HIST 2340W Week 2
HIST 2340W Week 2 HIST 2340W
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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Morgan Routman on Friday January 23, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 2340W at George Washington University taught by Professor Brasinzky in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 177 views. For similar materials see US Diplomatic History in History at George Washington University.
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Date Created: 01/23/15
HIST 234OW Week 2 12315 1241 PM Main Characteristic was the Therefore they took up the practice of a prevent Europe influence from corrupting the American Democratic Experiment The more land the US has the less Europe has n more wealth means more respect which means more power 0 and the Constitution The constitution is framed to accommodate for American Growth and Power James Madison and e Argues that a is better than a Democratic one because it allows for more factions and more people to be represented a Also advocated for for American Influence by taking more territory and growing the population 0 Important Quote between pages 47 and 48 beginning with The other pointquot 0 Farewell Address His time in office often was marked by and where the US should and shouldn t be involved GW argued for three things in particular 0 He warns against foreign influence making the claim that the more we allow for it the larger the divisions of support will be in America and the weaker the country will get Important quotes from the reading a Page 8 Against the Insidiousquot n 2 paragraphs down Our detached and distancedquot speaking to the strength that can be found in remaining neutral 0 when Europe falls do to its illiberal ways the US will be able to step into the place of power I Just below the first quote The great rule of conduct quot 0 Wants to separate economic policy and political policy 0 This is essentially his argument for peaceful commerce Expanded US territory Only worked because of Jefferson s an Adam s pressures on France a Aid to the Haitian Revolution and persuaded Native Americans to attack French posts Pushed Europeans out of the West Coincided with Foreign Policy not just with expansionary tactics There was concern that with Spain s decline that other European Powers might try to take its place in the Americas D Jackson led the campaign against the Seminoles and went straight into Florida Spain s territory and helped push Spain to cede FL to the US After GW gave his farewell address US Foreign Policy really started to get hard a They were great with dealing with territorial expansion but not so great with the idea of neutral commerce 0 In 1803 war broke out between Great Britain and France where both countries attempted to stop trade between their enemy and the US 0 England was notoriously better at this tactic as their Navy was much stronger This angered the Americans who placed an Embargo upon England in 1806 o Eventually the US declared war on England that ended with both sides being too tired to continue and left US understanding that it was still too weak with funds and forces to be a true power 0 They felt vulnerable 0 Especially with the fact that the Capitol was burned to the ground in the process of the fighting The came out of this 0 Really written by John Q Adams 0 Was written in response to Spain s decline and the formation of the Holy Alliance with Russia Prussia and Germany They were scared that other European countries would try and infiltrate the America s in Spain s absence 0 Essentially argues that the US will not stand for any more Colonization by European Countries or Implicit Expansion into the West The real question was how they were intending on following through without funds or forces to back them n Argued that Territorial Expansion is the route to National Greatness Important quotes 0 Paragraph 1 The American Peoplequot 0 Paragraph 4 The Far Reachingquot In His policy had to be more delicate because of the issue of slavery n Pursued expansion both to the north and the south 0 The with England 0 5440 or Fightquot Ended up settling for the 49th parallel and gaining the territory which is now Oregon and Washington The 0 Sent Taylor to blockade the Rio Grande and Mexico attacked 0 Mexico ended up ceding a huge amount of land What is now California Nevada Arizona New Mexico and other Western States minus the Texas Territory that was annexed later a The question that remained was What happens once the US expands all the way Week 2 Continued 12315 1241 PM 0 We became for more proactive and willing to engage with European powers to defend ourselves and the hemisphere Became actively engaged in promoting actions abroad 0 This happened because of and Key Thinkers 0 Most important strategist of the 19th century 0 Was writing in the midst of the 2nd Industrial Revolution in the period after the Civil War This entailed agricultural advancements steel rails electric lights etc 0 Not the best naval officer but was a great professor at the Naval War College and an great thinker Wanted to increase our sea power a Argued that sea power has been notoriously important in history and that we should become a naval power The US wanted to be different than Europe by not colonizing mass amounts of other continents 0 Economic Downturns of 1873 and 1893 made Mahan believe that we had to export to fix our economy David Ames Wells thought that our issue was that we were overproducing and becoming an economic dynamo The panics of 73 and 93 led to new pressures to intervene abroad to protect trade for Americans This happened under the McKinley administration and was the exact kind of that Mahan wanted 0 Historian at the University of Wisconsin Saw the west as an important source of social mobility and democracy The expansionist energies that went past the frontier had big effects on foreign policy 0 American Protestant Clergy member 0 His piece was similar to O Sullivans on Manifest Destiny 0 Similar to Winthrop with religious references and his emphasis on exceptionalism Must remain superior to other states Likes the idea of competition between people and na ons o Grandson of Q Adams 0 Historian and a critic of Capitalism Need to conquer new sources of energy to survive The barbarians clerics and warriors conquer this for us and the turns to the economic man u The economic man then expands upon the energy for production How do we do this a Control Asia 0 This led to a new push in our Foreign Policy The US must and will intervene in affairs of the hemisphere if its interests are threatened o Dispute in Venezuela with England England ignores America 0 Argues that the West is under their domain Standoff between Great Britain America and Germany 0 America created a naval base in the city of Pago Pago o This cause disputes over who had sovereignty over the land War almost ensued but a cyclone destroyed the ships before anyone could attack This led to diplomacy