PY 370 Chapter 2 Notes
PY 370 Chapter 2 Notes PY 370
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Gretchen Pierce on Friday January 23, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PY 370 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Sheila Black in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 164 views. For similar materials see History and Systems in Psychlogy at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 01/23/15
Chapter 2 The Renaissance 1 What was the Renaissance a Discoveries in science church was still in charge b Beautiful art c People started to think about the scientific method and applying it to the mind creation of Psychology 2 Scientific Discoveries a Gutenberg printing press b Iohn Broughton s Psychologia or An Account of the Nature of the Rational Soul c Copernicus heliocentric discovery through experience data you could make new discoveries d Galileo and the telescope provide empirical evidence of Copernicus ideas e Newton physicist and use of scientific method 3 Inductive vs Deductive Reasoning a Inductive 9 start with bits and pieces of information form a hypothesis Starts outside of yourself b Deductive 9 check logic given premises correct use careful logic to develop hypothesis 4 Contributions of Philosophers a Descartes i Rationalist and Nativism ii Eccentric iii Doubted everything without proof iv 1 think therefore I amquot I am thinking right now and ifI am thinking I am a real person I exist v Dualism separates soul and body vi Forerunner of Nativism some notions are innate vii Animals vs Humans didn t think animals could think mindful thoughts but humans did thought animals were incapable of having the feelings emotions that humans did would subject animals to surgery with no anesthesia viii Summoned to help Queen who wanted to have fun without annoying God tried but she was a bad student b Associationism i In psychology the theory that the mind learns by combining simple irreducible elements through association ii You can process a concept easier if you compare it to a similar association iii Concepts will cooccur c HobbesAssociationism i Associations between elements of the mind could occur through habit wishes and repetition ii Probably best known for his view of mankind 1 Individuals are aggressive animals 2 3 d Locke Individuals act in their own selfinterest The life of man is solitary poor nasty brutish and shortquot i Noted as the first British Empiricist 1 2 Rejected Descartes notions of innate ideas and pure speculation as a means of inquiry your ideas need to be confirmed by evidence not just speculation Advocated the observational experimental scientific method used by Newton and Harvey ii Locke s notions of human understanding 1 gt195er just as Newton had conceived of the universe as a huge clockwork with rules Locke wanted to see if there were rules that governed the human mind Locke wanted to refract consciousness into the most basic elements just as Newton had a Reductionistic and atomistic Locke is empiricist Human mind is a blank slate All knowledge comes through experience Two types of knowledge from ideas a Sensation hard red loudquot b Re ection ideas of our own mental representations remembering perceiving abstracting iii The association of ideas 1 2 3 Combining simple ideas into complex ideas Bringing two simple ideas together and seeing the relation between them Abstraction separating ideas from other ideas that accompany them iv Evidence to support Locke s contention that everything is learned 1 e Berkeley The blind who receive sight people who are blind from birth and receive sight late on in life when this happens the people are confusedwhy because it is learned through science i Believed that knowledge comes from experience empiricist ii Subjective idealism or radical immaterialism 1 2 3 Existence of external world depends on perception Can something exist if it is never perceived God perceives it thus it does exist iii mighty framequot of the world would not exist without a mind to perceive it 5 18th Century Associationism a David Hume i ii iii iv vi Pneumatic Philosophy Distinguished between impressions and ideas ideas become impressions impressions come from the mind physical properties Impressions are considered more lively than ideas When impression and ideas occur together they become associated The idea begins to resemble the impression Three ideas of association 1 Contiguity in time and place 2 Cause and effect 3 Resemblance 6 19th Century Associationism a James Mill and John Stuart Mill 1 ii iii iv V vi Iames father John son Interesting psychological dynamic between father and son Academic rigor so intense that he John S Mill had no time for friends or playmate Advocate for women Learned but not about life Utilitarianism 1 Like predecessors John S Mills believed that sensations lead to ideas 2 Sensationsideas combination of simple ideas 3 Utilitarian 4 Psychology be a specific science b Alexander Bain 1 ii iii iv v Founded the journal Mind issues related to psychology Physiologist Interested in movements in habits Distrusted speculation and arm chair theorizing Sympathetic to the experimental method for advancing psychology