October 27 & 29 Notes
October 27 & 29 Notes PSYC 440 002
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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kelsey Carroll on Tuesday November 3, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 440 002 at University of South Carolina taught by Eugene Hubener in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 42 views. For similar materials see Survey of Personality in Psychlogy at University of South Carolina.
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Date Created: 11/03/15
Notes October 27 amp 29 Exam Three Material Behavioral Psychology B f PE 0 Behavior is a function of personal variables P and environmental variables E B F Skinner was a major leader in behavioral psychology 0 All behaviors are learned through interaction with the environment Example Rat in a Skinner Box 0 A skinner box is a controlled environment that is good at showing cause and effect experiments People s behavior is completely controlled by their environment according to Skinner this idea has now changedL The rats don39t think but are controlled by punishers and reinforcers of the environment a l i n I i The Skimmer Haul5 U WEEI Edquot awful i quot quot again Lu Ii l H l 7 L 1i I l i um EF y 11 quot 1 l 39 A Ii 393 lIEZ I maIFLE39jiE fand Ease mu Behavioral psychologist look for behaviors that are speci c observable and countable 0 They do not use adjectives 0 Example Jimmy is hostile on the playground not what a behavioral psychologist would say instead they would reportJimmy hit other children four times while on the playground Operant Conditioning in Theranv Positive reinforcement present a pleasant stimulus 0 Presentation of a positive stimulus immediately after a behavior which increases the probability of that behavior occurring again 0 Reinforcers can be a material candy money toys social verbal praise or an activity going on a trip or playing a game 0 Positive Punishment present aversive stimulus 0 Lots of positive punishment at school makes students not want to be there 0 Skinner says you should be able to everything using positive reinforcement Negative punishment removal of a pleasant stimulus o Extinction Be careful of response bursts An increase of negative behavior and intensify temporarily and decreases behavior overs time Bill fli39i E hnETlEil39i FTEIE39IZEIJFE nrluifflquotElmleLq llHH39il39 flak L Emihii 39 am 1 s W D V r Hun a 39l H i a L I I litequot H l 39u gquot a in i m Ea M an Un i i I an i n H1 mm It 7 if if 777 inii an 1 i an l m 25 0 Time out 0 Response Cost taking back previous reinforcers Example a kid had trouble paying attention during class The teacher put a box with sheets of paper on her desk If she was off task the teacher took one sheet of paper each time At the end of the day if she had a certain number of papers left in the box she got a reward Chaining not interested in a single behavior but a sequence of steps 0 Example Dolphins learning a routine at Sea World or people with disabilities learning to do everyday tasks 0 Task analysis building successive chains in a link that leads to one speci c behavior Example Teaching my dog to play dead 0 Step 1 learn to sit Step 2 learn to lay down 0 Step 3pay dead Shaping making a person acquire a behavior they don39t have 0 Method of Successive approximation to the desired behavior Example a rat in a skinner box needs to push a lever That is a behavior they do not possess and the scientist can teach them Behavioral Contracts Homework Schedules of reinforcement every time you do something the environment responds 0 Example when someone does well they get a compliment or a reward or if they do bad they get disciplined Intermittent are periodically reinforced you know eventually that the reinforcement will come 0 Example playing the slots they know eventually that the slots will eventually get a reward It might be next time that I win big Hard to extinguish behaviors Must be persistent