AMH 2907 10/26-10/30
AMH 2907 10/26-10/30 amh 2097
Popular in American History race and ethnicity
Popular in History
This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Derick Grandoit on Sunday November 1, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to amh 2097 at Florida State University taught by R. Soash in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 33 views. For similar materials see American History race and ethnicity in History at Florida State University.
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Date Created: 11/01/15
Monday October 26 th Race and Eugenics (Progressive Era) o In 1900 South Dakota was the most diverse state Over 71% of the population were born outside the US o The first limitation in immigration were passes in 1880’s Chinese Sedition Acts In 1886 Chines employer convinced Supreme Court to allow the purchase of immigration regardless of race and citizen status o In 1899 Supreme Court stated that anyone born in the US was a US citizen o During this time Groups such as Jews, Italian, Irish, etc. Were not considered white Considered lower than native born Considered either at he same level or bellow blacks o Eugenic Study that claims we are products of the genetic background of our parents One can be prone to alcoholism, criminality, insanity, etc. Believed selective breeding was necessary to better society WWI o Different then any previous ear fought by American and Europeans Changes in technology Machine guns, aircrafts, weapons England and France and allies (US) vs. Germany and its allies o Impact on American society and culture During this time period America became apart of world affairs The war allowed the federal government to take on new power that they previously never possessed More than then 24 million men entered the draft Government o Oversaw materials, supplies, o Oversaw railroads o Oversaw crops o Established War Labor Board (ensured wages rose) o Government and business joined forces “Freedom of speech and opinion rests on no solid foundation” The war helped promote patriotism and national unity Helped popularize the Progressive movement on a world stage Between 19141918 Americans had began to help the British for the first time since the Revolution Progressives supported President Wilson joining of the war o Opposition to the war Emma Golden opposed war and the draft Was deported from the US for her political views along with other activists like her Socialist party became popular Though not officially anti war there party was associated with the movement o Committee on Public Information Program created by the federal government to persuade public opinion Broadcasted prowar messages through advertisement, movies, etc. o Espionage and Sedition Acts Prohibited spying and any actions that would negatively affect the draft and war Primarily aimed at newspaper Sedition Act Made speech against he form of the government or harmed the war effort illegal Government worked hard to enforce and promote a prowar / patriotic attitude Used investigations, bonds, etc. to force citizens to oblige o Immigration Following war people of other non American backgrounds were viewed as suspicious specifically German Americans Anti war attitudes lead to the actual bullying of the immigration groups By 1890’s states began banning the writing and speaking of fothign languages Wednesday October 28 – Class Cancelled Friday October 30 Louis Adamic and cultural pluralism o 1920’s Automobiles Production tripled By 1929 half of American families owned cars o Helped increase the steel, tourism, and oil industries Electric Power Consumer Items o Made home life easier o Purchased mostly on credit Increased debt Looked down upon greatly Leisure Americans began spending money on movies, sports, etc Radio Broadcast skyrocketed Over 5 million radio broadcasts by 1929 Following celebrities became normal o Babe Ruth Security Employers began offering health insurance, other things to benefit employees Wanted to limit union uprisings and capabilities Louis Adamic Cultural Pluralism o The idea that people who adapted from other countries needed to become 100 percent American Louis Adamic o Argued that one could still keep aspects of their old countries and be American o He wrote many articles, journals, etc o Called for acceptance of ethnic difference o He considered ethnicity “a characteristic that could not be changed or ignored in life” o Said that Nativists wanted to rob immigrants of the tools necessary for survival in American society Hebert Hoover and Al Smith o The Great Depression As the 1920’s was of political social change the 1930’s was as well Prior to the Great Depression poverty was seen as self caused Economic security was seen as a key element in freedom Freedom required economic security o Social security, minimum wage, unemployment, etc are all factors of this time period o Hebert Hoover President elected in 1928 Born in Iowa Son of a blacksmith and school teacher Was a mining engineer After WWI, directed American food relief to Europe Sent food to civilians in Europe Led to his rising popularity Had strong ideas on American capitalism Promised while campaigning that poverty would be eliminated o Al Smith Ran against Hebert hoover Born in poverty Came in politics through Demine Hall in New York (Democrat) Parents were Irish Catholics Wanted to Establish limits to women and child work Stop prohibition Nativist blocked his 1928 election campaign Eventually became president later Seen as unpopular because he was an immigrant and Catholic Black Thursday – October 24, 1929 o The technical date of the US Great Depression Official day the US stock crashed Over 10 billion dollars lost in 5 hours People purchased stocks on margins (credit) o The crash destroyed investment companies, and consumer Business were forced to lay off Caused a large distrust between rich and poor Stock hit an all time low in 1932 225,00 full time workers in 1929 by 1932 0 full time workers Most wealthy people remained wealthy However wealth needed to be hid o Usually overseas Prices dropped 40 percent Unemployment rate was 25 percent Employers refused to hire for outrageous reasons o Weight o Appearance o Age o Marital Status o Religious Affiliations These circumstances caused actual depression amongst the population Depression and American Culture o Hungry people lined the streets At peak over 4000 children received food aid a ay o People hoarded items o Obsessively saved money o Affected how people viewed Government Crime Banking Marriage Birthrate dropped Divorce rates dropped o Restaurants were empty o Car registration, license renewal, traveling stopped o Social clubs dropped o Less mail being sent o American colleges had to increase food budget o Reading, Radio were common hobbies o People viewed jobs as privileges o Hoovervilles The result of failed economic ideas of Hoover Towns of poor people o During this time period the federal government did not have to provide assistance o Charities were selective eon who they helped o If you accepted relief One could be denied the right to vote
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