SOC 1003 Week 2
SOC 1003 Week 2 SOC 1003
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Morgan Routman on Friday January 23, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 1003 at George Washington University taught by Professor Schwartz in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 171 views. For similar materials see Intro to Criminal Justice in Sociology at George Washington University.
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Date Created: 01/23/15
SOC 1003 Week 2 Chapter 2 12315 1210 PM Official Statistics are IThe main data comes from the IFounded in 1925 by the a They saw a problem with CJ data because there was no viable way to compare different cities and their crime rates a Therefore a new system was created where cities would be using specific definitions for specific crimes They use rates per 100000 in order to accurately compare 0 Example 2013 murders in different cities 0 NYC 333 399 per 100000 0 Chicago 442 1628 0 DC 103 1629 0 Los Angeles 281 643 e something serving as a sign or indicator a 17000 departments report to the FBI 0 Part One most important crimes Murder not attempted Rape a Only recently including statutory rape rape of men anal and oral rape and use of objects still foggy definition Aggravated Assault and Attempts n This is where attempted murders fall Robbery and Attempts n Theft by force or a threat of force Burglary Larceny and Theft n Theft without force a Originally had to be over 50 but now some states have changed this and now the definition is theft Period Motor vehicle Theft a Only applies to vehicles that are meant to be driven on roads and streets Arson n These are Index Crimes crimes are those counted by the number of reports made to the Police 0 NonIndex crimes are essentially everything else 0 Essentially UCR is just a summary 0 NIBRS looks at individual forms to and looks at more crime Ie Embezzlement Porn Possession Prostitution etc 0 Not mandated by the federal government but pushed for accuracy and whatnot n Approximately 14 states and Law Enforcement Organizations LEOs 0 Has murder gone down Does it differ between Men and Women o For all property and violent crimes the UCR says there has been a between 1991 and 2001 0 Only accounts for reported crimes 0 Doesn t really account for crime control strategies 0 Doesn t account for how Insurance Claims influence decisions to report crimes 0 Doesn t take into consideration police conduct o No white collar crime corporate crime or drug issues included in the UCR o The media is known for lying and blowing things out of proportion for the sake of entertainment 0 How do we find out how many crimes are not being reported Set up every two years Its given to the Census Bureau and they take 90000 houses and approximately 160300 people over the age of 12 into account a Look at crime and what was and wasn t reported minus homicide 0 We find out about twice as much about what crimes are being committed About About Week 2 Continued 12315 1210 PM 0 Can really only be administered in schools and totally anonymous 0 Asks students if they have ever committed an illegal actcrime o Uncovers an obscene amount of crime 0 Almost everyone does some sort of crime However the drop out rate in America makes it so that even with self report surveys still some crime goes unaccounted for 0 States that every college that accepts Federal money must share their crime stats with the government to be posted online 0 The theory is that when students apply to schools they can look for the lowest crime rates 0 Schools must report rape robbery aggravated assault burglary and motor vehicle theft 0 Most nonserious crimes go unreported Ie assault sexual harassment larceny etc 0 They are rarely reported as rates per 100000 0 This makes data hard to compare 0 Universities tend to lie 0 Types of Law The crime and the penalties Defines what is against the law The procedures designed to implement substantive law You can find most of this in the Bill of Rights Law that s not criminal Regulates commerce etc Not really important for this course 0 Earlier cases decide later similar cases setting precedent 0 There is no crime nor penalty without law 0 Crimes that are inherently evil 0 Crimes that are only crimes because they are prohibited 0 An illegal voluntary deliberate act 0 Can be negligence as well 0 DUI killings are occasionally processed here as murders 0 Guilty mind and intent o This is the mental element of the crime 0 Intent is implied if the results are likely Exceptions Ie speeding ticket Each state territory and the federal government classifies crime in its own way 0 Cannot criminalize status 0 Cannot be imprisoned strictly for being a heroine addict Must DO something to be found guilty as a criminal 0 You can t punish someone without a trial or them being found guilty 0 Cannot be convicted of a crime on a law made after the act was commited 0 Most serious crimes 0 Punishable by a year or more in prison 0 Less serious 0 Punishable by up to one year in a local lock up 0 Usually local laws city laws etc