Interests, Interactions, and Institutions- Part 2
Interests, Interactions, and Institutions- Part 2 PSC 204- Dr. Chyzh
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Erica Kugler on Thursday January 22, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSC 204- Dr. Chyzh at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Dr. Chyzh in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 199 views. For similar materials see International Relations in Political Science at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 01/22/15
Interests Interactions Institutions Interests Interactions and Institutions Part 2 0 Development of Internatl Rel theory 0 Identify the actors and their interests powersecurity economic ideological 0 Identify the interactions between actors I Cooperation an actor benefits while the other is not harmed I Bargaining an actor benefits at the expense of the other actor o Bargaining similar to the quotPrisoner s Dilemma o Analyze possible outcomes of different scenarios I Choose scenario where you reap the most benefit 0 Operate with own selfinterest in mind 0 3 obstacles to cooperation o Competing incentives I Prisoners Dilemma 0 Collaboration I Work together toward a goal bc wo working together the goal can t be reached I Stag vs Hare Hunt 0 Hunters can either work together to get the stag and thus more meat or they can hunt individually and 1 only get the hare and thus less meat or 2 try to get the stag but harder if only one person I Public Goods Problem 0 Public goods nonrivalrous and nonexclusive 0 Everyone wants the good but no one wants to provide it 0 People want to freeride o Convince ppl that all must invest in the good in order to benefit from it o Ie ppl must pay taxes so that the govt can build the good 0 Coordination I Standardize actions and rules to avoid conflict 0 Factors that facilitate cooperation 0 Number and size of actors I Fewer actors more cooperation I Larger actors among small actors larger actor has more resources and more likely have money to contribute to achieving the goal 0 Information I The more information that is available the more likely cooperation will occur I Bad info misconceptions and uncertainty cooperation less likely o Iteration repeated action can prevent inaction I Allying with a country for a long time helps foster further allystatus cooperation 0 Linkage cooperation on one issue is contingent on cooperation on other issues I Ex cooperation on energy emission levels tied to reducing weapons stockpiles o WinnerLoser in Bargaining 0 Power ability of A to get B to do something B would otherwise not do I Power is tangible guns and intangible intelligence I More power an actor has more it can expect to get more out of other actors o Reversion outcome outcome when more bargain is reached I Threat of rev out Serves to influence power and outcome of bargaining 0 Better to get something than nothing at all I Bargaining power belongs to actors most satisfied w or more willing to endure the rev outcome 0 Countries who will not really be hurt by rev out hold sway over bargaining negotiations 0 Ways to shift Rev Outcome I Coercion o threat or imposition of costs on others to change their behavior and reduce value of rev outcome I Outside options 0 gives actors the ability to get better deals via alternatives I AgendaSetting Power 0 Actions taken before bargaining to make rev outcome more favorable to one party 0 Largedominant powers use influence to guide agenda of something 0 Institutions gt set of rules that structure political interactions 0 Help facilitate cooperation via enforcement I Set standards of behavior 0 Reduce ambiguitymisunderstanding I Verify compliance 0 Inspections or rely on countries selfreporting I Reduce cost ofjoint decisionmaking 0 Provide a plan for actors to come together I Resolve disputes o Uphold compliances preventresolve ambiguities 0 Benefits of institutions I Not everyone benefits I Institutions are product of cooperation and bargaining among actors I Institutions often have policy biases favoring the strong countries at the time of the institutions inception 0 Ex UN Sec Council made of quotthe Big Five 0 Why follow institution s rules I 2 reasons for compliance with institutions 0 They facilitate cooperation o Maintaining the same institution is less costly than creating a new one
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