Advanced Japanese I
Advanced Japanese I JAPN 3001
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verified elite notetaker
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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Delia Lueilwitz on Monday November 2, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to JAPN 3001 at Georgia Institute of Technology - Main Campus taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see /class/233936/japn-3001-georgia-institute-of-technology-main-campus in Japanese at Georgia Institute of Technology - Main Campus.
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Date Created: 11/02/15
Chapter 7 1 7 3 pp 341356 I Using verbs of giving The idea that X gives Y a gift is expressed by the following structure Please pay close attention to the verbs and particles lGiverli Recipientll Gift Verb of giving 2 W6 type lt 2 6 type I Japanese has two types ofverbs of giving mm bhof Je inkanji bJ fZg lt 2H6 ltlt fi inkanji T Z3 Speaker39s family ingroup l l Figure 1 In Figure 1 if the gift moves upward T then one of the verbs from 2 DB 6 group is used On the other hand if the gift moves downward i then one of the verbs from lt 2H6 group is used Between two third parties the default verb is 2 W6 However if the speaker feels closer to the recipient as below lt 216 may be used gllja b lt hfca i EHEP bll i T 07Lo The difference between these verbs is the degree of politeness as indicated below less polite lt gt More polite 2 Of 6 L 2 Of 6 lt 2 6 lt 7 6 26 0 un H m M NH Fonnstance mu lt h n k m were Iquot m V m talkmg about hisher own mother no sueh deference is due Thus lt fi z is mappropnate as m B A yyv7ri H m Want3313 Arwm B 22 EM siLL39ltfi afcgt AT Fm m the blanks thh be appropn ate verb of ngmg 1 t EH 222 CHEF 7M T wi mm More examples 1 A 55 EUbik5C wiLfce B m b ma 55 awmgwenmyouw 2 A win 7k ib 573 B maniwbih 3 A H k m Emtamb m imwv B 3quotHi 313 kink AI WE Viwmle 4 A U275Ui E 5T Lfcmy B 753 AT W e k1 5 bbgt1fcf l 5 A m E5Lfcm Eaton B 55M ibil vvi 19 Cautinn M sound PF w um m h domg 15 a FAVOR Note example 1 duectly above and pp 3491 617k Liifi L 5 73gt eg 16303 L2 WEEK 1 will give you a souvenir as a favor to you gt 1830T T1 x 35 5 0 Here s a souvenir Please accept it for me II Using verbs of receiving The idea that X receives a gift from Y is expressed by the following structure Please pay close attention to the verbs and particles lRecipientli Giverll E Gift Verb of receiving 7 E 5 1 73 7 lt I r Lli ilCH39i isEI ibfco Lultfiw 9353K TEE b fcfi ibfco Study how giving verbs can be rewritten using receiving verbs A IVSUFVK fHF7VV F 33 IIH b lt2hi L730 aNVV54VK 47VVFKSZVfEWiLKO Ma 33 axmmuwr wim enigma Momma wcfagi ma a mmm lthibh f39 i tau 1071K T b i L73 Notes 1 The speaker cannot be the giver EHEF Ali xll E 7 E0730 2 If the giver is the institution 73 E instead of ii is used Thus 7 U K bli ii WEr ll QEMZS 76 E0730 3 1 73 7 lt is a humble counterpart of 7i E 5 Thus when the deference is due to the giver 1 73 7 lt should be used xli fl flill 16303 W737 L730 4 When talking to someone outside the family do not use 1 73 73 i 79quot even if the giver is your parent xli Sill EQRWTVE W7 73 i L730 unacceptable xli 5N 16303 7 Eb i L730 28 0amp0 b b b st it 5 n Mai 11 Exprexing desire using KL and v 1 1 Lh tL h A Expnming desire fur summing JusLhke Luwakesme r p sun sub act m astatemenL uthe secund p sun subject m a quesnun asbeluw Because nuns Xxs u en rimmed Nutethe pzmclexs 73K nut 2 xvi vat mm x Spmk Shth Hmrermqllem 0 mama mm mm mum 3 7 rmbbi mu When expressing someone else39s desire ii L 39C l Z is used as below Note the particle is 2 not 733 IX H Y 5 i3 L OTl Ez X someone else 652ii ll DVDamp tiws ofw 7394 7wxyaw2 tiws ofw N ii U1 can be used to express someone else39s desire ifit is embeddedin N 2 x o T x i i 7C 5 3quot A Note that With these three forms the particle 733 instead of 2 is used 8Mi 7w47r7m 7y H tibwkwofwit dJEE EEti r bElztimliTv7 libm c f l 10 l lto aVti iW s tiLwmfot B Expressing desire for someone to do something The desired action is expressed by a V T and followed by ii U1 as beloW Note that the person one Wants to carry out the desired action is marked With the particle ii tht Yb v1 mm El Wig it 151 iii 75 m 315k 11 57h ko ibwm iau 12 amp j ii E H eriLwVmw 105Eti 75mm 7 gt2 Fa w iLfoot Wt 11 whom ylv CAkti bf iiLlt mt whom lv cAk 1me ELIT fUE
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