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Chapter 8

by: Mora Lucero

Chapter 8 ADMJ 0600 - 1030

Mora Lucero
GPA 3.2

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Intro to Criminology
Louis Gentile
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mora Lucero on Tuesday November 3, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ADMJ 0600 - 1030 at University of Pittsburgh taught by Louis Gentile in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see Intro to Criminology in Law and Legal Studies at University of Pittsburgh.

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Date Created: 11/03/15
Criminology Chapter 8 1. Critical Criminology – rules/laws set in place to protect wealthy a. Karl Marx, Vold, Bonger b. Wealthy make the laws and sanctions to those laws c. Protect upper class, pressure lower class d. Lower class commit crimes to obtain things they do not have the access to e. Origins i. View of crimes 1. Facial features, ancestry background ii. Contemporary 1. Real crimes – sexism, racism 2. Criminal: comes up short to achieve goal and basic necessities of life 3. Upper class do not have to fight for what they want iii. Instrumental theory: criminal law is way to control lower class iv. Structural theory: criminal law are means of defending upper class, but do not punish  lower class 1. P. 199 f. Causes of crime i. Surplus value: Working class is being punished ii. Globalization: creation of transnational markets 1. Ex. cars made outsourced take away jobs in US iii. State/organized crime: committed by government officials 1. Ex. wiretapping, violation of human rights iv. Social institution: schools (middle school/college) cause of crime 1. Kids may not have option to choose wealthier school g. Forms of critical criminology i. Left realism: through community involvement ii. Critical feminist: gender biases against women 1. Incorrect means to an end iii. Power control: gender differences functions of power control 1. Deals with both genders iv. Peacemaking: conflict resolution to prevent crime from happening 1. Prevent before even happens h. Restorative justice i. Concept: having the community involvement to help people before/after prison 1. High rate of crime? Society must a. Address victim’s harms/needs b. Hold offenders accountable c. Involve victim, offenders, community ii. Reintegrative shaming: importance of shame in criminal punishment 1. Ex. sex offender searches iii. Process 1. Redefine crime a. Upper class create laws to oppress lower class 2. Programs a. Mediation, negotiation, peacemaking, consensus building 3. Reconciliation a. With victim/entity iv. Concerns 1. No single definition of a crime 2. Needs of victims/offenders must be balanced 3. Political movement or treatment hospice i. Critiques i. Neglects capitalist efforts to control itself ii. Fails to address conflicts among other countries iii. Fails to explain capitalist countries have low crime rates 2. The Iceman and The Psychiatrist a. Which social process theory fits this movie the best? Dr. Park deets Richard kuklinski Shot, stabbed people for no reason, who looked at him funny, for fun Pleasure  sex Age 10  signs of pathological behavior Fight boredom Abuse from father and mother Personal crimes took longer Contract killer for the MAFIA Antisocial personality: no conscious, remorse, guilt, impulsive Heredity to be fearless Crime is learned Paranoid personality: trust no one, never forgive


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