Week 3 Notes
Week 3 Notes FHS 213
Popular in Issues and Problems for Children and Families
Popular in Human Development
This 4 page One Day of Notes was uploaded by Jessica Goss on Friday January 23, 2015. The One Day of Notes belongs to FHS 213 at University of Oregon taught by Kevin Alltucker in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 293 views. For similar materials see Issues and Problems for Children and Families in Human Development at University of Oregon.
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Date Created: 01/23/15
12115 The Development of Antisocial Behavior Theme of the Day The term Antisocial Behavior is used to describe a manifestation of negative behaviors that begin early in life and continue into adolescence and adulthoodquot There is evidence that prenatal risk factors can affect a child s temperament which can start the ball rolling for antisocial behavior In early childhood the family is the training ground for antisocial behaviorquot Antisocial behavior is highly correlated with childhood development Robin KarrMorse Ghosts from the Nursery 0 One of the first to suggest that early childhood experiences were related to future violence Violence begins in the womb Assortative matingquot birds of a feather flock together people of similar behaviorsworld views end up together if 2 antisocial people have a baby there is a high likelihood the child will be the same The Case of Khrystal Livermore CA 0 Born in 1975 youngest of 4 with 3 older brothers dad worked part time was in amp out of the picture family is lowincome Rented a 2 bedroom house with bad temperatures 0 Fussy baby inconsolable 0 Left Khrystal with a neighbor and her brother 0 Mom brought the kids home and started drinking would pass out on the couch brother would cook dinner Brother playing doctor with Khrystal Khrystal was skilled in getting what she wanted through these coercive manners by 1St grade she had witnessed domestic violence between mom and dad police responses CPS investigation her brother arrested at age 11 for killing the neighbor s cat o In Junior High Khrystal found other girls with similar behaviors pack mentality grades plummeted began experimenting with drugs and alcohol Relational Bullying not physical altercations but emotional or mental bullying excluding others unkind to members of own group competition incredibly important in the antisocial development of girls 0 In 8th grade Khrystal was suspended for being drunk at school Khrystal ever graduated from high school She hooked up with Joel lots of violence and drugs She moved in with him She tried methamphetamine Joel was a smalltime meth dealer 0 Relationship ended to keep meth habit she fell in with another dealer who gave her a place to live and drugs in exchange for sex she relied on meth sex and burglary to support her 0 First violent act stabbed a woman in the arm while high on meth she went to juvenile hall 0 5 years later she stabbed another woman and went to prison for 5 years 0 4 stages of development of antisocial behavior 0 Much less successful in relationships employment education independence etc Prenatal risk factors drug and alcohol use stress violence neglect abuse malnutrition poor prenatal care Affects early brain development 0 Human brain has more neurons than stars in the galaxy o Neurons form at 250k per minute at 4 weeks after conception 0 Brain continues developing until age 25 and goes through the neural pruning process Pruning gets rid of unused neuron connections depends on experiences gets rid of the things we don t need Some experts describe neural pruning as use it or lose itquot The neural pathways that are used consistently are reinforced Neural pathways not used are pruned away Chronic stress in young children can reinforce flight or fight neural pathways to the detriment of other skill Child abuse can trigger elevated and chronic stress response in young children Can result in longterm changes in emotional behavior and cognitive function Children living in abusive and neglectful environments have high stress for longer amounts of time Brains are different Oregon Primate Center Studying the Effects of Maternal Bonding 0 Judy Cameron Separating baby monkeys from their mothers 0 Group 1 removed from mothers at birth 0 Did not know how to be social tried harder to be social scared other monkey babies lead to Aggressive Behavior by Group 1 Monkey babies 0 Group 2 removed form mothers after 2 weeks 0 Group 3 weaned normally at 6 weeks Important Family Dynamics 0 Parents train child to have antisocial behaviors Why would parents do this 0 They don t know how to be a positive role model 0 Patterson studied 206 4th grade boys who exhibited problem behaviors in school nearly 50 were arrested by age 14 75 of those went on to be career criminals 0 Being arrested by age 14 is the most important predictive event for criminal behavior Early Startersquot Coercive family relation ships harsh and inconsistent punishment school failure deviant peer groups 23x more likely to become career criminals o Arrested after age 14 Late Startersquot Respond to treatment multiple support systems typically grow out of delinquency Prenatal Factors Temperament Low Attachment Bonding Coercive family processes Harsh and Inconsistent punishment girls victimization Early Start Delinquency Delinquent Peer Group Leve amp Chamberlain 2002 Victimization most violent girls have been victimized Relational aggression relational aggression was not being measured 0 Family criminality and family transitions led to early start delinquency that led to risky sexual behavior 0 Most interventions geared for boys ES girls have different needs than ES boys 0 Evidence that girls are detained more for similar crimes compared to boys strong evidence that more detention results in worse outcomes
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