Week 2 Notes
Week 2 Notes HIST 2340W
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by firstname.lastname@example.org Notetaker on Friday January 23, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 2340W at George Washington University taught by Professor Brasinzky in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 285 views. For similar materials see US Diplomatic History in History at George Washington University.
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Date Created: 01/23/15
Week 2 Readings Federalist 10 o The advantage of a republic over a democracy because in the republic the elected body is representing the interests of the people while in a democracy is most likely to be chaotic because each individual is representing their own interests 0 Two methods of curing the mischievous of factions 1 removing its causes 2 controlling its effects I There can t be one because otherwise there will be no property or liberty which was the basis of USA I 2 controlling its effects will cause a control in the parties elected they should prevail Washington s farewell address 0 The President s very long speech saying that even though he was not going to be in office anymore his patriotism still was true to America Manifest Destiny 0 The idea that USA had a duty to protect foreign countries from the oppression of liberties and monarchies 0 They were a nation of progress and obtained a principle worthy of admiration to the entire world since their basis was not formed based on cruelty or oppression 0 Against the power of monarchy and aristocracy Monroe Doctrine o It was American duty to protect the whole American from European powers 0 They should never intervene in the inside government of such countriesquot 0 United states was a modeled country to be followed by the remaining American countries American Foreign Policy before 1865 The great dilemma 0 Americans believed it was their mission and destiny to transform the globe 0 They still lacked the power to do so Nation building at home 0 Isolationism Prevent European in uence form corrupting America s democratic experiment 0 Territorial expansion 0 Keep the European Powers out of America decolonization of south America 0 Right to a neutral commerce Constitution was framed to accommodate the growth of American power 0 Republican form of government superior to democracy I Protecting minority rights I More factions more people more land and territory I Creating a constitution that generates a framework that enables you to have a larger nation I Madison became secretary of state become very critical and the new republic was created so it can grow stronger anted larger I Extending the sphere territory population George Washington Farewell address 0 Washington s afraid of foreign interference I Not to become partial to any single nation drag into their con icts against theory of isolation I Ability to impact America s political system will be greater I Limiting commercial autonomy I USA will become a power by isolating itself will make itself stronger one day Neutrality as a means of strength I Separate your political policy from economic right to peaceful commerce Lousiana Purchase 0 Expand American territory 0 Pressure put on France 0 Removed Europeans from Western Frontiers AdamsOnis treaty 1819 o Concern that other European Powers would take advantage of Spain s decline 0 Andrew Jackson campaign against Seminole Indians The war of 1812 o The impossibility of neutral trade 0 British challenges 0 Embargos Changes in USA policy to war 0 Burning of the new sense of the vulnerability o Nation must be more vigilant about its defense 0 Need for national unity The Monroe doctrine and the great dilemma o No further European colonization in western hemisphere o Implicit expansionism Iohn O Sullivan and Manifest Destiny 0 Territorial expansion as the route to national greatness o EXPAND Have the entire hemisphere of your oor Iamers k Polk s expansion 0 1 Acquisition of Oregon 0 2 the Mexican war Alfred Tahyer Mahan o Naval officer and Professor Naval War College 0 Most important strategist of the 19th Cquot 0 keep the foreign in uence out GW man 0 distinction between politics and commerce GW man I neutral commerce 0 mentions quotportsquot naval basesquot 0 calls for construction of a new navy 0 calls for the acquisition of pseudo colonies US economy in the late 19th century 0 Second industrial revolution I Newly industrial revolution steel rails electric light steam turbine internal combustion engine all made transport cheaper and more efficient I Modernization of agriculture American farming made more productive through harvesting machines 0 Economic downturns I Panic of 1873 I Panic of 1893 I David Ames Wells The Problem of quotoverproductionquot Idea that American industrial dynamo is producing too much 0 1898 annexation of Hawaii I 1893 US citizens engineer overthrow of Quuen Lili oukalani I debates over annexation I McKinley decision to annex 1898 Frederick Iackson Turner 0 Historian at the University of Wiscosin 0 Frontier was essential for the development of American democracy 0 Important source of social mobility Turner 0 Expansionist energies would continue to operate when frontiers closed 0 Predicted that this would create demand for more vigorous foreign policy Iosiah Strong 0 American protestant clergyman 0 Had been engaged in promoting missionary activity in west 0 Social Darwinism can be applied to international relations 0 US must conquer other people to demonstrate its superiority Brooks Adams 0 Grandson John Quincy Adams 0 Historian and critic of capitalism 0 Law of civilization and Decay I Barbaric society 0 Need to conquer new sources of energy Olmey Note 0 US must and will intervene if its interest in the hemisphere are threatened o Extends USA duty to explore beyond USA hemisphere Samoan Crisis 0 Standoff between Britain USA and Germany over Samoa 0 1887 US naval base at Pago Pago I led to disputes over governance of parts of island I Near War with Germany led to diplomatic solution and division of island
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