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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Arlie Schmidt on Sunday November 1, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to EDUC at Indiana University taught by Luise McCarty in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see /class/233494/educ-indiana-university in Education and Teacher Studies at Indiana University.
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Date Created: 11/01/15
On Rousseau s Emile Rousseau s educational philosophy follows from his belief that education should involve the development of capacities rather than an imposition of ideas and that it should be nurtured by love and understanding not compulsion He offers 2 primary suggestions how to achieve this goal lall knowledge finds its way into the mind through the senses so that we learn through our individual experience and 2human beings are born good and innocent For Rousseau therefore early education should be based on the senses should be individualized and should be protected from the negatives of societal institutions These needs are addressed through a series of stages that include the following Stage 1 Needs and moral education during childhood Key features include interaction with the environment and positive role modeling by a tutor which promotes the incorporation of positive traits into child behavior The tutor respects the freedom of the student but guides learning experiences stimulates curiosity and promotes the cultivation of the senses through observation and simple experiments Stage 11 Intellectualpractical application during early adolescence The key features here are comparing and reasoning with an emphasis on realworld problems and handson solutions as opposed to book learning or other forms of teachercentered instruction mostly through spoken and written words Stage III Academic disciplines intellectual education during middle and later teens The primary concern here is the facilitation of the transition toward social living that is a student moves from the study of a world of things to a study of societal considerations Key characteristics of Rousseau s individualized approach 0 Removing obstacles that might hinder positive development Addressing the special needs of the individual Employing as natural an environment as possible Leading as opposed to forcing children during the learning process Directing experiences activities and projects Facilitating children s basic interest and need to explore and discover the world in which they live Facilitating the transition from individual immaturity to social maturity Aristotle ntro see p Sin R ampJ Plato used deductive Aristotle inductive method of reasoning Humans are rational animals we are able to contemplate the universe the meaning of life and the world We can pose questions and seek answers through observation analysis and thinking Reason is inherent but has to be actualized Education s role is to create an environment that nurtures the individual s rational potential and actualizes it to the highest degree Both P and A embrace the life of the mind the liberally educated rational human being as the ideally educated individual Idealist vs Realist P education as birthing process absolute truth can be found by looking inward and upward to the absolute mind educ Brings out what is innately known Aristotle realist looks outside in pursuit of truth All things possess an essence or nature Inherent in this is the potential to be actualized acorn gt oak tree Education nurturingcultivation that potential through the exposure to the great minds can enhance the a human being s natural desire to know Contemplation as an end in itself makes us godlike is the closest to actualization End of human pursuit is not just knowledge but action to know the good is to do the good Highest good is human eudaimonia human flourishing happiness gtgt ideal citizens able to perform their duti3es as rational members of a community p 37 Happiness is something final and selfsufficient the end of action p 38 2 types of virtue intellectual and moral intellectual growth through teaching and experience moral as a result of habit Virtue lying in the mean p 39 p 40 happiness is activity in accordance with virtue ideal is to become capable of legislating his own laws private education has advantage is more precise