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Prin Of Sociology

by: Daron Quitzon

Prin Of Sociology SOC S161

Daron Quitzon
GPA 3.6

Patrick Ashton

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About this Document

Patrick Ashton
Class Notes
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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Daron Quitzon on Sunday November 1, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOC S161 at Indiana University Purdue University - Fort Wayne taught by Patrick Ashton in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see /class/233528/soc-s161-indiana-university-purdue-university-fort-wayne in Sociology at Indiana University Purdue University - Fort Wayne.


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Date Created: 11/01/15
Department of Sociology IPFW Patrick J Ashton PARADIGMS IN SOCIOLOGY Paradigm a consensual framework for generating and guiding research 7 it is a fundamental image of the subject matter within a science 7 it is the broadest unit of consensus within a science it differentiates scienti c communities Components Exemplars standard problem solutions Axioms statements that are seen as selfevident or universally accepted as true Image of the subject matter general concept of the nature of the phenomenon studied and the most appropriate unit of analysis Theories sets of general logicallyinterrelated propositions which attempt to explain andor interpret the relationships among phenomena Methods processes and tools for empirical investigation SOCIAL FACTS PARADIGM Exemplar Emile Durkheim esp Rules oft16 Sociological Method Suicide Axiom Society is a reality suj generzls facts therefore can only be explained by other social facts Image of Social entities and processes are real Social facts are external and coercive on the Subject the individual Against psychological reductionism Focus is on social structure Matter and its effect on individual thought and action Theories Structuralfunctionalism Parsons Merton Davis Moore Con ict theory Coser Dahrendorf Collins Systems heory Buckley Methods survey historicalcomparative SOCIAL DEFINITION PARADIGM Exemplar Axiom Image of the Subject Matter Theories Max Weber s work on social action Definition of the situation WI Thomas A situation defined as real is real in its consequences Focus is on social process and intersubjectivity 7 ie how actors define their social situations and the effect of these definitions on action and interaction Weber s definition of sociology A science which attempts the interpretative understanding of social action in order thereby to arrive at a causal explanation of its course and effects Action theory Weber early larsons Symbolic Interactionism Mead Cooley Blumer Stryker Methods Labeling theory Becker Scheff Phenomenological sociology Weber Schutz Ethnomethodology Garfinkel Dramaturgical analysis Goffman observation SOCIAL BEHAVIOR PARADIGM Exemplar Axiom Image of the Subject Matter Theories BF Skinner Beyond Freedom and ngnity Human social behavior can only be explained in terms of the principles of individual behavior Focus is on individual behavior within an environment both physical and social One does not see ideas and values when one looks at society but rather how people live how they raise their children how they gather or cultivate food what kinds of dwellings they live in what they wear what games they play how they treat each other how they govern themselves and so forth Skinner Goal is to understand and predict human beba w39or within a stimulusresponse framework Exchange heory Homans Structural exchange theory Blau Rational choice theory Coleman Methods experiment SOCIAL RELATIONS PARADIGM Exemplar Axiom Image of the Subject Matter Theories Methods Karl Marx esp Capital Society is a totality of socialrelations all parts are mutually interrelated in an organic whole 7 ie they are basically different sides of the same thing Facts are not isolated and separate 7 or separable 7 things Social phenomena are neither logically independent nor static Marx for instance assumes movement and interconnectedness and then sets out to examine why some social forms appear to be xed and unchanging With the philosophy of internal relations the problem is never how to relate the separate entities but how to disentangle a relation or group of relations from the total and necessary configuration in which they exist Ollman Marxist political economy Sweezy Burawoy Structuralism Althuser Poulantzas Godelier Critical theory Habermas Marcuse World systems theory Wallerstein Gunder Frank Postmodernism Baudrillard Lyotard Laclau Socialist feminism Mitchell Hartmann Eisenstein D Smith hooks historicalcomparative


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