Week 8 Notes REL 3145
Week 8 Notes REL 3145 REL 3145
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Annette Marin on Tuesday November 3, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to REL 3145 at Florida State University taught by Michael McVicar in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 52 views. For similar materials see Gender and Religion in Religious Studies at Florida State University.
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Date Created: 11/03/15
Anti-Catholicism 11/3/15 7:01 PM Monk, The Awful Disclosures Maria Monk (1816 – 1849) ⇒ According to the Awful Disclosures (1836) o Canadian women; lived in Montreal o Raised Protestant, but not rigorously so o Converted to Catholicism after attending a convent school o Entered the Hotel Dieu as a novice nun ⇒ The “Black Nuns” o Soon realizes her error as the perversions of the priest and other nuns becomes evident o Witness a series of horrible sexual and violent crimes ⇒ According to historians o Canadian women; born in St. Johns, Quebec; lived in Montreal o Suffered a brain injury as a child § Shoved a pencil into ear, penetrating her skull o Placed into a Catholic asylum by her mother o Pregnant with the child of another inmate at the asylum (or a john) and forced to leave ⇒ Pregnant Monk discovered an anti-Catholic missionary (W.K Hoyte) in Montreal o Became Hoyte’s lover o Couple fled to the U.S. and told Monk’s fictional story to a group of anti-Catholic Protestant clergy o Group of nativists author Disclosures ⇒ In an attempt to prove Monk’s tale, William Leete Stone searched the convent and found no evidence ⇒ 1837: Monk flees with another man and tells the press she was kidnapped by priests Know Nothings ⇒ Nativist movement o Feared the arrival of German and Irish immigrants § c. 1840s – 1850s § Especially feared Catholics and the political power of the Pope § Feared racial and religious corruption of the U.S. ⇒ Membership limited to Protestant males of British descent o semi-secret organizations o “I know nothing about it…” ⇒ Founded political parties; notable the American Republic Party (1843), the Native American Party (1845), the American Party (1855) ⇒ Slavery divided the party and it collapsed before the Civil War ⇒ Helped lay the intellectual and nativist foundation for later movements such as the Ku Klux Klan in the North. Anti-Catholic Riots ⇒ Ursuline Convent Riots o August 1834, outside Boston, MA § Rumors circulate of the forced detention of women in the convent § Rebecca Reed • Reed and several Protestant women flee the convent and associated charity school • Published Six Months in a Convent (1835) § Mob burns the convent as thousands watch ⇒ Philadelphia Nativist (or Bible) Riots o May and July 1844 § Rumors circulate that Catholics will remove Bibles from public schools § Two Catholic churches burnt in May Riot § In July, riot, mob attacks a church with a cannon and state militia responds, killing Approx. 15 ⇒ Bloody Monday o August 6, 1855, Louisville, Kentucky § Political rivalries between Know-Nothings and Catholic Democrats § Property damage and approx. 20 killed 11/3/15 7:01 PM 11/3/15 7:01 PM
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