ie Marx drive social change C Theory Emile Durkeim 1 The TaTher of modern sociology 2 social evenTs can besT be explained in Terms of The TuncTions They perform The conTribuTions They make To socieTy 0 organic solidarity n SocieTy is reinforced by The inTerconnecTedness of iTs componenT parTs When a socieTy is TuncTioning as a whole There b mechanical solidarity n refers To socieTies ThaT are homogeneous 0 ex hunTer gaTherer D Herbert Blumer 1 A major conTribuTor To a emphasizes role of symbols and language as core elemenTs of all human inTeracTion b Meaning in a social producT and is noT inherenT in Things Thus meaning is creaTed only Through your inTeracTions wiTh oThers c We acT Towards Things and oTher people on The basis of The meanings They have for Them E How are These similardifferenT WhaT social phenomenon does each Try To explain 1 Weber meso 2 Symbolic inTeracTional micro 3 ConflicT Theory conflicT in socieTy 4 FuncTionalisT cohesion in socieTy Cultural consumption good that YOU consume Private troubles to public issues CULTURE Week 2 12215 633 PM I WHAT IS CULTURE A the values norms and material goods characteristic of a given group of people 1 Examples think of group you could be a part of aspects a Hoosiers wear candy stripes red and white tailgate cheers b Sororityfrat wear letters philanthropy tailgaltes rushpledge B DIMENTIONS OF CULTURE 1 a ideas held by individuals or groups about what is desirable proper good bad or what is moral i Ex being honest in relationship working hard at sports practice prestige education 2 a rules of conduct that specify appropriate behavior in a given range or social situations i ex brushing teeth in the morning standing backwards in the elevator etiquette b TYPES OF NORMS 0 Standards of behavior that are socially approved but that are not morally significant aka customs Strict norms that control moral and ethical behavior violations of mores are offensive and often sanctioned Behavior that is prohibited or forbidden by social custom 0 Ex sex with siblings o A system of rules that regulate the actions of a community enforced by its social institutions a The physical objects that a society creates that influence the ways in which people live i Ex candy stripes football jersey 4 a Objects that represent stand for or suggest another i Ex 0 a flag symbolizes nation 0 reading lowbrow country music highbrowdesigner brands b is one which has the same meaning for both the person displayingego the symbol and the person receiving the symbolalter i Shared amongst groups of societies 5 a A system of symbols that represent objects and abstract thoughts the primary vehicle of meaning in a society C REMEMBER DURKEIM 1 Elementary Forms of Religious Life a religion acts as a mechanism for social cohesion and control 2 Material culture and Norms a objects i inspire attitudes of awe or reverence among believersquot b objects i belong to the mundane everyday worldquot IICULTURAL CAPITAL A Pierre Bourdieu 19302002 1 French Sociologist 2 Studied the intersection of culture and social class B ability to appreciate and engage in certain lifestyles and the elements of those lifestyles Bourdieu 1 Four types i Control over economic resources i Who you know i Availability of resources to someone based on prestigehonor holds value in culture 2 Three forms i consciousy acquired and the passivey inherited properties of one s self Wiki 0 Ex language communication is acquired over time learned from surrounding culture i consists of physical objects that are owned such as scientific instruments or works of art These cultural goods can be transmitted both for economic profit as by buying and selling them with regard only to others willingness to pay and for the purpose of symbolically conveying the cultural capital whose acquisition they facilitate Wiki I consists of institutional recognition most often in the form of academic credentials or qualifications of the cultural capital held by an individual This concept plays its most prominent role in the labor market in which it allows a wide array of cultural capital to be expressed in a single qualitative and quantitative measurement Wiki C Examples in Readings 1 Lo Heads Wasps and Hipsters Lo Heads WASPs and Hipsters all take cultural objects and symbols and establish social boundaries i How does cultural capital reinforce these social boundaries 0 Makes certain resources available to certain groups and unavailable to others 0 Cultural capital is based on the things you know 0 Example how to ask someone for help from a teacher versus someone who might be of a different culture who does not understand how to go about askingseeking for help ii Taste is not stable and peaceful but a means of strategy and competition Those superior in wealth use it to pretend they are superior in spiritquot Mark Greif El D Cultural Omnivores Richard Peterson American Cultural Sociologist 1 signifies an openness to appreciating everything it is antithetical to snobbishness which is based fundamentally on rigid rules ofquot 2 Shift from Snob to Omnivore a b c Structural change makes cultural exclusion difficult Value change leads to greater tolerance ArtWorld change gave value to nonelite art that had previously been underrepresented Generational politics meant new more liberal audiences e StatusGroup politics lead to the inclusion of popular culture within elite culture E African American Vernacular English 1 TwoOrigin Hypothesis a Slave Creole and American Creole b British English dialects better supported c Something inbetween most likely 2 Connection to Standard English a Shares common grammar and vocabulary b Strong similarities to Southern US dialects c Introduces new words into Standard English i YamGumbo BogusHip CatCoolDig Conflict Theory upper class won because they control of most of the I39CSOLII39CCS Functionalist Theory Symbolic Interactionalism how the groups derived meaning of the symbol of the language 9 upper class thought it symbolized the lower class Rationalization using AAVE made the teachings more efficient because it 12215 633 PM
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'