American Government INTA 1200
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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Andy Weber on Monday November 2, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to INTA 1200 at Georgia Institute of Technology - Main Campus taught by Robert Kennedy in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see /class/233967/inta-1200-georgia-institute-of-technology-main-campus in International Affairs at Georgia Institute of Technology - Main Campus.
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Date Created: 11/02/15
Test 3 review 1 Iquot S P Equot 9 N 9 53 0 Article 1 section 2 3 and 4 a Who can be elected how often elected how people in states are represented how often reps meet House of reps term limit every 2 years eligible citizen for 7 years and 25 years old and live in state you rep representation based on size of population Senate 17 h amendment direct election of senators as opposed to being appointed earlier term length 6 years and 30 years old and live in state that you rep and citizen for 9 years reps determined 2 senetors per state Electoral college all rep senators and district of Columbia 538 total you have to get 270 votes to win electoral college Cottail effect incumbents or challengers decide whether they want to use the president to get upped Profile of legislators male middle age college educated middle to upper class income Criticism of media shallow and illusion of knowledge and misrepresents facts and entertainment masquerading as news aka infotainment Business involvement of media tv stations are owned by major corps like time warner and Disney and could lead to mis rep news Christian science monitor has no influences on it Three principal functions of media media is a gate keeper what becomes important topics score keeper interprets results of political actions make or break politicians and watch dog expose bad behavior of political figures Politician and press ground rules off the record cannot print or quote what politician says on deep background press can print what politician says but can t quote them or attribute to anyone on background you can print you can t quote but you can say govt sources revealed this on the record you can print and quote politician Dual federalism state and national govt are responsible for separate policy areas and cooperative federalism state local and national govt share most domestic policy areas what we have now Federal incentive for state action categorical grant federal funds given to state for specific purpose only block grant federal funds aren t specifically defined for what they can be used for unfunded mandate states must enact policies but no funds given State political cultures moralistic citizens believe govt action should promote public interest for high quality of life individualistic market place is best for distributing resources and distrust of 16 H l H 00 H RD N O N H govt traditionalistic expects govt to maintain existing power structures within society and change is bad Progressive reforms on democracypeople concerned about political corruption and govt not serving interests of people initiative citizens are able to place constitutional amendment on ballot and they can vote and bypass legislature referendum bills passed by state legislatures go on ballot for voter approval recall citizens can remove a someone from office before their term IS up State executive reforms reforms with state governors governors used to be weak and had low pay 1960s reformers were enacted and increased governor salary and lengthened term of office and gave more control over state budget appoint senior officials veto legislation Georgia a Senate no more than 56 senators we have 56 today you have to be 25 years old to be considered for senate a citizen for at least 2 years 2 years term b House of reps no less than 180 reps we have 180 today must be at least 21 years old state citizen for at least 2 years 2 years term no more than 40 days of legislative sessions c Governor term length is 4 years and can serve 2 term must be at least 30 years old citizen for 15 years citizen of Georgia for 6 years d Lt governor kinda like vice pres assigned duties by governor presides as president of senate same eligibility as governor e Georgia supreme court no more than 9 justices today we have 7 term length is 6 years long justices are like chiefjustice Public policy policy created by govt to solve problem everyone shares collectively ex policy highways welfare gay rights clean water Public policy Generate equity procedural equity govt equal opp for everyone to obtain rewards from society equal opportunity substitive equity some outcomes are prohibited if bad for some people equal outcome Two areas of public policy domestic and foreign and one can affect the other 3 domestic policy redistributive have to have nots welfare unemployment compensation distributivegovt encourages citizens to or not to perform certain actions buy homes regulatory specifies how citizens may conduct themselves civil and criminal laws Key reforms employee liability act of 1908 ended contract pay hired someone and wouldn t pay them till period was over fair labor standards act 1938 established minimum wage and N N N N N N N 9 N W W W W W appropriate hours and ended child labor equal rights amendment not ratified 3538 necessary states have accepted it attempted to establish rights for working women Types of taxation regressive poor pay larger share of income for tax progressivehigher income pay higher taxes proportional all incomes pay same tax Economic policy improve wellbeing of citizens by bringing overall growth and stability to the economy How does govt affect the economy Affect supply and demand making sure certain goods and services are provided ensure health and safety of workforce and consumers Govt tools to affect economy macroeconomic policies fiscal govt manipulating spending and taxation and monetaryfed reserve manipulate money supply and how much credit is available policies quantatives bank buy financial assets from feds so they can give more money out and effect supply and demand subsidiesgovt provide support to businesses and these affect how much goods they producetax incentive for foreign investors public ownership if certain act is too risky the govt takes it on regulationgovt regulates private business supreme court decision Munn vs Illinois in 1877 deregulation govt can ease burdens of business Supplyside economics associated with Ragan in the 80s ec theory increase growth by providing economic incentives and adjust tax rates like lowering income tax National debt 15 trillion budget deficit is 13 trillion Foreign policy provide wellbeing and security for citizens through interactions with foreign governments Strategies in foreign policy influence country can have effect by just being the country you are persuasion intentionally encourage another to takenot take a certain action deterrence discourage another from taking an action cold war coercion encourage someone to do something with the threat of force compellence ability to achieve a preferred outcome by using actual force Who makesmanages American foreign policy executive branch president and national security council pres vice pres sec of state and sec of defense state department and department of feds Government tools of foreign policy diplomacy engaging in discussions with other countries negotiation with other countries economic tools aid to foreign countries sanctions basic military force psychological tool like appealing to what is good and right What is strategy Integrated application of available means to achieve desired ends Origins of AFP Faith in individual people are governed through consent property rights free market ideology
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