Week 11 Notes for Pruitt's class
Week 11 Notes for Pruitt's class SOCL 100
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Allyson Notetaker on Monday November 2, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOCL 100 at Western Kentucky University taught by Matthew Pruitt in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 37 views. For similar materials see Introductory Sociology in Sociology at Western Kentucky University.
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Date Created: 11/02/15
Week 10 Notes Sexual Orientation o ToleranceAcceptance 1 People whose parents are more accepting are usually more accepting 2 Femalestend to be more tolerant 3 People with friends that are gay tend to be more tolerant o Lesstolerant 1 Religious people 2 Person withouta high school diploma 3 Workinglowerclass individuals Sex the biological characteristics that distinguish males and females Gender socially constructed ideas ofappropriate social roles behaviors dress etcfor males and females 0 Genderare learned differences not genetics 0 Gender is a device where society controls its members Genderterms for promiscuity that we learn 1 More words for women who are promiscuous than males 2 All wordsfor women are negative 3 Some ofthe wordsfor men are positive Social factors are the reasons we do what we do its largely learned Barbies o fthe doll was blown up to the average height breasts 39 waist 18 hips 33 shoe size child size 3 o 1965 slumberparty Barbie came with a bathroom scale numberwas 110lbs and also came with a booklet of quothow to lose weight opened the booklet that read quotdon t eat 0 1980 another Barbie came out with a string in its back that when pulled said quotmath is hard Ge nderStratification 0 Men and women s unequal access to power property and prestige o All societies are stratified by gender some are less than others 0 Western European countries tend to be less stratified than the rest ofthe world 0 Less stratified in Scandinavia than in Western European countries 0 Around the world gender is the primary division between people caused by the stratificationsin society 0 Females are classified as a minority group because historically they have been denied equal access to property power and prestige Patriarchy male dominance ofa society Feminism the view that biology is not destiny and that stratification by gender is wrong 2 waves offeminism 1 Late 19 early 20th century 2 groups of feminists a Radical feminist wanted to reform all of society s institution they we re seeking broad social change in all society b Majoritylarge groups offeminists primary focus is getting women the right to vote 2 Late 605 second wave of feminism a Women entering laborforce facing plenty discrimination low pay and harassment sexual harassment very difficult to get paid morepromotion Violence against women Genderdifferences in pay 0 Misleading statistic 78 cents for women ofeve ry 15 men earn 0 Human capital factors level ofeducation work experience training people with greater human capital can command others with lesser human capital and can get highersalaries 0 Dual Labor Market 2 teared labor market 0 Top professional administrative and technical jobs often have higherpay 0 Bottom service domestic often women unskilledjobs Genderdiscrimination o Historically women have been deniedjobs on direct grounds solely based on that they re women 0 Women have sometimes been deniedjobs on indirect grounds 0 About 60 of college students are females today women earn a majority of undergraduatemasters degrees 1970 medicine only about 8 ofwomen are grads 2002 A44 increase Dental 1970 1 2002 39 Law 1970 5 2002 48 THE HANDOUT WE GOT lN CLASS The glass ceiling the invisible barrierthat keeps women from reaching the executive suite in the workplace 0 Men who dominate the upperlevels of companies preferand fasttrack other men for senior positions 0 Women are more likely to lack mentors and coaches as well The Glass Escalator o Sociologist Christine Williams interviewed men who worked in what we re traditionally considered quotwomen squot occupations 0 Instead of men bumping into the glass ceiling they climbed across the glass escalator they accelerated into higher level positions and received higher pay The changingface of politics 0 Men greatly outnumberwomen in political office 0 Not until 1992 was the first African American women elected to the US senate o 2012 17 women in Senate 76435 in the House 0 19th amendment gave women the right to vote in 1920 o 2015 20 women in the senate 84 in the House 0 Women are underrepresented forthe following reasons 0 They are underrepresented in those careers from which politicians stem aw and business 0 Irregular hours are incompatiblewith traditional motherhood roles Children who watch more TV commercials have strongersex typed attitudes than children who see fewercommercials Sexism o Thebeliefthatonesexissuperiortoanotherthisisanideology o A lot of religions thinkthat men should have poweroverwomen Marriage and family in global perspective 0 Family an intimate group of 2 or more people who live togetherin a committed relationship care for one anotherand children and share close emotional ties and functions 0 Marriage a socially approved mating relationship that peopleexpect to be stable and endunng Marriage and family in theoretical perspective 0 Functionalists believe the family is universal because it fulfills basic needs 0 Care ofthe sick and elderly 0 Socialization ofchildren 0 Sexual control 0 Reproduction Wealth flow o Upward from children to parents in undeveloped countries children are economicasset o In developed countries the wealth flows downward Fewer children when they are not an economicasset Total fertility rate 0 The average numberofchildren born perwoman o 188 is known as replacement level fertility 0 Migration is a way to raise population in place DINKs double income no kids 0 Conflict theorists believe within the family there is a struggle overscarce resources 0 Women pull a quotsecond shift at home
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