SOC101 Week 2
SOC101 Week 2 SOC 101 Whitaker - Intro to Sociology
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Emma Natzke on Friday January 23, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 101 Whitaker - Intro to Sociology at Arizona State University taught by Whitaker in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 298 views. For similar materials see Intro to Sociology in Sociology at Arizona State University.
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Date Created: 01/23/15
Module 9 a of people is a group of people who live in the same area are not dependent of those around them and share a common culture largest form of human group customs knowledge objects and behaviors that are learned and passed down socially Module 10 in sociological terms culture is defined as all objects and ideas of a society assumptions in everyday life reflect the basic values beliefs and customs of the culture in an area ex parents being careful when crossing the street with children common practices and beliefs among societies varies through societies changes over time a lot of them are adaptations that were made to fulfill the needs of humans causes conformity to the standards of goods and services that are in high demand Theodor Adorno believed that the main effect of pop culture worldwide is to limit people s choices believing one s culture and way of life is considered normal or is better than others coined by William Graham Sumner world perspective is heavily influenced by the society we were raised in seeing other people s behavior from their cultural perspective instead of one s own serious and biasfree effort at evaluating norms value and customs the study of the biological impact on the social behavior of humans many of human culture traits are learned and are not in any way affiliated with our genetic makeup focuses on the affect of genetic composition of a group of people who have common characteristics on human nature social situations and experiences can top genetic influences when it comes to behavior conflict theorists and functionalists also believe in this conflict theorists are in fear that sociobiologists could be use their perspective as an argument opposing efforts in helping the disadvantaged Founded on Darwin s theory of evolution guag is the foundation of every culture includes speech written characters numerals symbols nonverbal gestures and expressions emphasis on using warlike words in English ex making a killing on the stock market Aforeigner would be able to tell the impact war has had on our country based on our use of language assets not having to deal with money like family background or previous educational investments These are shown in a person by their knowledge of language and the arts Language also shapes a culture Sapir and Whorf proposed that since people can only analyze the world with language language precedes thought and that is culturally determined ex people in the Sami culture can make verbal distinctions about snow and ice that US citizens can not so US citizens less likely to notice those differences Feminists noted that language referring to gender can reflect but not necessarily determine the expectance or normalcy of men and women fulfilling certain occupa ons ex mailman policeman fireman vs mail carriers police officers firefighters a house where everyone living there 14 and older speak a language that is not English and in addition don t speak English well It is increasing with time using gestures facial expressions or any other form of communication without speech learned from people within the same culture are gestures objects and words that are responsible for forming the basis of human communication in a society ex thumbsup a gold star standards that are widely shared and understood in a society Formal norms are recorded and have specific and strict punishments for violations of tbhem laws qualify as social control by the government norms enforced by the state lnformal norms are norms that are understood but not exactly written down There is no specific punishment or consequence for violating them ex standards of proper dress heterosexuality is a social norm in society because homosexuality is treated as a rare exception nowadays Mores are norms that are seen as crucial a society s welfare Violation of these have severe punishments Folkways are norms that govern behavior on a daytoday basis therefore shaping daily behavior of that culture Violation of these is of little concern ex walking up a down escalator Sanctions reward and punishment basis for the behavior concerning a social norm values overall perspective of what is good or bad desirable or un desirable in a culture they have an influence on behavior and set a criteria for evaluating others they differ by person or group values for money power and status grew while values about concern for others decreased also the value of cleaning the environment decreased along with a decline in academic integrity and in citizens right to privacy following 911 2001 patriot act allowed the FBI access to medical library academic and phone records without informing them first or obtaining a search warrant when South Korea started putting time limits and fees on education it was labelled as more American the overall view of a society as the result of controversial cultural events clash of civilization thesis implies that cultural and religious identities are starting to become the main reason for international conflict over political loyalties culture and society are mutually supportive functionalists believe that in order for social stability there needs a consensus and support from the members of the society They believe that that support is provided by strong central values and common norms they also believe a cultural trait or a practice will live on only if it fills needs of the society or if it benefits the overall social stability and consensus Conflict theorists argue that although common culture exists it only does to manage the social structure of the groups the set of cultural beliefs and practices that help to maintain a powerful social economic and political interest