Notes from Week 2
Notes from Week 2 ANTH 1002
Popular in Social Anthropology
Popular in anthropology, evolution, sphr
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by email@example.com Notetaker on Friday January 23, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 1002 at George Washington University taught by Sarah Wagner in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 403 views. For similar materials see Social Anthropology in anthropology, evolution, sphr at George Washington University.
Reviews for Notes from Week 2
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 01/23/15
Week 2 Honancy Miner piece in class assessment Entering into another culture if you are a mere travelers that is going to restrict your understanding Claude LeviStrauss o Argued against the argument that primitive society is somehow intellectually inferior than modern ones no writing 0 Theory of Structuralism I Universal cognitive ability stimuli of our senses I Dualism basic meaning comes from opposites Depend on one another one defines the others Symbolic packages make associations Savage mind developed a complex symbolism in their bodies tattoosj manifest their position in society 0 Ethnocentrism I The tendency to view one s own culture as superior and to apply one s own cultural value in judging the behavior and beliefs of people raised in other cultures 0 Cultural relativism I The viewpoint that behavior in one culture should not be judged by the standards of another culture I Understand why it exists as it does The Body ritual among the Nacirema 0 Who are the nacirema I North America group I Americans 0 History I Potomac river and a cherry tree is chopped out American history 0 Body ritual gt a critique of our customs and values We are very concerned with our appearance trapped into a body that is ugly and rejected by societyquot Possible midterm question How does Horance Miner s essay nacirema help explain the concept of ethnocentrism 0 Define term 0 Provide specific example Victorian Anthropology and civilizations compared 0 The emergence of anthropology the Enlightnmnent and 19th cent Rationalism 0 Darwin and The Origin of Species 0 Victorian anthropologists questions and methods 0 EB Tylor and cultural evolution a definition of culture and outline of the field Picture of indigenous in class Study of the primitive and savage are made to the European 0 Anthropology has a dubious origin Enlightenment or Age of reason 0 Descartes Newton Harvey Voltaire Locke Smith 0 Scientific revolutions and scientific method 0 Not limited to science in uenced philosophy anthropology categorize and classify 0 In uence of the enlightenment man are rational actorsquot the more we know about our world the more we can control it Charles Darwin 18091882 0 The origins of species evolution published 1859 0 Was cautious in sharing his ideas because they were evolutionary o Romanticism 0 German literature and art 0 The enlightment and that man is a rational actor arises other aspects of human existence we are not all about the intellect It is also about the spirit and about the soul also invokes knowledge o Hobbes say that the natural state of man is war Victorian Anthropology Background 0 Queen Victoria 18191901 reigned from 1837 until her death in 1901 o 25 of the world s population owed socalled allegiance to the queen empressquot 0 Something tyler was a subject of queen Victoria 0 did we descend from the same beingstockquot o Monogenesis 0 Or we descended from different ancestors o Polygenesis 0 Victorian anthropologists as armchair anthropologists relied on secondhand sources 0 Colonial administrators o Missionaries o Gentlemen traveler o Naturalists 0 Anthropology is emerging in the middle of romanticism and enlightenment encompass political economy Edward Burnett Tylor Primitive Culture in 1871 defining culture as an object of study Founding figures of anthropology The first person that defines culture and how should we study it Scientific endeavor After origin of species and was attentive to its argument Argues that culture evolve over time and evolution can go on different directions 000000 0 O Ethnographic sense producing a written record cultural and civilization are equivalent bounding group of people culture and civilization Culture is acquired from one member to the next Laws of human thought of social behavior Uniform action of uniform causes I Human beings are uniform to uniform actions and causes human kind have cognitive capacity I We are going to develop the same weapons if they contain the same thoughts even if separated with time and space I He says we are trapped in hierarchy there should be a linear movement to move through the grades of civilization responsibility of those who are civilized to lift up societyquot9 he is a defender of this civilized mission To the ethnographer the bow and arrow is a species the habit of attening children s skulls is a species the practice of reckoning by tens is a species I What does he mean by this Why does he use the term species A in uence of Darwin by using species he is saying that species can evolve become guns or whatever Trying to make anthropology resignate with these other scientific regiment classify and categorize species and make conclusions out of that data If we can move up the species we can classify and dignify the order
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'