Family and Delinquency
Family and Delinquency SOCIOL 4511
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by ehoy32 on Saturday March 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOCIOL 4511 at Ohio State University taught by Dana Haynie, Emily Shrider in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Juvenile Delinquency in Sociology at Ohio State University.
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Date Created: 03/26/16
Chap 7 – The Family and Delinquency 3/8/2016 Why is it important to consider the role of the family when thinking about delinquency? We are bombarded in the news with appalling cases of abuse and violence occurring by and within families (news stories 2015) o Jhessye Shockley Case o Adrian Peterson charged with child abuse o Lifelong Effects of Trauma? Family dysfunction – key factor in long term social problems Four major aspects of family, influence delinquency o Family structure (family breakup) o Quality of family relationships (conflict, abuse) Witnessing abuse is just as traumatic o Parental deviance or crime Involved in delinquent activities – drug use o Parental socialization (poor parenting skills) The Changing American Family Many changes over past 50 years o What has changed? More women are working (about 2/3) Divorce rates are a lot higher (about 50% will end in divorce) More interracial families One parent homes are on the rise More same-sex families Family makeup o 40-50% of marriages end in divorce o Waiting longer to marry (women 27, men 29) o Having fewer kids o Single-parent homes more common (27% of children) Different among racial/ethnic groups o May transition among many different family structures o Same-sex couple families Child care o 3/4 of mothers with school-aged children work o 60% of children receive child care on regular basis o Wide range in quality – 90% underground and not registered High quality preschool type care to parent caring for up to 9 infants in a home Economic Stress o 6 million youth live in poverty o Less government aid to at risk children/families If father is released from prison and moves back in for the family, they are no longer eligible for welfare because of his felony record o Home foreclosures/poor housing options Family Structure Decline of marriage? o Have been declining over time o Especially true for African American men and women Race and marriage (racial differences in family makeup) o 61% Hispanic children live with 2 parents o 75% white children live with 2 parents o 35% black children live with 2 parents Teen Moms Teenage birthrate has steadily been declining o Why? More access to contraceptives More awareness of the effects More than 90% of teens who give birth are unmarried Military Families and Raising Children How does being in the military increase difficulties of raising children? o Yes, you have two parents, but one isn’t around a lot o Lots of moving around o Strict households o Unknown length of deployment Family Breakup 3/10/2016 Family breakup: home in which one or both parents are absent due to divorce or separation o Children who experience family breakup more likely to display behavior problems Blended families: nuclear families that are product of divorce and remarriage o Less stable than intact families The Effects of Divorce Children who grow up with one parent absent are: o Less likely to finish high school and attend college o Less likely to find and keep a steady job o More likely to become teen parents o More likely to engage in delinquency Boys more affected by post-divorce absence of fathers o Less problematic if fathers remain involved in children’s lives Parental conflict is worse than divorce Parental Socialization Parent-child socialization linked to delinquency: o Harsh and inconsistent punishment linked to delinquency Fair and consistent discipline reduces delinquency o Corporal punishment and delinquency link Large drop in approval but variation by race and social class o Larger families linked to increased delinquency Resource dilution Family Deviance Juvenile with a criminal parent more likely to be delinquent o Genetic factors o Substance abuse o Parenting skills o Parental absence o Stigma YouTube: Children with Incarcerated Parents Quality of Family Relationships Delinquency lower when: o Youth have close/warm relationships with parents Delinquency increases when: o Child experiences abuse o Child feels rejected by parents Can parents be too supportive? o YouTube: College Student Gets Restraining Order Against “Helicopter” Parents What about the opposite? o Foxnews.com: Authorities Investigate Parental Efficacy Parents integrate children into household while also helping children assert their individuality and regulate their own behavior o Fair and consistent discipline o Reward good behavior o Show affection and spend time together as a family Eating dinner together Family Conflict Intra-family violence: environment of discord and conflict within the family o Children growing up in dysfunctional homes often exhibit delinquency o What happens if there is domestic violence in the family? Defining Abuse and Neglect Child abuse: any physical, emotional, or sexual trauma to a child, including neglecting to give proper care and attention Neglect: passive neglect by a parent/guardian, depriving children of food, shelter, healthcare, and love Emotional abuse: constant criticism and rejection of a child Emotional neglect: inadequate nurturing, inattention to child’s emotional development or lack of concern about maladaptive behavior Abandonment: parents leave children (either for short or long duration) Sexual abuse: exploitation of children through use of sexual behaviors o Child trafficking
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