Nov 2 Lecture Notes
Nov 2 Lecture Notes HTW 402
Popular in Implem & Eval of Health Programs
Popular in Public Health
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alyson Forman on Monday November 2, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HTW 402 at Syracuse University taught by L. Narine in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 29 views. For similar materials see Implem & Eval of Health Programs in Public Health at Syracuse University.
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Date Created: 11/02/15
Ethics Tvpoloqies and Approaches Teleological Ethics Utilitarian Approach Deontological Ethics The Rights Approach The Fairness or Justice Approach The Common Good Approach The Virtue Approach TeleologicalUtilitarian Perspectives Maximizing welfareutility as the ultimate goal Market values health and labor are paramount Price as the common metric highest and best economic use Value determined through personal preferences and casting of dollar votes Benefitcost analysiscontingent valuation Present discounting Deontoloqical Perspectives Individual rights and respect for personal autonomy Culpability and prevention of harm Social justice and equity Duties to future generations Duties to keep promises Duties to larger geographic publics and communities 5 Approaches to Moral lssues 1 The Utilitarian Approach identify courses of action ask who will be affected choose the action with greatest benefit and least harm Efficiency Rationing The Rights Approach Does the action respect the moral rights of everyone Patient Privacy and Confidentiality HlPPA Informed Consent The Fairness or Justice Approach How fair is the action Does it show favoritism or discrimination The CommonGood Approach Are policies systems institutions and environments beneficial to all Does the action respect individual freedom while furthering common goals The Virtue Approach Development of individual character traits Cultivating particular virtues might contribute to better society and thus health Sharing Generosity Cooperation Combination of Approaches The Common Good Approach personal responsibility Moral Hazard The Free Rider Problem The Virtue Approach Person Responsibility Moral Hazard The Free Rider Problem Ethics and the Law Rights protected by the US Constitution are not suspended during times of crisis Right to Due Process 14th Amendment Fakness Procedural Due Process all legal proceedings must be fair with notice and an opportunity to be heard before the government may impinge on basic liberties Substantive Due Process no law may be unreasonable arbitrary or capricious Right to Equal Protection 14th No state shalldeny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws Prohibits racebased and other forms of discrimination Cruel amp Unusual Punishment 8th Amendment Governs treatment of incarcerated individuals Habeas Corpus Write legal action directed to person detaining another to bring the prisoner before a court or judge Civil Rights Laws Persons in the US shall not be denied the benefits of excluded from participation in or subject to discrimination under federallyfunded programs or activities on the basis of race color national origin disability or age Title VI of Civil Rights Act of 1964 Americans with Disabilities Act Rehabilitation Act Age Discrimination Act Civil Rights and Executive Orders Executive Orders to protect vulnerable populations EO 13166 LEP federal programs must account for populations with limited English proficiency EO 12898 Environmental Justice federal actions must be evaluated for disproportionately high and adverse effects on minority or lowincome populations and to avoid disproportionate impacts where possible EO 13347 Individuals with Disabilities in Emergency Preparedness promotes consideration of the safety and security of the disable during emergencies Policies Medicare Medicaid Veterans Health Service Indian Health Service Mandatory Vaccination Comparison ol rive Ethical Wires Ethiml Approant The F0us W Utlitarianmn Common Good laimess or Justice Rights VIM I mammmms carcinoma Chose the action with greatest benefit and least harm common metric is price mummmessroacmu Are poliCies systems Institutions emmnments beneficid to an Does the action respect individual freedom while furthering common goals mmwmm Doesitshonlavorittmor discrimination Does the action respect the moral rights at everyone Cohivating particular virtues contributes to a better society
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