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General Psychology

by: Dayne Reichert

General Psychology PSYC 1101

Dayne Reichert

GPA 3.62


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Class Notes
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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Dayne Reichert on Monday November 2, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 1101 at Georgia Institute of Technology - Main Campus taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see /class/234270/psyc-1101-georgia-institute-of-technology-main-campus in Psychlogy at Georgia Institute of Technology - Main Campus.


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Date Created: 11/02/15
Classi cation and Diagnosis of Psychological Disorders 4162012 I Psychopathology A the study of the origin devlopment and maifestations of mental or behavioral disorerds A often referred to as abnormal psychology a Ancient view A demononlogy historically psychological disorders and abnormal behavior were viewed as demonic possessions A many people sulTering from netal disorders were tortured and killed b Modern view A today psychological disorders are viewed from the medical model abnormal behavior as a disease i Medical model A emphasis diagnosis Etiology 39 factor that contribute to disorder development treatment c Criteria for identifying abnormal behavior A psychologists ask three questions to determine if behavior represents psychopathology does the behavior deviate from culturalsocietal norms 39 Speaking with the dead But if the entire society supposedly speaks with the dead then they are not abnormal Is the behavior maladaptive 39 Is it not beneficial to engage in Is the behavior causing the individual personal distress A all three criteria do not have to be let to be considered abnormal diagnoses involve value judgments A abnormality of behavior must be viewed in terms of situational and cultural contexts II Classification A the first attempt to classify mental disorders was the DSM 1952 diagnostic and statisical manual of mental disorders a The DSMIVTR P disorders are described in termps of sympotms patients must meet speci c symptoms to receive a diagnosis i Multiaxial classi cation system recognizes that several distinct factors in uence mental health provides assessment along ve axes relevant to mental health gtgt 1 Axis I clinical disorders and other coniditoins that may be a focus of clinica attention 5 schizophrenia mood disorders sexy and gender disorders 2 Axis II mental retardation and personality disorders P antisocial personality disorder paranoid borderline personality disorder 3 Axis III A general medical conditions that may be relevant to mental disorders cancer epilesy obesity parkinson s disease alzheimer s disease 4 Axis IV A psychosocial environmental problems that might affect the diagnosis treatment 5 Axis V 111 Assessing Psychopathology a Projective measures A consist of ambiguous stimuli that respondents must interpret or make sense of A rely on projective hypothesis when interpreting ambiguous stimuli people project aspects of their personality onto the stimuli i The projective hypothesis ii The Rorschach Inkblot Test A very poor validity data bad at diagnosing speci c psychological disorders only good for guring out things that could have been discovered in conversation frequently classi es normal adults as being psychologically disturbed P y r P 5 gtgt 5 very infrequently used today b Clinical interviews conducted by mental health professionals focus on current symptoms distressing recent experiences may be unstructured or structured i Clinical vs actuarial prediction meehl o a fundamental distinction between clinical judgment and actuarial statistical prediction 0 in general actuarial prediction is superior 39 factors structured interviews 0 however something c Psychological tests psychological tests eXist which are specific to certain types of mental disorders or assess di erent types of i The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory 567 tf items assessing emotions thoughts and behaviors developed using empirical keying profiles of disorders are based on responses of known individuals diagnosed with specific disorders includes validity scales which assess if individuals are being dishonest or inconsistent 1 Empirical keying 2 Validity scales 3 Clinical scales HUMAN GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT Definition The sequence of agerelated changes that occurs as a person progresses from conception to death A Prenatal development 1 Germinal period First 2 weeks 2 Embryonic period 3rd week to end of 2nd month a major parts of brain are formed by end of embryonic period b organs and limbs develop during the embryonic period c embryo starts to move behave at end of embryonic period beginning of fetal period 3 Fetal period end of 2nd month through birth 4 Environmental factors that affect prenatal development a Maternal nutrition b Maternaldrug use 0 Maternal illness B Newborns 1 Re exes a grasping b rooting c sucking 2 Vision a acuity b visual preferences 0 depth perception C Motor development during the first 18 months 1 definition of developmental norms 2 normal sequence of motor behaviors SOME THEORIES OF DEVELOPMENT Attachment Theory John Bowlby Mary Ainsworth Cognitive Development Theory Jean Piaget handout Sociocultural Theory Lev Vygotsky IV Moral Development Lawrence Kohlberg V Psychosocial Theory Erik Erikson


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