Week 4 Notes: Lecture 8
Week 4 Notes: Lecture 8 ARH 209
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Megan Notetaker on Monday November 2, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ARH 209 at University of Oregon taught by Walley A in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 30 views. For similar materials see Hist of Japanese Art >1 >IC in Art History at University of Oregon.
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Date Created: 11/02/15
ARH209 History of Japanese Art Lecture 8 October 22 2015 Visualizing Divinity Buddhist Sculpture Medieval Period 2 PreMappo Shakyamuni Triad Asuka Exam Slides pg 2 Typical representation of Buddha Buddha is not ornamented other than the cranial protrudence and curled hair which signifies his identity as well as a monk s robe serene face enormous halo that radiates his light head and hands are larger than normal people s Wide eyes and large smile suggest he has just woken up from meditation smile is also a promise that everyone will eventually attain awakening Raised open hand is the gesture of communication meaning he is preaching Made of bronze which is difficult to work with and the necessary dedication is exactly why they chose to represent Buddha with it Healing Buddha Medieval 2 Exam Slides pg 2 The thin robe emphasizes his perfect and lean body instead of engulfing it with heavier robes like the previous example Eyes are halfshut and his smile is subtle meaning he is currently meditating as a message to focus on your own meditation Standing Healing Buddha MedievalZ Exam Slides pg 3 Appearance is disproportional with larger hips shorter torso and smaller hands the robe is carved out in a way that further emphasizes these disproportions hunched forward figure hair and protrudence are larger facial features are very low on the head Meant to be seen with candlelight which causes the deep carvings to appear even more dramatic instills a sense of awe in stark contrast with the sitting healing Buddha Buddha figures began being made with wood like this piece idea came from a monk traveling from China since it was already a sacred material and existed in abundance Made with singleblock construction carved out from a single piece of wood core of statues were normally carved out to make them last but the core was left in this figure more wood more sacred power PostMappo Latter Day of the Law A widespread belief within Mahayana Buddhism in East Asia In Heian Japan it was believed that the world would go into quotmappoquot in the year 1052 After Buddha s nirvana ultimate awakening his teaching would go through three phases of generation Age of Law Age of Semblance Law and Age of Latter Days of the Law During the final stage the teachings of the Buddha survive but the actual practice died out meaning nobody could attain awakening Beief in Amida Buddha deity and his Western Pure Land much like the Christian idea of heaven however you only stay there until the next Buddha comes to earth and you are reborn here with him believed that if you are worthy of the Pure Land Buddha comes to you on a cloud with all the other people in the Pure Land to bring you there Video Mukaeko Taimadera Shows a ceremony that demonstrates moving onto the Pure Land Hoodo Phoenix Hall Most important site in relation to mappo representing the western paradise completed in 1053 conversion of a residential building into a temple Eastwest orientation with garden in the front complex quotthreestep bracket system raises eave much higher to create a winglike roof two phoenix figures on top of the building cheerful exterior paint and tiled roof interior has small statues of deities lining the walls and is painted to match the exterior Dancing Heavenly Being or Celestial Nymph Example of the small wallmounted statues found in Hoodo Seated Amida Buddha Medieval 2 Exam Slides pg 4 Large central statue located in Hoodo created by Jocho the master artisan who made it by carving small pieces of wood and assembling the pieces Represents Buddha coming to retrieve you for the Pure Land Style returns to the leaner version of Buddha with the thin robes but with a much more relaxed and open posture with the hands resting in his lap more Japanese style and can be considered to be a more feminine version of Buddha wider face and smaller cranial protrusion than the first example Beieved that the sculptor achieved rebirth into the Pure Land and that his representation of Buddha was the most accurate so his version was replicated in mass quantities Standing Amida in the posture of Welcoming Descent Medieval 2 Exam Slides pg 5 Made of cut gold and crystal eyes which gives the figure a very human appearance Robe has cuts for ornamentation distinctly different face which is not as soft and gentle with sharper eyes and a parted mouth smaller hands Preferred version of Buddha by the warrior class Buddha is standing on a cloud showing that he is coming down to bring you to the Pure Land Standing Welcoming Descent of the Amida Buddha and his Attendant Medieval 2 Exam Slides pg 6 Another similar version of Buddha but heavily influenced by China Photos of these pieces have been posted in the Exam Slides on Canvas