Psychology of Adolescence Week 9
Psychology of Adolescence Week 9 Psy 332
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This 11 page Class Notes was uploaded by Katerina Patrinos on Tuesday November 3, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Psy 332 at University of Wisconsin - Whitewater taught by Dr. Fruiht in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see Psychology of Adolescence in Psychlogy at University of Wisconsin - Whitewater.
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Date Created: 11/03/15
Psychology of Adolescence (Psych 332) Week 9 10/29/2015 ▯ Culture, Leisure, and Media ▯ ▯ Culture and Adolescence Adolescence is partly a cultural construction Culturally bound “coming of age” rituals mark the entrance to adulthood. Do we have one in majority western culture? ▯ ▯ Study Time Use “experience Sampling Method” (ESM) o first step to understanding youth cultural and time use Researchers “beep” participants throughout the day and participants report what they are doing, how they are feeling, etc. o Gave teens pagers that would tell them when to fill out a survey ▯ ▯ Cultural Norms Around Time Use How teens spend their time is dependent upon culture o Is school mandatory? If mandatory, more teens will spend time at school o Is work expected? Some families expect people to help but others what their kids to worry about school. o Stigmatized? o Available? o the impact of work. ▯ “middle class” youth o more opportunities to goof of o not “responsible” jobs usually don’t have high standards for adolescent jobs o linked with more problem behavior can get into more trouble with extra money “poor” youth o financial support for the family o overwork is detrimental to school and mental health functioning (20+ hours) ▯ ▯ How do US adolescents spend their time? ▯ ▯ When are teens happiest? Moods are most positive with friends Moods with family decline in early adolescence 10-13 and rise in middle adolescence 13-15 ▯ ▯ When are teens most bored? Things they have to do o Homework, class work, jobs, etc. More bored in social studies, reading, language, study hall, etc. o Less bored in sports, leisure, games, eating, etc. ▯ ▯ What is Leisure to a US teen? ▯ ▯ ▯ Weekday Afternoons… Not a good thing when teens have nothing to do. Study on aggravated assault o Most time to get arrested is 3pm on a school day No parental supervision after school, more time ▯ ▯ Extracurriculars 2/3 of adolescents are in at least one extracurricular activity ▯ ▯ Benefits of Extracurriculars Increased contract with teachers and responsible adults Improved self-confidence and esteem Contact with pro-social peers o The more blended extracurricular with trouble makers and other students tends to help more. “Routine Activity Theory” o everyone does better when their time is structured. o When you structure your time you get it done better and more efectively. ▯ ▯ What’s special about sports? Physical activity (physical health) o Football does not predict positive outcomes Better academic performance Access to prosocial peer and role models Self-esteem (and healthy body image in girls) ▯ ▯ Media Consumption ▯ ▯ The Challenge of Studying Media Changes so fast, Today they are still studying MySpace even though that is clearly not very used anymore. ▯ ▯ Types of Media Use ▯ ▯ ▯ Does Media Matter? Average media consumption 11-14 year olds: 60 hours per week 15-18 year olds: 56 hours per week ▯ using “multiple screens” is becoming increasingly common ▯ ▯ Physical Effects Hours of TV watching strongly correlated with obesity. Hours of “screen time” (internet, video games, etc. correlated with obesity. “TV turn of” programs decrease obesity in kids and in adolescents. ▯ Screen time (and years of education) predict development of myopia (near sidedness) ▯ ▯ Media and Academic Achievement In general, hours spent watching TV correlates with lower GPA in adolescence But, educational TV viewing predicts later achievement ▯ ▯ How Does Media Effect Us? ▯ ▯ ▯ Does Media Effect Aggression? ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ Aggressive Media Aggressive Behavior ▯ ▯ Does Media Effect Aggression? Aggressive Media Aggressive Behavior o personality characteristics o less physiological response to violence watching violence on TV wont have same efect if you like watching horror movies you’ll have a diferent response to violence o “Catharsis” if your naturally aggressive, maybe it feels good to watch other people be violence or show violence to others. Aggressive Media Aggressive Behavior o antisocial models bandura bobo doll. o Desensitization o Operant conditioning of violent behavior (or vicarious reinforcement) o Undemonstrated consequences We rarely see the consequences of someone’s violence, especially on TV or playing video games. Because there is not consequences it desensitized us to violence. ▯ ▯ Sexual Content Media geared towards adolescents contains a good deal of sexual content. Teens who saw the most sex of TV were twice as likely to initiate intercourse within the next year as were those who saw the least. ▯ ▯ Sex and the Cell phone Over half of college students report sexting (2014) as minors 28% sent nude photos of themselves as minors Most didn’t understand legal consequences of these behaviors. ▯ ▯ Gender Roles and Sexuality The media becomes increasingly stereotyped in targeting adolescents and adolescents seek models of gender ▯ ▯ Objectification SELF o Depression, eating disorders, lower self worth, lower life satisfaction, lower cognitive functioning, lower efficacy in may domains. OTHERS o Women views as less human, less competent, less worthy of empathy. o Individual becomes more tolerant of harassment. ▯ ▯ Body Image Exposure to media efects girls perceptions of themselves “American” media exposure (globally) predicts the prevalence of eating and body dysmorphic disorders. ▯ ▯ The rise of Social Media Electronic communication is increasingly done via mobile evice, not computer. Boys and girls use social media diferently o The average adolescent sends more than 100 text messages a day (Lenhart, 2012) Adolescents don’t perceive social media s a contributor to poor mental health Social media use has been correlated with depression among young adults Some studies don’t find this relationship Measuring social media using traditional meth nods is difficult ▯ ▯ Media literacy Media literate” girls who are taught to critically assess media re better about to maintain a positive body image when exposed to media “literacy” is not just about knowing that Photoshop happens, but critically assessing media and considering the way that it has been designed to influence you. Adolescents are at risk for persuasion because they o Are less aware of the tools being used to manipulate them o Have underdeveloped critical thinking skills o Multitask and use multiple forms of media, which make it less likely they’ll be critical consumers (comprehension and counterarguments take a hit) ▯ ▯
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