New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Art History 1 Week of 3/22/16

Star Star Star Star Star
1 review
by: CathrynBayes

Art History 1 Week of 3/22/16 ARTS 1710

Marketplace > Auburn University > Art > ARTS 1710 > Art History 1 Week of 3 22 16
GPA 3.3

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

These notes cover the week of 3/22/16. Specifically, they contain the remainder of the material on Mycenae, and the beginning of the notes on the Neo-Assyrian empire.
Introduction to Art History I
Karen Sonik
Class Notes
Art History 1
25 ?




Star Star Star Star Star
1 review
Star Star Star Star Star
"No all-nighter needed with these notes...Thank you!!!"
Derrick Considine

Popular in Introduction to Art History I

Popular in Art

This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by CathrynBayes on Sunday March 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ARTS 1710 at Auburn University taught by Karen Sonik in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 119 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Art History I in Art at Auburn University.


Reviews for Art History 1 Week of 3/22/16

Star Star Star Star Star

No all-nighter needed with these notes...Thank you!!!

-Derrick Considine


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 03/27/16
Mycenae  3/22/16: Mycenaean Culture Continued    Reconstruction of Mycenae   ● Cyclopean Masonry​ : massive rough stones that have been levered/stacked into place  without mortar; named because the monuments were so large, it was as if they could  only have been built by mythical cyclops/giants  ○ Implied huge wealth and power; was used to fortify cities and intimidate enemies    ● Lion Gate​: ca 1250 BCE; famous example of cyclopean masonry, features a relieving  triangle with what appears to be two lions      ● Lion Gate Hattusa​ : Hittite capital in Anatolia ca. 1350­1200 BCE; just like in Mycenae,  lions are used as a sort of gateway guardian        ● Tholos Tombs: ​ AKA beehive tombs. First became popular in 1600 BCE, but didn’t  become the dominant over shaft graves until 1250. Built from smoothed stones primarily  around Mycenae. Made up of dromos (long approach), stomion (large tomb entrance),  thalamos (burial chamber), and the beehive/conical roof (corbelled vault)    ● Treasury of Atreus: ​amous Tholos tomb built circa 1300­1250 BCE; excavated by  Schliemann. Empty space indicative of a relieving triangle that has since been lost   ○ Named for the mythological king Atreus; possibly referred to as a treasury  because there was once a large amount of grave goods that have since been lost     ○ The Cursed House of Atreus:Greek Mythological Background    ● Tantalus sacrificed his son Pelops to the gods; they were offended and cursed  him, at the same time they resurrected Pelops. Pelops betrayed and murdered  his friend Myrtilos, resulting in another curse on the family. Atreus and his brother  Thyestes fight for years, resulting in a false reconciliation dinner at which Atreus  serves Thyestes his two sons for dinner; the house is then cursed for a third time.  Atreus has two sons, Menelaus (married to Helen of Troy) and Agamemnon (who  sacrifices his daughter Iphigenia for good winds before going to war; is later  murdered by his wife Clytemnestra). Basically, the whole family is a mythological  mess    Mycenaean Pottery:   ● Kraters: tall vases used to store and transport water/wine  ● Pictorial Style 1400­1150: red or brown on buff; chariot scenes, nature scenes, departure  scenes. Early attempts at perspective  ○ Warrior Vase​: Krater ca 1200 BCE from Mycenae, 40.6 cm height, depicts war  scene     ○ Chariot Krater:ca. 1300­1250 BCE, found at an art market, 41.6 cm height,  departure scene that is an early example of perspective with schematic figures          End of the Mycenaean Period  ● Ca. 1200­1000 BCE: massive destruction across the Mediterranean and the Near East  ● On Greek Mainland: Pylos is violently destroyed; Athens is sacked and parts near the  acropolis are destroyed; an earthquake hits  Mycenae and Tiryns, though the area  continue to be occupied into the 11th century  Potential Causes of Mycenae Destruction:   ● Civil Wa​ “Seven Against Thebes” Myth  ● Invasion: Dorian Invasion ? Possible entry of new Greeks speaking Doric dialect may  have taken advantage of existing instability and taken over  ● Natural Disaster/Climate Change​leads to inability to grow crops  ● Attack by Sea Peoples:​  multiple dispossessed groups travel by water and survive by  raiding cities    Descent into the Dark Ages  ● 1500­1100 BCE: Significant loss of technology, decentralization of power and community   ● Late Helladic III (1200­1050 BCE)  ○ Post palatial period; regionally diverse ceramic assemblages   ○ Unsettled conditions die to decentralization; many people move away from the  larger cities and back to the small villages they came from  ● Octopus Style Pottery​  (12th­11th Century BCE)     ○ Derived from the Minoan marine ware style  ○ “Stirrup” jars, characterized by the stirrup­like handles; large size, used to  store/transport wines and water                                          The Neo­Assyrian Empire  3/24/16    Assyria is located in the Northernmost region of Mesopotamia    Neo­Assyrian Period: 911­612 BCE  Neo Babylonian Period: 612­539 BCE  Achaemenid Persian Empire: 559­331 BCE    The Middle Assyrian Decline  ● Late 13th century BCE: fullest extent of the empire. Assyrians consumed parts of  Mitanni, Hittite Anatolia, and Babylonia  ● Reasserts power under Tiglath Pileser I circa 1114­1076; declines end of 2nd millennium  BCE as Aramean empire struggles against Assyria     Notable Rulers   ● Ashuranipal II (883­859 BCE)  ● Sargon II (721­705)  ● Sennacherib (704­681)  ● Esarhaddon (680­669)  ● Ashurbanipal (668­627)  Notable Sites: Nineveh (AKA Kuyunjik), Assur, Nimrud (AKA Kalhu), Khorsabad (Dur  Sharrukin)  Resources​ : sun, clay, mud, rain (as opposed to marshes in the south), salt, timber, stone  (alabaster, limestone and gypsum)    Qualities of Neo­Assyrian Art  ● Strong continuity with Middle Assyrian Period  ● Greater power=greater influence : subject nations sent craftsmen and objects to  Assyrian capitals as tribute; foreign craftsmen imitate Assyrian style but add in some of  their local style  ● Themes: Power, Mastery, and Ritual/Religion   ○ Power: images of warfare, siege, brutality  ○ Mastery: lions/beasts are shown being conquered   ○ Ritual/Religion: King holds back chaos by appeasing Gods              Assurnasirpal II (883­859 BCE)   ● Assyrian ruler that consolidated terrestrial gains of his father/grandfather  ● launched military campaigns basically everywhere, but especially in the West, in Syria  and Levant; built many fortresses along borders  ○ Focus was more so on having influence (indirect control) rather than conquest  (true rulership)  ● Moved capital to Nimrud (AKA Kalhu): administrative center, palace site  ○ Northwest Palace: completed construction ca. 860 BCE. Built atop a mud brick  terrace 120 courses hugh and 28,000 square meters. Large open courtyard for  public affairs, separate throne room for meetings, inner palace complex  organized around small courtyards     ○ Ideological statement: size/scale represents physical might and strength,  materials show territorial reach and influence, and the art impresses and  intimidates enemies  ● Lamassu​ : stone gateway guardians built/sculpted to resemble hybrids of humans, lions,  bulls, and birds. Identical within a single building, and at least partially carved in the  quarry prior to being erected   ○ Lamassus of Assurnasirpal II:  ca 883­859 BCE built at the Northwest palace at  Nimrud, carved from one piece of stone, about 3.3 m tall       


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Allison Fischer University of Alabama

"I signed up to be an Elite Notetaker with 2 of my sorority sisters this semester. We just posted our notes weekly and were each making over $600 per month. I LOVE StudySoup!"

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.