History of Art II
History of Art II COA 2242
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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sid Streich on Monday November 2, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to COA 2242 at Georgia Institute of Technology - Main Campus taught by Joyce Medina in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see /class/233843/coa-2242-georgia-institute-of-technology-main-campus in Architectural Engineering at Georgia Institute of Technology - Main Campus.
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Date Created: 11/02/15
Baroque Art 17th century 0 Given name by subsequent generation 0 Reference to a pearl the baroque pear irregular shaped things they wanted to critize about it o Caravaggio rascal incredible painter murdered two people ran from police entire life move thru Europe a lot so lots of people saw his works 0 Very influential o The calling of st matthew o In the gospel of matthew recounts how matthew became one of christ s disciples 0 Point at which Christ points to matthew and Mathew acknowledges this 0 Matthew is a tax collecter o Christ has entered and is the point gesture 0 Put a figure infront of Christ to show only face and arm 0 Role of light connects enterance paralleling gesture and over to matthew and he answers the gesture 0 Not sure of the outcome even tho we know he accepted Melodrama dynamism overlapping planimetric separation linear perspective 0 Shallow setting 0 There is no background 0 Deep foreground with telescoping middle ground blank or absent background 0 Treating this as if background of stage which is why there is no background 0 Window pane looks like a pointing device towards the hand also the form of a cross 0 Referenced one of the panels in the Sistine chapel by Michelangelo creation of adam 1512 0 Conversion of stpaul 0 According to the accounts in Acts around the year 36 Paul was on his way from Jerusalem for Syrian Damascus to arrest the followers ofJesus with the intention of returning them as prisioners for questions and possible execution The journey makes him go blind and turn into a Christian 0 Planimetric separation I Telescopingforeground I Obscure background I All of the action taking place in same plane 0 Entombment o Is from the gospels account of joseph of arimathea and nicodemus taking Christ down form the cross after his crucifixion Gospels alos mention an unde ned number of women witnessing the cruxifixion Represents ashes to ashes earth to earth Face of Christ toward heaven Virgin mary in this too overcome here Viewer s vantage point 0 Terms Implied position of viewer in witnessing scene High birdseye superior Parallel equal Low inferior 0 We are low and inferior we are in the tomb most earthly aspect very melodramatic not witnessing but we are in the earthly region Bacchus the god of wine revelry Engaged eye melodrama dynamism planimetric separation Toasting us or offering us the wine Getting drunk Dynamism his gesture about to unclothe himself Autumn fruits still life shown fruit rotting time is passing reference to continuous motion melodrama Caravaggisti follower of Caravaggio Judith Slaying HOlofernes Judith a beautiful widow is able to enter the tent of holofernes an assyerrian gernal who is about to destroy judiths homeovercome wth drink he spasses out and is decapacitated by judist head taken away in a basket 0 Melodrama tenebroso planimetric separationtelescoping foreground dynamism 0 Used self portrait of caravaggio as the person being decapacitated Judith and maidservant wth head of holofernes Melodrama as if they hear something off stage tenebroso Planimetric separationtelescoping foreground Dynamism light is dynamic as if someone has just opened a window or door Head facing forward causing an engaged eye as well 0 O O O O O Melodrama to focus on the most dramatic moment in a story Dynamism continuous motion implied passage of time 0 Dynamic gestures 0 Dynamic light Painting 0 Picture plane 0 Perspective systems Overlapping connecting the images in different planes by having them appear to block or obscure images in another quotplanequot Planimetric separation foreground middle ground background the positioning of images in diminishing scale to create the illusion of stacked planes a foreground foreground in front ofa middle plane middle ground receding into a deep space backround I Linear perspective orthogonals the manipulation of lines to create the illusion of deep recessional space converge at a distance point 0 Viewer s vantage point implied position of viewer in witnessing scene Tenebroso quotin the dark mannerquot itaian word Engaged eye a person appears to look into the viewers space narrator Caravaggesque in the style of Caravaggio Caravaggio a The Calling of St Matthew b Conversion of St Paul Gianlorenzo Bernin a Works i David 1633 1 Represented a different moment than the other two sculptures very dynamic and melodramatic 2 Story of hero david in important moment in life where he moves from follower to kind David Defeats Goliath 3 Very good hero to refer to because he defeats Goliath using his knowledge 4 Subtractive sculpture marble very difficult to have a subtractive sculpture 5 Spatial envelope outward hand and back foot makes it larger 6 Positive plasticity makes use of overlapping the drapery and the bag 7 Open form between legs and arm and body lots of openness 8 Viewer s vantage point ii Apollo and Daphne 1 Explantiona of how the laurel tree comes to exist daphne turns in to the laurel tree Apollo pursues daphnes and she rejects them and crys out to father and father turns her into a tree iii Pluto and Persephone 1 Story of winter and how it comes to be and turns into spring 2 Pluto ruler of underworld carries away persephones and is allowed to return to upper regions when its spring Pluto older and on the ground the girl is off the ground and younger 4 Contrapposto one foot forward with other foot back to balanced with toes to represent forward moment as if he is carrying her away iv Cardinal Scipione Borghese 1 Representing what he looks like here incorporated what dynamism here by the way he is looking v Baldacchino St Peter s Rome 1 Canopy on colums spiral columns solomon s temple Jerusalem S 2 Vertical columns as if moving upward 3 Pope was ofthe Barberini family incorporated barberini bees emblem of Pope Urban V vi quotEcstasy of St Teresa 1 Grew 3 sets of teeth wrote the Interior Castle and incorporated the four stages of praryer 2 Corano family 3 Floor is representing images of death b Information 3 Terms a Tenebroso b Dynamism c Melodrama d Sculpture Additive clay wax plaster adding material to a core building outward Subtractive craving taking away Spatial envelope space around the form of a sculpture extends out to the outer most edges of the pose Positive plasticity three dimensionality 1 Positive from core outward to surface 2 Negative from surface inward to the core v Open form making use of open space such as between the legs v39 Contrapposto quotcounter poisequot weight shift vi39 Viewer s vantage point e Ovid Metaorphoses inspired a lot of theatrical stage productions resource for baroque artists to use to make stories explanations in nature using the gods and goddess to explainnature 2 Thursday January 19th 2012 Spanish Baroque 1 Diego Velazques a Info i Goe to rome and sees caravaggios work there ii Becomes a caravaggistie b Works i Water carrier of Seville 1 All action takes place in the foreground Very gestural quite ones Bright light on vessels juxtapose with the dark background Very melodramatic tenebroso dynamism Vase telescoping towards us Droplets of water going down it showing beautiful dynamism 99Fquot 7 Melodrama old man and young man water is being pass from old to young lots to way to represent the passage of knowledge or wisdom and how the young person accepts the glass 8 Vessel same color and form of the old man associating the them together as very earthy 9 Glass and young man are of the same color there is a fig in the glass fig certifies that the water is pure ii The drinkers 1 Using the young bacchus picture by Caravaggio 2 Very simple sort of scene very baroque 3 All figures in foreground space painted backdrop as if they are on the stage 4 Telescoping foreground here a figure on the side of bacchus that is closer to our space 5 On left side is the god ofwine 6 A drunken party 7 Peasants on the country side got so drunk that they had a hallucination that bacchus got drunk with them 8 The way velazques tells us that is the way he divides the picture right down the middle using the colors in the picture 9 Engaged eye one peasants is looking right at us and perhaps toasting us very theatrical idea with an actor looking at us and acknowledging us iii Rokeby venus 1 Rokeby family owned it never really named it himself 2 Represented an Ovid Metamorphases quotand Venus groomed 3 Before venus used to seduce someone she used to groom herself 4 Venus roman goddess of love beauty and fertility 5 Cupid her son figure on the side that is holding up the mirror 6 Looking at herself in the mirror to groom 7 If she is looking into the mirror she would not be seen in the mirror She is seducing the audience 8 All action is happening in the foreground 9 Drapery curtain as if its on stage 10 Mirror is showing a reflection of something we can t see her face 11 A body without a face and a face without a body separate the body and face there 12 It was attacked and damaged in 1914 by suffragette Mary Richardson quotI am doing this for women everywhere I don t like the way men are gaping at itquot 13 Several conjectures of who the model was one was the his mistress but highly unlikely maybe his granddaughter iv The spinners 1 Move into a middle ground space here making things more complex 2 Following his carrier as his moves through the baroque to the end of it 3 Royal tapestry workshops Madrid 4 In foreground represented tapestry workers in process of making the tapestry 9 partially the dynamic gestures 5 Youth and old age here together 9 passage of wisdom 6 Fable of arachne tapestry in back arachne was a great mortal weaver who boasted that her skill was greater than that of Minerva goddess of crafts Arachne refused to acknowledged that her knowledge came in part atleast from the goddess Turned arachne into a spider story from Ovid s Metamorphases a play is included in the painting theatrical movement 7 One of the workers in the back has an engaged eye 8 Included spider webs in the room and foreground space 9 Treating it as a stage set where we watch all of this action also had a curtain 10 Light coming from a window there to show what is going on in that space v The maids of honor 1 Smaller than life size scale 2 Bright spot light lots of dark shadows open door moving us into another space 3 Engaged eye from number of figures 4 Velazques on the far left included self portrait 5 In a studio velazaquez hidden behind a large canvas 6 In the back are all the maids that follow the princess the one in the white and blonde hair 7 Watching him paint something he is looking into the space the little princess is looking into our space 8 Mirror reflecting kind and queen we are in the space of the king and queen included the door way to a chamber of where they are 9 Establishes that they are moving through the space 10 Door serves as propose to draw attraction to the mirror 11 Making use of very strong diagonals moving back towards the door very complicated amount of space here 12 Idea of not disclosing to us of what is on the canvas is very interesting 13 Puts everything in a middle ground focus details such as the flowers on princess s dress doesn t look like flowers but painterly brushstrokes 14 By putting this in the middle ground gives a better idea of the looking at a refeIection 2 Juan Sanchez Cotan a Info i Speicialied in still life b Works i Still like 1 Window sill with vegetable objects such as cardoon and parsnips Arranged as if on a stage as actors acting Veggies are on foreground Characteristic of baroque but arrangement shows something else Cardoon is in a crescent like shape pose posing as a moon Parsnips over lap each other like a star Showing constellations at night gtIsnsnagtszv Flemish Baroque Flandersmodern Belgium Flemish people language 1 Peter Paul Rubens a Info i Considered himselfa politician who painted not a painter ii Both him and velazquez had in common that they used painterly brushstrokes in the middle ground b Work 39 Elevation ofthe cross 1 Scale of it one story size 2 Middle panel 3 In reference to Christ stuck to cross an being lifted up 4 Very precarious and danger 5 Actions takes place in foreground telescoping mirror lots of dynamic motion and melodrama of whats happening 6 Used diagonal to show dynamism 7 Christ and all other figures are all in diagonals 8 Foreground telescoping all action is telescoping forward 9 Never fully embraced caravaggesque 10 Not relationship between landscape and sky like a stage setting ii Abduction of the daughters of Leucippus 1 Two daughters of king Leucippus wer betrothed to a set of twins cousins of castor and pollux abducted them without marrying them 2 Eros engaged eye as if everything is going to turn out well 3 Abducted the daughters and they all fall in love 4 Putting all action in foreground 5 Painted backdrop in sky 6 No dark shadows more diagonals 7 Adjusts all aspects to make it dynamic and melodramatic iii Helena fourment 1 Quite subtle Terms QFPS VEquot P WPP N 7 8 One of rubens wives Wanted to celebrate how beautiful she was Dynamic head turned kinda spiral stance As if she is an actor portraying the story through her pose Engages her eye the idea of looking out like an actress into the audience The choice of clothing her or not Dynamic spiral foreground engage eye iv Arrival of marie de medici 1 2 P gt EJquot gtP 5quot Marie de medici was queen consort of King Henry IV of France Represents marie disembarking from Italians vogue arriving at the shores offrance Historical story did travel on a boat Allegory symbolic story Anemoi wind gods Poseidon accompanies her to make sure her arrival is safe Neriads sea nymphs All gods of the wind and sea are following her expands her story to methology Painterly brushstrokes in the water at the bottom next to the naked people curning in to the water v Lion hunt 1 P WPPN Tenebroso Dynamism Melodrama Caravaggesque Represents a horrible event of lion hunt putting animals against human Represents dynamic scene with everything in motion Very melodramatic with animals and people dying Engaged eye of the man upside down being killed Use of diagonals and curves Almost hard to find a focal point with so many focal points with how horrific the scene is Dynamism melodrama theatrical engaged eye foreground action shadowslight A storm is brewing in the distance Allegory symbolic story Brushstrokes a Painterly use brushstrokes that look like brushstrokes itself evokes the impression of something Dutch Baroque Art NetherlandsHolland Dutch windmills built around canals export of tulip tilework protestant reformation 1648 treaty of Wesphalia secularized government Protestant reformation freedom of religious choice Enlightenment Galileo Galilei died 1642 Heliocentrism Sir Isaac Newton laws of gravity Methods of scientific study quotget at truth Microscope telescope Light dynamic motion Analytical geometry calculus Theoretical measurement Dutch Naval Exploration Trade routes Dutch colonies Rise of Middle Classes New genres in art For interior decoration Portraiture Still lives Landscapes Genre Scenes nonreligous scenes non mythological scnes Portraits Still lives Interiors landscapes 1 Franz Hals a The jolly topper Portrait ll Man asked to be subject matter of picture iii Toasting to us iv Dynamic action thrust forward hand open mouth signifying he is speaking engaged eye v Melodramatic acknowledges us as if hes on stage vi Lace he is wearing medallion very specific objects that are referring to his economic status vii Painterly brushstrokes b Malle babbe i Portrait ii Trying to represent in a baroque way what someone would look like iii Open eye and look there iv Shown chuckling v Uses painterly brushstrokes to give a middle ground focus vi Jagged brushstroke that gives the chuckling stroke 2 Rembrandt van Rijn or Rembrandt a Life b Works i The anatomy lesson of dr tulp 1 Group portrait 2 Medical school class studying dissection 3 Some frontal faces 4 While this is group portrait we see them in the foreground space together and all part of the subject matter and as ifthey are acting together on stage 5 Included a source oflight enlightenment ii The blinding of Samson 1 upon having his hair shorn by Delilah Samson is rendered weakened and is subsequently blinded 2 Dramatically falling in to our space 3 Blood spurts out of eye and into our space 4 Dynamic tumbling into our space and thrust ofsword 5 Tenebroso casting in cave and dark shadows iii The night watch 1 One figure has an engaged eye at the center ofthe picture 2 Brightly lite little girl is his daughter who is here to see him off 3 Important character in the drama here iv Supper at Emmaus 1 Theophany the gospel of luke describes the encounter on the road by cleopas quotof the resurrected Christ while walking toward Emmaus They did not recognized him and dicussed their sadness at recent events with him They persuaded him to come an death with them and in the course of the meal recognized him 2 Very dynamic melodramatic 3 Dabs of color for eye as painterly brushstrokes 3 Willem Claez Ileda a Life b Works i Still life with oysters rum glass and silver cup 4 5 1 Dutch imports a b c Venetian glass Spices Exotic foods 2 Looks like an interrupted meal that was in progress 3 Memento mori 4 Linear brushstokes Jacob Van Huysum a Life b Works i Still life 1 Collected by middle class to ornament 2 Vanitas 3 The most common flower and theirs symbolic meanings a b 95quot e f g h i Jan Vermeer a Life b Works Rose virgin mary transcience venus love Lily virgin mary virginity female breast purit of mind or justice Tulip showiness nobility Sunflower faithfulness divine love devotion As for insects the butter y represents transformation and resurrection The dragon fly symbolizes transcience The ant hard work and attention to the harvest Grouping of flowers were also symbolic Sdfjsdfsdf i Young woman with a water jug 1 Map of dutch exploration 2 Dutch exports tapestry silk metal work lace 3 Symbolic ofthe power of Holland at that time 4 Includes enlightenment by showing light coming into the room 5 Water jug shows reflected light into the view of the viewer 6 See tapestry and the reflection of tapestry like a mirror 7 Re ective surfaces dynamic aspects of the light is melodrama ii Young woman at a virginal 1 Very similar composition 2 Window letting light in 3 Woman wearing silk 4 Musical instrument 5 Decorarted interior with landscape on side 6 See what she appreciates and what she is doing 7 Melodramatic idea by the inclusion of music by including the piano iii The letter 1 Look into another room 2 Conflict between aristocracy and working class 3 Servant with laundry with wealthy woman with a lufe 4 Interaction between the two and talking to each other 5 Representation of Holland by picture of sail in the back 6 Detail in the dress ofthe servant uses many colors iv Allegory of the art of painting 1 Tapestry divides the spaces 2 Shallow space and watching them interact as the dynamic light comes into the room 3 A detail of looking of Vermeer applying paint to a canvas 4 Map of dutch exploration in the back 5 Metal work silk work all reference to exports 6 Pieter Sanredam a Life b Works i Interior of a church 1 Protestant reformation a Purity clarity of structure of church b Absence of images non catholic 2 Monumental scale of church vs small human scale 3 Used 12 different white to color church 4 Worked with extreme scale of how large church is compared to human saying that the protestant world is very large 7 Jacob van Ruisdael a Life b Work i Jewish graveyard 1 Landscapes Right from the middle of 17th century Memento mori Death of tree Death of architecture church ruins Graveyard Death of fair weather coming storm PNPEJ PP Equot 8 Terms a Genre scenes b Vanitas a version of the theme of memento mori in a still i Latin for vanity ii Symbols of mortality whether obvious ones like butterflies or more subtle like a flower losing its petals or fruit rotting c Memento mori a latin phrase translated as remember your mortality remember you must die or remember you will die i The purpose to remind people oftheir own mortality ii In art clocks skulls interrupted meals d Brushstrokes i Painterly ii Linear brushstrokes that attempt to look like the texture ofthe object being painted French Baroque 1 Nicolas Poussin a Et in Arcadia ego i Arcadia in mythology an ideal landscape the quotland of milk and honey ii Allegory iii Memento mori the latin phrase translated as quotremember your mortality iv Tombskull v Arcadia mythic land of perfection vi They are tracing out this particular legend vii Muse mythic figures who inspires viii Two shepards looking at inscription of tomb ix Using schemata x Overlapping planimetric separation foreground middle ground background xi Linear perspective orthogonals xii Theatrical melodramatic dynamism 2 Georges de la Tour a Caravaggeques style tenebroso and focus on action and foreground b The penitent mary Magdalene 39 Tenebroso foreground ll Memento m mori meditation on death shortness of life skull flame books iii Schemata formula use of a model to paint from iv Dela tour used small carved wooden figures I c Joseph in the carpenter s shop i The quotearthly father ofjesus was joseph who was trained as a carpenter ii Included light source d Woman catching a flea i Included light source but also an memento mori since it will kill the fly 3 Versailles a le cau and mansart begun 1669 i covers 2000 acres ii construction started in 1664 and stopped in 1715 when the king died iii 30000 laborers iv Louis XIV quotThe sun king v 700 rooms more than 2000 windows 1250 fireplaces 67 staircases vi Theatrical melodramatic dynamic b Mansard and le brun i Hall of mirrors 1 Treaty of Versailles was signed here ii salon of war 1 allegorical rooms 2 large open doorways 3 two rooms iii salon of venus iv queens bedchamber 1 extremely decorative decorated like a stage v kings bedchamber 1 same as queen but smaller and viewing chamber as well vi e notre gardens 1 very heavily domesticated landscapes lawn trimmed at perfect height 2 very large 3 lots of man made pons vii fountain of Neptune 1 1400 fountains 62 million liters of water is needed in every hour to run the fountains viii fountain of Apollo 1 Largest fountain 2 x machine de marly 1 for the fountains at Versailles 2 tha mouth of water needed per day was not much less than th amount of water used per day in paris x marie antoinette s hamlet 1 artificial village 2 played a milk maid in the village 3 Rococo Art 1 Francois de cuivilles a Amalienburg 39 Hall of mirrors ll Smaller mirrors windows iii Similar to hall of mirrors in interest of ornaments interest in very ornamental interiors iv human scale ornamental room mirrors ornament v hall of mirrors monumental scale melodramatic stage mirrors domestic nature 2 AntoineWatte a Return au from cythera Sentimentalism emotional attachment to superficial events Planimetric separation very deep background set Everyone is spread out between foreground and middle ground different from baroque No focal person Vanishing point schemata a Madame pompadour Ornament ornamental as subject matter No dramatic moment She was reading and she stopped reading Standards of beauty sloping shoulders cosmetics small feet tiny wait iv v vi 3 Francois boucher I ii iii iv 4 a i Moralizing art Jean honore Fragonard The swing Ornamental color 1 24 shades of green imeon chardin Teach moral lesson Didacticdidactism teach a lesson Focus on action gestures Tenebroso Teaching children to pray In moralizing period everything is represented realistically We see him doing action here 1 Jean baptiste s a Grace at table I ii iii iv v b Still life i c House of cards i cl Paul revere 2 Elisabeth l vigee leburn a i Self portrait Puts paint brush to canvas showing she knows how to paint a shadow 3 William Hogarth a i Marriage a la mode Series of pictures Contract 1 Selling their child to get money 2 Moral don t do this At home 1 Once married have wild parties ornamental setting party like action iv Murder 1 Bride is found having an affair husband dies v Conclusion 1 Dies 2 Take off wedding ring to pay for her debt 3 Attorneys back ending her life as an aristocratic life b Breakfast scene c Beer street 39 Buildings falling apart ll People get fat iii Get so drunk you drop your baby iv City is failing Compare Rococo aristocracy ornamental beauty absence of action Moralizing working class focus on action humanfamily values Terms Schemata formula use of a model Rococo curves see curves everywhere Sentimentalism emotional attachment to superficial events Ornament Didactic didacticism l 9590quot Slide identification happens first only once warning before moving on Neoclassicism French revolution 1 Jacques Louis Daid a Oath of Horatii 39 Horatio father of the Horatii quotthree songs and Horatio agree to settle a dispute against Curiatii Chosen for a ritual duel against three member of the curiatii a family from alba longi in order to settle dispute iv Father in center v Three sons lined up on left vi Shallow stage like we are looking like a stage vii Dramatic moment pledging for duel viii Neoclassical period recovery of lots of techniques from baroque period ix Color distribution of redblue redblue redblue with white is French flag colors x Colors unify the 3 groups xi Storming of Bastille 1789 start of revolution xii Signing of the quotRights of Manquot 1791 declaration signed establishing French republic xiii Cult of the Hero propagandistic art didactic b Death of Marat 39 Swiss born French physician philosopher political theorist and scientist best ii On july 1793 by charlotte Corday a French revolutionary figure from a minor aristocracy family assassinated him tricked him saying she was on his side kills him in his bath tub iii Holding letter iv The pen is mightier than the sword v Hand falls down towards knife 2 Antoine Jean Gros a Pest house at jaffa i In 1799 while on campaigns in jaffa napoleons army fell victim to plague epidemic ii Napoleon visited them in a hospital where they were being treated 3 Jacques Louis David a Napoleon Crossing the Alps i Put him in foreground ii Larger than life size iii Engaged eye iv Control of animal v Hannibal vi Charles the great Contrast man on horse back I u Romanticism literature the sublime 1 Theodore Gericault a The mounted officer of the imperial Guard i A deserter anti hero fleeing from battle tragic story the 2 George Stubbs a Lion attacking a horse i Irrational nature ii Irrational consciencsness nightmares iii Tragic events shipwrecks murder iv Tragic heros martyrs 3 Henry Fusei a The nightmare 4 Jad ingres An incubus is a demon in male form who according to a number of mtheylogical and legendary traditions lies upon sleepers especially women in order to have intercourse with them Germanic folktales in bad dream people were visited by horses or hags giving rise to the tems hagriding for nightmares a Oedipus and the sphinx Oedipus greek mythology who has been prophesied to have a tragic ife While on his way to thebes encounters in a cave a sphinx The sphinx has been posing a riddle to all who passed wht is it that has a voice and walks on four legs in the morning and on two at noon and on three in the eveing Solves riddle a human who as child crawls on fours adult walks on two legs and in old age uses a stick as a third leg b The grande odalisques i ii 5 Francisco goya The exotic Feathered fan turban a The sleep of reason produces monsters i ii ii v Self portrait of him going to sleep Pass from rationality to dream like state See his dream like state Spanish on desk he fell asleep on b Saturn of devouring his children Saturncronos roman god It was prophesized that one day Saturn would lose power when one of his children would depose him To prevent this from happening each time his wife delivered child Saturn would immediately devour it 6th child Jupiter was born wife gave him a rock Out of focus tenebroso engaged eye Dark background Very moody c The family of carlos iv Shadows creeping into the room d Third of may On may 2quotd 1808 spanish peasants rose up against the mercenarie of napoleons occupying army in Madrid On may 3 those revolutionaries were killed by firing squad by French army Six year later goya paid tribute to it with painting Tenebroso v Sublime moment tragic vi Viewers vantage point vii Not didatic Important Terms 1 French Revolution reform a Each day in the republican calendar was divdied into ten horus each hour into 100 decimal minutes Thus hour was 144 conventional minutes more than twice as long as normal 12 months same years were different started 1791 was now year 1 Renamed all of months and days Storming of Bastille a prison reign of terror more than 18000 citizens executed by guillotine in the years 1793 t 1794 f Signing of the rights of man 1 men are born and remind free and equal in rights Social distinctions may be founded only upon the general good i 2 The am of all political association is the preservation of the natural and 5195 imprescriptibly rights of man ii g Cult of the hero h Propagandistic art i The sublime irrationality can lead to understanding how people learn and become education how they change fouced on the physicological effects for the sublime in particular the dual emotion quality of fear and attraction by Edmund burke j Edmund burke 1 Theodore Gericault a The mounted officer of the imperial guard b The raft of the medusa i The medusa a naval frigate ran aground off Mauritania in July ii Only about 250 people of 400 could fit into lifeboats iii On jerry built raft about 150 of others were set adrift iv By times of their rescue 13 days later only 15 survived v Survived through cannibalism vi Were arrested for that vii Very sublime subject matter viii 16ft by 23 feet ix 8 months x Built raft in studio xi Represented nature xii Storm on left side of composition c Portraits of the insane i Envy 1 Not really shown doing anything 2 Shows dual nature ofthe sublime 2 Eugene Delacroix a The death of sardanapalus i 9th CBC Sardanapalus the last king of Assyria ii Upon facing his defeat by an invading enemy ordered his wives slain before his eyes his palace set afire and then he took his own life iii Watching the murder iv While lots of red no blood for red everything else is red b Medea i Medea was abandoned by her husband Jason of the Argonauts took her two children by Jason ii l this filicide is motivated by insanity c Lion hunt i Visits NAfrica in 1932 ii After nature iii Battling several lions d Women of Algiers i While in north Africa ii Harem iii Smelled drugs in air iv Watching particular way of living v Opium pipe in center vi Not so much the painting but the experience was sublime 3 Delacroix a Paganini Died in 1840 was Italian violinist and composer ii He was one of most celebrated violin virtuosi of his time iii Very sublime 4 Jad ingres a Paganini i Less sublime than above 5 Casper david friedrich a Cloister in the snow i Specialized in painting where they saw humans inventions in a natural setting i39 How small humanity isin the face of nature b Wanderer i See him looking at nature ii Looks forceful iii Peaks of rocks iv Not sure how he got there v Nature is sublime c Wreck of the hope i Instead of looking of tragic victims on raft boat is seen in picture 6 JMW Turner a Burning of the houses of parliament series i 16th October 1834 houses of parliament along thames river burnt down ii Burned for 5 hours an dattracted massive crowds iii JMW turner set up an easel and painted b Slave ship i Anti slavery ii Middle ground focus iii Tossed slaves overboard to lighten his load iv Painted it as a manifesto V In foreground slaves drowning and eaten by fish vi Ship sailing offin the distance vii No fire or flamein actual c Burial at sea d Rain steam and speed i Nature vs technology 7 John constable a Wivenhoe park i Nothing tragic ii Trees in clouds iii Clouds in trees b The haywain i Humans in nature ii Pantheist idea iii Represented not only by the painting but by including their inventions iv Wheel v Mill for harnessing water vi Domesticated animals vii Wagon for carting hay c Clouds i 8 John kensett a Morning on the Hudson i We watch the people watch and have an experience 9 Albert Bierstadt a Amonth the sierra Nevada mountains California i 6 by 10 feet ii Meant to really advertise how beautiful landscape is in cali iii Nothing ominous iv Sublime experience with definite political agenda 10 Frederic church a Niagara falls
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