Lecture PPT Notes
Lecture PPT Notes PSY 1113
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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Moriah Cheng on Monday November 2, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 1113 at University of Oklahoma taught by Jenel Cavazos in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see Elements of Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Oklahoma.
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Date Created: 11/02/15
Cheng 1 27 October 2015 Chapter 9 Develonmental Psvch0102v 0 Developmental Psychology 0 Development the pattern of continuity and change that occurs throughout the course of life Involves growth and decline 0 Three areas physical processes cognitive processes socioemotional processes 0 The Earliest Development 0 Germinal Period first two weeks Zygote the new cell formed by the union of an egg and sperm Zygote travels to the uterus and attaches to the uterine wall 0 Embryonic Period weeks 28 Embryo developed zygote that has a heart a brain and all other organs needed for the rest of your life Organogenesis 0 Fetal Period weeks 8 to birth Fetus an unborn human in the later stages of development Does not mirror trimester fetal development moves all on its own 0 Age of Viability the point at which a fetus can survive if born prematurely Currently 22 weeks rarely survive 0 Treats to the Fetus O Teratogens environmental agents such as drugs chemicals or Viruses that produce birth defects Genetic susceptibility Dose Timing Most vulnerable after the first two weeks when the zygote is still a cluster of cells 0 Examples Drugsalcohol STIs sexually transmitted infections Emotional state genetic as well as wiring system in the womb If mom is anxious baby is more likely to be anxious more sensitive Poverty 0 Childhood Physical Development 0 Re exes involuntary responses that occur automatically in the presence of certain stimuli Rooting turning head toward things that touch the cheek Sucking Startle moro occurs in response to sudden noises or movements Cheng 2 Babinski toes fan out when bottom of foot is touched 0 The Brain 0 At birth brain is 25 of its adult weight 0 By age 2 the brain is 75 of its adult weight 0 Cognitive Development 0 Piaget s Theory of Cognitive Development understanding changes as a function of age and experiences 0 Assimilation incorporating new information into existing knowledge 0 Accommodation adjusting schemas to make room for new information Schema mental concept or framework 0 Sensorimotor Stage first stage in Piaget s theory 0 Birth to two years 0 Understanding based on manipulation senses and motor skills to play with objects Babies put things in their mouths 0 Development of object permanence about 9 months Awareness that objects and people continue to exist even if they are out of sight 0 Preoperational Stage second stage 0 2 to 7 years 0 Egocentric thought the child Views the world entirely from his or her own perspective 0 Lacking principle of conservation knowledge that quantity is unrelated to the arrangement and physical appearance of objects 29 October 2015 0 Concrete and Format Stages 0 Concrete Operational Stage 7 to 12 years More logical thinking Overcome egocentric thought Concrete thoughts nothing abstract or hypothetical 0 Formal Operational Stage 12 years to adulthood Abstract thought formal logic Hypotheticaldeductive reasoning systematically developing hypotheses and testing solutions 0 Socioemotional Development 0 Temperament behavioral style and characteristic ways of responding Easy Difficult Slowtowarmup cautious 0 Attachment the positive emotional bond that develops between a child and a caregiver Cheng 3 0 Infant Monkey Experiment Harry Harlow Wire mother vs cloth mother 0 Ainsworth Strange Situation 0 Secure Infants use mom as home base Upset when mom leaves happy when she returns 0 Avoidance No observational reaction to mom Physiological measures show changes 0 AnxiousAmbivalent Anxiety before separation ambivalent when mom returns 0 Re ected into adulthood onto spouses 0 Erikson s Socioemotional Theory 0 Trust vs mistrust l Birth tol 5 years babies Infants basic needs are met by sensitive responsive caregivers O Autonomy vs Shame and Doubt 1 l 5 3 years toddlers Toddlers discover their own will and assert their independence 0 Initiative vs Guilt 35 years early childhood Children assume more responsibility and face more challenges 0 Industrv vs Inferioritv 6 puberty Mastery of knowledge and intellectual skills 0 Moral Development
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