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by: Shelby Bussard

Descrates PHL2050

Marketplace > PHL2050 > Descrates
Shelby Bussard
GPA 2.7
Philosophy: The Big Questions
J K. Sims

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About this Document

First week of notes to complete your collection before another big test. Overview of Descrates and his work as a philosopher and new philosophical concepts.
Philosophy: The Big Questions
J K. Sims
Class Notes
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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Shelby Bussard on Monday November 2, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PHL2050 at a university taught by J K. Sims in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 62 views.

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Date Created: 11/02/15
PHL 2050 JK Sims Jesuits 0 Roman Catholic religious order that places great emphasis on education and intellectual pursuits such as the study of philosophy 0 Inclusion of Scholasticm associated with Thomas Aquinas I This was an approach to philosophy that blends ancient Greek philosophy with Catholic theology 0 Descartes was not satisfied with this approach to philosophy I He believed that it placed too much emphasis on theology and church authority Meditations 13 0 The Rationalist Way of Discovering Truth I Rationalism Defined knowledgetruth is based upon or derived from pure reason I Rationalism places great emphasis on 0 Math 0 Pure logics 0 A Priori knowledge truths that are independent of observation Rationalism Continued problems with empiricism 0 Empiricism defined all knowledgetruth is based upon sense experience I Empiricists generally place great emphasis on 0 Physical science 0 Verification through experimentation 0 A Posteriori knowledge truths that are based upon observation I Problem 1 the senses reveal no necessities 0 Medication l methodic doubt I What will provide the foundation for knowledge I Senses reveal no necessity I Senses are often deceptive 0 Hallucinations 0 Mirage O 3ml Thought Experiment I Cartesian doubt I Deceiving God Experiment 0 Problem 2 Cartesian thought experiment I Dream problem 0 When we dream we often think our dreams are real 0 Sense impressions alone do not necessarily tell us the difference between dream reality and waking reality I The evil demon evil genius I How do we know that there is not an eveil being who is responsible for the contents of our sense experiences 0 Also brain in the vat thought experiment I Thus sense experience will not provide the starting point for knowledge 0 Only the mind can provide the foundation 0 So where can we find this foundation The mind 0 DeceiVing God Experiment I All mighty God I He could be deceiving us and he putting impressions in our mind I He can make us think we are in a different world Descartes disagreed with this because God is all good 0 Philosophy of the mind I Philosophical analysis of the mind Function properties and nature of the mind Used interchangeably Mind consciousness Analysis of various focuses of areas of the mind psychology


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