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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Keagan Muller on Sunday November 1, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HST296 at Miami University taught by ErikJensen in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 38 views. For similar materials see /class/233302/hst296-miami-university in History at Miami University.
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Date Created: 11/01/15
Before 1945 the world was divided by WW II During this time period most of the developed world was isolated and used more as producers of resources rather than partners in the global market After 1945 the world has become more united because the security and wealth of nations are woven together The criteria for exemplifying uni cation is that the domestic actions of one nation directly correlates with another states security and wealthThe second criteria is that domestic actions of one state are meddled with by other states on the basis of preserving wealth and security There are certain indicators throughout the twentieth century on each continent that point to the interconnectedness of states Before 1945 the developing world were colonized and used for extracting wealth but after 1945 these former colonized states have forged a bond with the western world and the emergence of client states in Asia and Africa is evidence of this In Asia The Korean War is prime example of how state security is tied into other nations After 1945 the Korean peninsula was divided into the communist north and American supported south When the North invaded the South America and the UN nations fought for the south while the Soviets and Chinese backed the north The involvement of the two opposing forces stems from the security issues For the United States the a North Korean invasion meant a definite spreading of communism that could lead to the potential takeover of Southeast Asia and potentially endanger the US On the side of the communist If the US was to win in Korea and expand towards the North this could endanger the security of China In the name of security the both superpowers and their allies become involved in the domestic policy of a little known country in Southeast Asia Even though their engagement was bloody there is no doubt that states become united under a single cause The involvement of Soviet US and United Nations into Congo politics is a prime example of the world coming together in Africa After independence from Belgium in 1960 Congo fragmented into various regions One of the regions was under the control of prime minister Patrice Lumumba In need of logistical support he called on the aid of the Soviets The Americans became suspicious therefore supported plots to kill him It finally took the effort of the United Nations to bring the nation back together This event in Congo demonstrates how nations become engaged with each other for the purposes of security The US became involved in Congo in order to halt the in uence of their main rival Soviets In the same way that Korea could threaten US security in Southeast Asia Congo in the hands of the Soviets could potentially lead to the takeover of Africa therefore affecting the security of the US The states in the UN voted to send forces into Congo so it would remain neutral and stop the country from becoming a battleground like Korea subsequently leading to security problems for the surrounding countries In Congo the military factions of the country attempted to hurt not only the county but the surrounding nations security but in South America the issue is wealth During the late 7039s and 8039s Latin America39s growth in terms of commodities prompted huge lending from western banks and governments into Latin counties Once the debt became to great for these developing nations the suspicion of default across the board rose Default would cause a huge loss to the western banks and could destroy the financial sectors of the entire west This possibility prompted IMF to step in and restructure the debt of these nations In this scenario there are two indicators of the world becoming united First the IMF in itself is an affumation that the world39s economy is so interconnected that an organization must have oversight and prevent its failure Second the mere fact that one countries error in fiscal policy can affect another is another affirmation that the wealth of nations is tied together In the same way that the IMF signifies the interconnectedness of world economies the EEC signifies the interconnectedness of European economies and furthers the claim that the world is becoming united The EEC consisted of siX states in Western Europe who formed a economic alliance to create a single market Each country raises tariffs towards the outside world while lowering tariffs between member The EEC is significant because the need for oversight and regulation demonstrates how the economies of western Europe were connected and that the actions of one country could affect another therefore prompting coordination attempts that affects the domestic policy of member nations In the same way that the EEC was an alliance for economic terms NATO was an alliance on military terms In the attempt to foil any future attempts of aggression as seen prior to WW 11 most of the North American and Western European countries formed a mutual military alliance NATO is signi cant because states become bound towards military action if a member state becomes attacked so in essence NATO becomes a catalyst for involvement in the domestic policies of member nations For example the Star Wars program in the US prompted our allies in Europe to become involved in the creation of the program Both British and German governments invested and were invited into the research possibilities NATO as an organization shows the two qualities of uni cation First its creation demonstrates how nations are engaging one another and binding their security with the other and the Star Wars event exempli es how the domestic policies of nation is affected by other states The SALT treaties between Russia and US is another example of states becoming involved in each other s domestic policies The SALT treaty called for a reduction in each countries nuclear arms from both nations This scenario exempli es a united world because both countries realized how that the actions of one nation would ensure the destruction of the other therefore the weapons of mass destruction must be limited Second SALT signi es both countries trying to affect the domestic policies of the other nation in terms of nuclear arms 39 The world after 1945 comes together because of security and wealth issues In each indicator of uni cation the domestic policies of one nation affects either the security or wealth of another nation The next indicator is the amount of involvement states have in each other s domestic policies in order to protect wealth and security
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