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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Dr. Princess Stracke on Sunday November 1, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to FOLK at Indiana University taught by Fernando Orejuela in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see /class/233490/folk-indiana-university in Literature at Indiana University.
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Date Created: 11/01/15
Folklore Test 2 Folklore is everywhere Shared tradition Re mains the essential criterial attribute of the folk group grounded in shared identity quotAccept to begin that tradition is the creation of the future out of the pas 39 Henry Glassie 395 Foodway folk group39s food traditions preparations cookery cooks how it39s served Ritual A rite of passage Salamander Example quotEmicquot perspective or the quotnative s points of vieW without imposing their own conceptual frameworks quotMquot or outsider39s perspective on local life Ethnography is two things The fundamental research method of folklore The written text produced to report ethnographic research Main Method Collecting Cultural Mate rial by interviews and living with its practitioners Fieldwork Gathering of data through the interviewing and observation of subjects in the field It is the work done in the field to gain experience and knowledge through rsthand observation Interviewing Engaging with the lore through conversation Participation Observation Imme rsing yourself in the culture of your specific folk group Feb 13 Major and Minor Genres Simile and Metaphor ConservativeStructurely fit Proverb A saying in fixed form in oral circulation Application occur in everyday conversations to provide a quotnamequot or category for situations that recur in life Concise Used in daily living fixed form doesn39t change w application component of one39s worldview Ex Penny saved is a penny earned Characteristics of the Proverb Meter quotA rolling stone gathers no mossquot Binary Construction quotAn apple a day keeps the doctor awayquot Dipod caesura Dipod Rhyme Haste makes waste quot Alliteration Assonance Personification Parallele quotMan proposes God disposesquot Paradox quotNo news is good newsquot Unusual Construction quotNeither a borrower or lender bequot An item of lore in Context is everything Knowing whenhow to use it and capturing its emergence is more important Folk Expression applied quotFirst impressions are lasting impressions Binary Construction Parallelism Paradox This is not a proverb but a proverbial expression Changes with application quotHeSheIt made his bed now he has to lie in it Ritual Insults Dynamic Playing The Dozens Are insults often directed toward a competitor or a women special in the lives of males quotyo mamaquot involved in verbal dueling Round Anyone can take a turn displaying verbal skill Duel Two combatants Feb 20 Week 7 TaleType Index TaleType in which stories are organized according to plot structure Purpose to reconstruct locate and date the primary form of a tale KaarleKrohn In pursuit of Urtype Anti Aarne published preliminary draft 101 0 Stith Thompson completed an international catalogue in 1961 At 510 Cinderella Provides for a comparative approach Motif Smallest identifiable unit of an item of lore an element distinguishes it from other tales Eg unusual creature strange land or a significantly striking occurrence Cinderella Glass Slippers Miss Marian Roalfe Cox 1893 Type A Cinderella Type B CatSkin Type C Cap o Rushes Type D Indeterminate Type E Hero Tale Meaning in Context Value Systems Social Role of Individual a set of behaviorial expectations Norms of the group Education Enculturation Feb 22 Storytelling Narrative recreation shared in various social contexts in Ireland Professional Receive payment Money or nonmoney Spotlight a personal skill Genre or Performance Style Basic Economics Payment Product Consumer Functionalist Analysis Text Folk group Performance Bards Learned men reciting singing myths and heroic legends in the court of the king Payment Hospitality from King Product Wonder amp Praise Audience Kings amp Courts Guides Local tellers narrating the landscape and sharing myths and legends for tourists Functional Analysis Text Both myth and legend Folk group Tourists and locals Performance Commodi ed Performers SelfStyled performers using mass media to tell stories that are identifiable as traditional39 in some way Functional Analysis Feb 29 Folk Song Folk Song Consists of words withwithout instrumental accompaniment Circula te orally among members of a particular group Ballad A folktale that is sung or a folk song that tells a story Stanza Quatrain or 4 linesverse Rhyme Typically abcb Meter 4343 strong beatsline Child Ballads A true folk balladquot is performed a capella James Francis Child Ballads of supernaturaIsuperstition Tragic Love Other Tragedy Love Ballads Outlaws Historical Miscellaneous Cecil Sharp and Maude Karpeles Lucindy Pratt Kentucky 1919 and provides 1 of 10 Versions collected in Appalachian region still in oral circulation Folk Group for Ex 1 Appeal to local tastes w local dialects Folk Group for Ex2 Revival movement w younger population Folk song aesthetics lsorhythm Repetition Rhythmic stresses in melodic performance very limited embellishments Gospel Aesthetic Religious music of African alne ricans that emerged in urban centers during the early decades of the twentieth century Variation of tempo Robust timbre highly embellished melodic lines
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