Week 8 M, W, F
Popular in Intro to American History
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Audrey Notetaker on Monday November 2, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST225 at James Madison University taught by Shaun Mooney in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see Intro to American History in History at James Madison University.
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Date Created: 11/02/15
l Self Made Man What is the Definition Who is Self Made Where did you come from Resources Can you really be selfmade Through hard work create own work entrepreneurs work for themselves don t work for anyone make own business Resources come from very little fewer resources Choices different from the path laid out for you not necessarily the amount of money you make independence used more politically values matter great men After the war Frederick Douglas steps and says there are no selfmade men always help no matter what is it even possible to be selfmade l Frederick Douglas 16 years he edited an influential black newspaper and achieved international fame as an inspiring and persuasive speaker and writer SelfMade Man nothing can bring to man so much of happiness or so much of misery as man himself overcome obstacles hard work shows no bias not be arrogant contribute to humanity and society Theory of Success luck does not make a selfmade man if opportunity comes your way and you don t take it this becomes your fault similar to American Dream Criticisms of Self Made Man Aren t always the best man education inconsistent in their ways knowledgable in how to get themselves to the top not others arrogance ll Why did he make this speech what is the specific goal no one is going to help you do this given the injustice given after the war can t really be this but you need to be working towards own self l Phases of Reconstruction Presidential Reconstruction 186567 Andrew Johnson s reconstruction plan Congressional Reconstruction 187670 Congress tries to balance Black rights and home rule Counterreconstruction post1870 white southerners gradually regain control of their states amp localities civil war is one of those inflection points in history where the state and government takes on a greater responsibility for the welfare of the nation the passage of social security medicaid and medicare is another affordable care act ll Reconstruction is a failure could be in for a success but its a long term failure WB Dubois more progressive hard work doesn t work have to take a more proactive approach demands equal rights Booker T Washington demonstrate worth and value by working hard and white people will accept you lll Freedmen s Bureau 1865 to provide social educational and economic services advice and protection to former slaves and destitute whites provide rudimentary education to those who were illiterate who won the civil war the north on paper but culturally and socially the south looks a lot like it did prior to the war called it something different sharecropping IV To Promote land ownership for newlyfreed slaves Sherman s Field 1865 Southern Homestead Act 1866 V Obstacles to Reconstruction no one knew whether the President or Congress should take the lead no agreement on what policy should be Vl Presidential Reconstruction Plan extend pardons and restore property rights to Southerners who swore allegiance to the Union amp Constitution prominent Confederates must petition for a pardon no mention of voting civil rights of former slaves Vll Civil Rights Act of 1866 direct response to Black Codes defined rights of national citizenship marked a key change in federalstate relations Vlll 14th Amendment 1866 prohibited states from violating rights of their citizens strengthened Civil Rights act of 1866 guaranteed all citizens equality before the law Key Words amp Concepts Presidential Reconstruction Congressional Radical Reconstruction CounterReconstruction Lost Cause African American aspirations after the war Freedmen s Bureau Sherman s field Order No 15 Southern Homestead Act Ten Percent Plan Wade David Bill Civil Rights Act of 1866 Black Codes 14th Amendment 1866 Military Reconstruction Acts Impeachment Tenure of Office Act 15 Amendment scalawags amp carpetbaggers Ku Klux Klan KKK Ku Klux Klan Act of 1875 Redemption Cvil Rights Act of 1875 Election of 1876 and Compromise of 1877 sharecropping vs Tenancy spread of racial segregation How was the Civil War the first modern war used technological advances involving destruction and communication related devices global sense european armies sent observers to learn from it first war in which there was a concerted effort to memorialized and bury the dead first war with field hospitals where you go to die ll Technological Advances involving destruction and Communication related devices Destruction 1st use of land miners 1st use of ironclad ships 1st use of submarines 1st use of repeating rifle smaller easiertouse guns larger POW camps Communication telegraph photography 1st war with reporters amp photographers on battlefield startled people Followed armies around and reported on the war typically after a couple of days americans had access to the war immediate communication they never had before Stonewall Jackson buried in Lexington another memorial to his arm in a different location I Nonh Advantages larger population greater production of food most of the communication technologyrelated developments were centered in North had factories Disadvantages had to fight offensive war lacked good military leadership IV South Advantages had good military leadership fought defensive war had huge supply of cash Disadvantages population was smaller than North larger percentage of the population was disinterested at best and against the war at worst the slavers were an internal enemy V Aims of the War South wanted independence form North wanted to protect the southern way of life eg slavery and everything that that meant were fighting the States Rights these aims STAYED THE SAME throughout the war Vl Aims of the War North initially began war to restore the Union over time they had a second goal to end slavery the aims of the North SHIFTED over time VI VII VIII Congressional or Radical Reconstruction 18671870 Things improve for African Americans for about ten years but then they begin to lose these privileges military Reconstruction Acts 1867 divided exconfederate Staes into military districts set rules for their readmission to the Union secured black voting rights Tenure of Office Act 1876 required Congressional approval for president to remove officeholders without Senate consent Fifteenth Amendment 1869 guaranteed right of American men to vote regardless of race 3 Groups that supported and tended ti control southern Republican Governments 18671870 Scalawagsnative whites mostly yeoman farmers Carpetbaggers northern transplants African Americans CounterReconstruction 18701874 white southerners gradually regained control of their states and localities often through violence and intimidation support for Congressional reconstruction started to fade Ku Klux Klan Act 1871 if necessary Federal authorities could use military assistance to arrest amp prosecute groups that denied a citizen s civil rights if state authorities failed to do so very successful effectively stamp out publicly Reception 18741877 exconfederates work to redeem the South through votes and force election of 1876 basically overthrows Reconstruction RESULT exconfederates back int eh saddle by 1877 end reconstruction because of political Civil Rights Act of 1875 prohibited discrimination in public transportation jury selection and public accommodations rarely enforced Supreme Court declared it unconstitutional in 1883 move back to an era where based on your race there will be a separation not called slavery Reconstruction overall is a failure we always quit Sharecropping planting is for your farm yet creates debt by committing buying seeds that are overpriced transformed into a sense of credit system offering a limit degree for economic freedom really just another name for slavery not going to change until WWII was a catalyst for African Americans
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