English 212 Week Two Notes
English 212 Week Two Notes Engl 212
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by randomchic12 on Saturday March 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Engl 212 at Louisiana Tech University taught by Dr. Robert Rudnicki in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 84 views. For similar materials see Introduction to American Literature in Foreign Language at Louisiana Tech University.
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Date Created: 03/26/16
1 English 212 Week Two Notes 1. Johnathan Edwards: “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God” a. Edwards believes that sinners should and will be punished by God in due time at the right moment of God’s choosing and those punished will get what they deserve. God’s in control of their fate and can choose when to send them to hell. Uses different examples, illustrations, and paints pictures in the mind that illustrates his main point, which is sinners could be sent to hell at any time but God’s hand is holding them up and keeping them out of harm’s way. 2. Red Jacket: “Reply to the Missionary Jacob Cram” a. Jacket’s response to Jacob Cram’s statement that there’s only one religion and one God and if they don’t embrace it the right way then they can’t be happy. Jacket politely argues that their religion is better by pointing out flaws in the white people’s beliefs, religion, and lifestyles. Points out that the Native Americans helped them in their difficult times so they owe them and their homeland is overseas so they should go back to where they came from. At the end he states that he doesn’t want to destroy their religion but have the freedom to practice their own. 3. Tecumseh: “Speech to the Osages” a. Tecumseh’s speech delivered to Indian tribes to try to convince them all to band together and expel white people from Indian lands. Tells them it’s in their best interest if they want to survive and prosper. Says if they don’t take the opportunity to rid of the white people now then they’ll become stronger, more powerful, and harder to defeat. Once united they can conquer their enemies and live peacefully. 4. Benjamin Franklin: from The Autobiography [Part Two] a. Friends writing him letters trying to convince him to share his story of how he bettered himself/how he became so successful so it can be used as an example to future generations who want to do the same. Franklin agrees and writes the story of his life of how he went from having nothing (poor, powerless, unknown) to having it all and living the American dream (being somebody and making something his life). Says he achieved all of this by improving himself as a person and goes into detail about the process he went through to try to perfect himself (wrote a list of virtues and checked off the ones he achieved day by day). Explains that although he failed at perfection he gained happiness and future generations can too now that he shared his life story which he considered an experiment. Says that all of this is attainable because in this country you can go from a nobody who’s broke and powerless to someone who’s rich, powerful, and influential. 2 5. J. Hector St. John de Crevecoeur: from “Letters from an American Farmer” Letter III & Letter IX a. Letter III: i. Travel writing. Letters written about Crevecoeur’s encounters with people and observations of those people. Explains his definition of an American which is a person who is hard working and not of a specific ethnicity. Describes Americans as people that are a mixture of different nationalities/ethnicities (Irish, French, Scottish, etc.) that were melted together into a new race. Considers America the “melting pot” for that reason. b. Letter IX: i. Describes the location of CharlesTown and its climate. Gives his opinion of slavery which he considers to be horrible and wrong because the slaves are treated as a piece of property, have horrible living arrangements, and are looked upon and treated as animals. Describes what he considers to be a melancholy scene of how he came across a half dead slave who is in very poor condition that was trapped in a cage as punishment for killing the overseer of the plantation and how the person begs for him to kill him. 6. Thomas Jefferson: from “The Declaration of Independence” a. Shows how Jefferson originally wrote the document and the editing process it went through before it became the version we all know. The things that were removed are underlined because not everyone agreed with the wording/language he used. He also originally argued for emancipation because he believed that the evil of slavery has gone on for too long so the practice needed to end immediately. The original version serves as an interesting reminder of the long, tedious process the document underwent before its final version was agreed upon. 7. The Federalist: No. 1 [Alexander Hamilton], No. 10 [James Madison] a. No. 1 [Alexander Hamilton] i. Introduction essay written under a pseudonym in a newspaper called “The Federalist” trying to persuade people to adopt the new Constitution by arguing that it’s in their best interest for their liberty, dignity, and happiness. This is the first of many essays and it outlines what will be discussed in succeeding essays. b. No. 10 [James Madison] i. Argued that a wellconstructed union would break and control the violence of faction, which he considered to be a dangerous vice in governments. Faction: any number of citizens that are inspired by some common passions to act adversely towards the rights of other citizens. Concludes that factions can’t be removed but the effects of factions can be controlled by using checksandbalances system. 3 8. Olaudah Equiano: “The Interesting Narrative of the Life of…” a. Slave narrative. Story of a teenager living in an African village who gets kidnapped and sold into slavery. He was bought and sold many times and gives descriptions of the different masters he had, customs of the land, different languages, types of food found in the regions, etc. he encounters on his journey. He spent many months traveling the country and eventually ends up at the sea coast to be boarded on a slave ship. He describes the slave ship’s condition, sick people on the ship, and the harshness of living there. Got off of ship in Barbados and sold again. 9. Phillip Freneau: “On the Religion of Nature” a. Explains his point of view, which is that nature itself is a religion. In nature, love can be found that knows no punishment with no bounds or doctrines. Religion framed by nature could fill us all and set us free whereas religion framed by mankind is a doctrine that contains words and could be misleading or misinterpreted. Says that we should seek to find God in nature rather than from religious writings such as the bible. 10. Washington Irving: “Rip Van Winkle” a. Rip wanders into the woods one day to get alone time away from his wife and encounters a man who persuades him to have a drink of liquor with him and some others. Rip drinks the liquor and then falls into a deep sleep and doesn’t wake up until 20 years later (he wasn’t aware it was 20 years later at the time he awoke). He returns to the village to find everything has changed and that his wife is dead. Rip’s son, daughter, and other villagers recognize him though and so the villagers welcome him back home once he explains the strange tale of why he was missing so long. 11. Nathaniel Hawthorne: “My Kinsman, Major Molineux” a. 18yearold Robin arrives in the New England colony in search of his uncle. He tries to unsuccessfully ask many people of the whereabouts of his uncle only to have them avoid the question and laugh once he walks away. He wanders the streets but finally meets a man who tells him to wait at the church because his uncle will pass by soon. So he waits on the steps and while doing so he encounters a man who he has a conversation with and the man agrees to wait with him. As they wait they hear shouting that gets louder and people appear in the street. Robin realizes that his uncle is the center of the commotion because he’s covered in tar and feathers and the crowd is mocking/laughing at him. At first Robin is frozen with pity and terror but soon joins in on the laughter only to become the loudest one laughing at his uncle. After the crowd passes the man he 4 waited with tries to convince him to stay in the city, and rise in the world without his uncle’s help.
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