Venetian Renaissance and Mannerism
Venetian Renaissance and Mannerism 1306-001
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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Diana Laura Gerardo on Sunday March 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 1306-001 at University of Texas at El Paso taught by Anne Perry in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see Art History II in Art at University of Texas at El Paso.
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Date Created: 03/27/16
Venetian Renaissance Venice Italy i Fete Champetre Country picnic ii 2 young men in contemporary the Muses are in the middle The women are cloaked in a golden light iv Has sfuto a soft diffused quality i Bacchus god of wine merriment and enjoyment ii Part of the Helen of Troy story 1 Another goddess threw a golden apple into the crowd of gods and goddesses saying it was for the fairest Athena Aphrodite and Hera all wanted it and competed in a beauty contest judged by Paris in which Aphrodite won Aphrodite had promised him he could have Helen the most beautiful woman if she won the contest He chose her and she abducted Helen for him which led to dispute and eventually the downfall of Troy i Vitruvius ancient Roman architect and engineer who wrote treatise on architecture 6 Pediment head of the Roman temple front Plan of the Villa Entrances on all 4 sides All interior proportions were rational There was balance and symmetry Rotonda cylindrical drum that supports a dome His dome is like a smaller version of the Pantheon s in Rome dedicated in AD 125 Ring buttresses counteract the outward thrust of the base of the dome Holds it in place Palladio studied the writings of Vitruvius and Classical Antiquity He studied the Pantheon a lot d Mannerism 15251600 i Maniera style or manner strange and theatrical 1 It was a reaction to the harmony balance and predictability in Tuscany ii 7 characteristics of Mannerism Contextual ambiguity context is location What is happening here and where are they Compositional complexity Complexity in the design of the work Spatial ambiguity a lack of clarity in space no spatial logic Unnatural proportions Acrid disturbing palette palette color scheme Affected poses poses with a purpose sometimes in a mocking or parodic manner High anxiety level Protestant Reformation Martin Luther protested the paying of indulgences to get out of purgatory and the practicing of symanee selling of religious of cespositions Catholic theologians held an ecumenical council and convened for 18 years to procreate the Catholic Church Known as the Council of Trent 15451563 a They created the Edict in which stated nudity was no longer ne Some Catholics had questioned the creation of images and stated it was idolatry so they broke away from the Catholic Church to form Protestantism The Master of Ceremoniesaka the Pope s Assistant disliked Michelangelo s work and Michelangelo painted him in Hell with donkey ears and a serpent biting his genitals The LastJudgement contained a mass of exaggerated muscles on the bodies and small disproportionate heads Parody of the Pieta with the same swinging arm Elongated bodies with small heads and great musculature Reaction to the rationality in the High Renaissance style 4 De nite contextual ambiguity You can t tell at all where they are 1 Column corner is strange and un nished because Parmigianino passed away before he could complete it 2 Virgin Mary is extremely elegant but has an unnatural long neck and strange fragile elongated ngers very lovely but affected manner 3 Contextual ambiguity is found here 4 There is a tiny man in the right bottom corner 5 Parody of the Pieta as well with the same swinging arm 6 The baby Jesus has a 9 yearold s body 1 Spatial ambiguity 2 Christ is on his toes and is not really in a seated position even though he is dead 3 He has a wound on his torso from the Roman soldiers spear 4 Christ has a ginger beard 5 The 3 nails and hammer used to crucify him are on the ground 1 Very dark and almost ashen appearance 2 De nite spatial and contextual ambiguity 3 It s unnatural how the wait staff is also portrayed at the Last Supper