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Indo-European Folktales Week 3

by: Meghan Rixey

Indo-European Folktales Week 3 Ger1502

Marketplace > University of Pittsburgh > Ger1502 > Indo European Folktales Week 3
Meghan Rixey
GPA 2.75
Indo-European Folktales
Dr. E.Wylie-Ernst

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About this Document

Lecture notes for the 3rd week of classes including recitation
Indo-European Folktales
Dr. E.Wylie-Ernst
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Meghan Rixey on Friday January 23, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Ger1502 at University of Pittsburgh taught by Dr. E.Wylie-Ernst in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 149 views.


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Date Created: 01/23/15
WEEK 3 Fables o Protagonists 0 Truth 0 Didactic Function 0 Situat ions from daily life 0 Historical Geographical location Different Cultures Similar Stories 0 Two Mothers One Judge 0 for ye o o O O O O Often City a Two mothers want a child suggest cutting it in half and splitting it The judge authority gure knows that the real mother of the child would never do this This idea of the altruistic sel ess mother has been passed down ars CityDwellers are shown as clever luxurious mistrustful lazy Country Folk are na39ive simple honest hardworking Rich Country Dreamer tales Have a similar structure to mice tales have religious endings nd Country Mice value simplicity over complexity and country over city 0 Origin Four Major Ways to Classify Folktales Grimm Brothers wanted to classify folktales by origin quotShattered Jewel Theoryquot the original form of a once perfect story has been fragmented and spread changed Theodor Benfy believed all tales came from India Monogenesis Grimms believed in the theory that there was a single source of origin All tales started from one point Polygenesis the idea that similar narratives can arise from different points of origin This is the view most commonly accepted today Goal reconstruct the history of each tale discover the original form Method collect all versions isolate the components and plot similarities and differences 0 Form Formalst 1920 Vladimir Propp 0 Thought AT system was unscienti c o Minimalist way of looking at narrative and breaking it down into smaller parts 0 Looking at large patterns In uenced the Structuralists of the 1950 s1970 s 0 Claude Levi Strauss believed myths were based on binaries and tales see a mediation of opposites natureculture manwoman o Strauss sees functions in a cultural context and tales mediate binary opposites within a speci c culture different from Propp who sees them as universal 0 Meaning Meaning was the most predominant school of research 19th Century Wilhem Wundt Folk Psycoogy 20th Century Freud Freud childhood experiences affect sexual development if stages of development are disturbed problems ensue neurosis Folktales and the Subconscious like dreams they use symbols to represent con ict and desires This symbolic language relates to our subconscious Ex Little Red Riding Hood Carjung 18751961 believed in concept of quotcollective unconsciousquot l mind automatically organizes experiences 0 Re ected in folktales with Archtypes Feminist School of Folklorists doesn t really exist Freud doesn t explain female development Jung s archtypes are male 0 Style AarneThompson o Motif smallest narrative element idea within a tradition Ex quot The Wicked Witchquot 0 Type collection of motifs in an arrangement Ex Two mothers claiming the same child 0 AarneThompson Contribution Gave analytics terms Gave a method for those who wanted to trace the origins o AarneThompson Index Classi es 2500 types of folktales Animal tales 0 Ordinary Folktales Jokes and Anecdotes Formal Tales Unclassi ed 0 Children tend to be at risk even in modern day 0 Parental issues 0 Normal growth 0 Gender


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